Thermal Analysis Standards

    ASTM's thermal analysis standards provide the test methods, practices, and terminologies relevant to the execution of thermal analytical techniques. Thermal analysis is a form of analytical technique most commonly used in the branch of materials science where changes in the properties of materials are examined with respect to temperature. Common types include interferometry, thermomechanical and thermophysical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetry among others. These thermal analysis standards are instrumental in guiding laboratories and their respective scientists and engineers in the proper procedures to follow when performing these thermal analytical methods.

    List of thermal analysis standards developed by ASTM:


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    Biological Calorimetry

    DesignationTitle
    E2603 - 08 Standard Practice for Calibration of Fixed-Cell Differential Scanning Calorimeters

    Calorimetry and Mass Loss

    DesignationTitle
    E793 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Enthalpies of Fusion and Crystallization by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E794 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Melting And Crystallization Temperatures By Thermal Analysis
    E928 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Purity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E967 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers
    E968 - 02(2014) Standard Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
    E1131 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry
    E1269 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E1356 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperatures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E1582 - 14 Standard Practice for Calibration of Temperature Scale for Thermogravimetry
    E1641 - 13 Standard Test Method for Decomposition Kinetics by Thermogravimetry Using the Ozawa/Flynn/Wall Method
    E1719 - 12 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquids by Ebulliometry
    E1782 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determining Vapor Pressure by Thermal Analysis
    E1858 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determining Oxidation Induction Time of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E1868 - 10 Standard Test Method for Loss-On-Drying by Thermogravimetry
    E2008 - 08(2014)e1 Standard Test Methods for Volatility Rate by Thermogravimetry
    E2009 - 08(2014)e1 Standard Test Methods for Oxidation Onset Temperature of Hydrocarbons by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E2040 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Mass Scale Calibration of Thermogravimetric Analyzers
    E2041 - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Estimating Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimeter Using the Borchardt and Daniels Method
    E2069 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration on Cooling of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
    E2070 - 13 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods
    E2160 - 04(2012) Standard Test Method for Heat of Reaction of Thermally Reactive Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E2403 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Sulfated Ash of Organic Materials by Thermogravimetry
    E2550 - 11 Standard Test Method for Thermal Stability by Thermogravimetry
    E2602 - 09 Standard Test Method for the Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E2716 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Sinusoidal Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E2890 - 12 Standard Test Method for Kinetic Parameters for Thermally Unstable Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using the Kissinger Method
    E2958 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Kinetic Parameters by Factor Jump/Modulated Thermogravimetry

    Fundamental, Statistical and Mechanical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    E831 - 14 Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials by Thermomechanical Analysis
    E1363 - 13 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers
    E1545 - 11 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis
    E1640 - 13 Standard Test Method for Assignment of the Glass Transition Temperature By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
    E1824 - 13 Standard Test Method for Assignment of a Glass Transition Temperature Using Thermomechanical Analysis: Tension Method
    E1860 - 13 Standard Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers
    E1867 - 13 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers
    E1877 - 13 Standard Practice for Calculating Thermal Endurance of Materials from Thermogravimetric Decomposition Data
    E1952 - 11 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Diffusivity by Modulated Temperature Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E1953 - 14 Standard Practice for Description of Thermal Analysis and Rheology Apparatus
    E1970 - 11 Standard Practice for Statistical Treatment of Thermoanalytical Data
    E2071 - 00(2010) Standard Practice for Calculating Heat of Vaporization or Sublimation from Vapor Pressure Data
    E2092 - 13 Standard Test Method for Distortion Temperature in Three-Point Bending by Thermomechanical Analysis
    E2113 - 13 Standard Test Method for Length Change Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers
    E2206 - 11 Standard Test Method for Force Calibration of Thermomechanical Analyzers
    E2253 - 11 Standard Test Method for Temperature and Enthalpy Measurement Validation of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
    E2254 - 13 Standard Test Method for Storage Modulus Calibration of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers
    E2347 - 11 Standard Test Method for Indentation Softening Temperature by Thermomechanical Analysis
    E2402 - 11 Standard Test Method for Mass Loss and Residue Measurement Validation of Thermogravimetric Analyzers
    E2425 - 11 Standard Test Method for Loss Modulus Conformance of Dynamic Mechanical Analyzers
    E2551 - 13 Standard Test Method for Humidity Calibration (or Conformation) of Humidity Generators for Use with Thermogravimetric Analyzers
    E2744 - 10 Standard Test Method for Pressure Calibration of Thermal Analyzers
    E2769 - 13 Standard Test Method for Elastic Modulus by Thermomechanical Analysis Using Three-Point Bending and Controlled Rate of Loading
    E2918 - 13 Standard Test Method for Performance Validation of Thermomechanical Analyzers

    Nomenclature and Definitions

    DesignationTitle
    E473 - 11a Standard Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
    E1142 - 14a Standard Terminology Relating to Thermophysical Properties
    E2161 - 13 Standard Terminology Relating to Performance Validation in Thermal Analysis

    Rheology

    DesignationTitle
    E2509 - 14 Standard Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Rheometers in Isothermal Mode
    E2510 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Torque Calibration or Conformance of Rheometers
    E2975 - 14 Standard Test Method for Calibration of Concentric Cylinder Rotational Viscometers

    Thermophysical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    E228 - 11 Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
    E289 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Rigid Solids with Interferometry
    E1225 - 13 Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Solids Using the Guarded-Comparative-Longitudinal Heat Flow Technique
    E1461 - 13 Standard Test Method for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method
    E1530 - 11 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Resistance to Thermal Transmission of Materials by the Guarded Heat Flow Meter Technique
    E2584 - 14 Standard Practice for Thermal Conductivity of Materials Using a Thermal Capacitance (Slug) Calorimeter
    E2585 - 09 Standard Practice for Thermal Diffusivity by the Flash Method

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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