Soap Standards and Polish Standards

    ASTM's soaps and polishes standards are instrumental in the preparation and evaluation of surfactant products that are usually used in conjunction with water for washing, cleaning, and polishing. Such products include soaps, detergents, bleaches, waxes, and polishes. These standards help identify the certain physical and chemical properties of soaps and polishes such as particle size, pH, cloud point, recoatability, glide adhesion, freeze/thaw resistance, cleaning efficiency, and foaming properties among others. These soaps and polishes standards help guide product manufacturers in the proper methods of producing and testing such products to ensure quality towards safe use.

    List of soap standards and polish standards developed by ASTM:


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    Analysis and Specifications of Soaps, Synthetics, Detergents and their Components

    DesignationTitle
    D460 - 91(2014) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Soaps and Soap Products
    D500 - 95(2009) Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Sulfonated and Sulfated Oils
    D501 - 03(2009) Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkaline Detergents
    D502 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Particle Size of Soaps and Other Detergents
    D800 - 05(2014) Standard Test Methods of Chemical Analysis of Industrial Metal Cleaning Compositions
    D820 - 93(2009) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soaps Containing Synthetic Detergents
    D928 - 03(2009) Standard Specification for Sodium Bicarbonate
    D1568 - 05(2014) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Alkylbenzene Sulfonates
    D1569 - 05(2014) Standard Test Methods for Detergent Alkylate
    D1570 - 95(2009) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Fatty Alkyl Sulfates
    D1681 - 05(2014) Standard Test Method for Synthetic Anionic Active Ingredient in Detergents by Cationic Titration Procedure
    D1767 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Ethylene Diamine Tetraacetate (EDTA) in Soaps or Synthetic Detergents
    D1768 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Sodium Alkylbenzene Sulfonate in Synthetic Detergents by Ultraviolet Absorption
    D2022 - 89(2008) Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Chemical Analysis of Chlorine-Containing Bleaches
    D2023 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method of Analysis for Sodium Toluene Sulfonate in Detergents
    D2180 - 89(2008) Standard Test Method for Active Oxygen in Bleaching Compounds
    D2357 - 11 Standard for Qualitative Classification of Surfactants by Infrared Absorption
    D2358 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Separation of Active Ingredient from Surfactant and Syndet Compositions
    D2959 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Ethylene Oxide Content of Polyethoxylated Nonionic Surfactants
    D3048 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method of Assay for Alkaline Protease
    D3049 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Synthetic Anionic Ingredient by Cationic Titration
    D3598 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Citrate in Synthetic Detergents
    D3673 - 89(2009) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alpha Olefin Sulfonates
    D4251 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Active Matter in Anionic Surfactants by Potentiometric Titration
    D4252 - 89(2009) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Alcohol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenol Ethoxylates
    D4337 - 89(2009) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Linear Detergent Alkylates
    D4608 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Citrate in Detergents
    D4711 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Sulfonic and Sulfuric Acids in Alkylbenzene Sulfonic Acids
    D4954 - 89(2009) Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrilotriacetates in Detergents
    D5070 - 90(2014) Standard Test Method for Synthetic Quaternary Ammonium Salts in Fabric Softeners by Potentiometric Titrations
    D5547 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Clay and Zeolite in Powdered Laundry Detergents by Atomic Absorption
    D5806 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Disinfectant Quaternary Ammonium Salts by Potentiometric Titration
    D6173 - 97(2014) Standard Test Method for Determination of Various Anionic Surfactant Actives by Potentiometric Titration
    D6174 - 01(2006) Standard Test Method for Inorganic Sulfate in Surfactants by Potentiometric Lead Titration

    Chemical and Physical Testing

    DesignationTitle
    D1290 - 95(2008) Standard Test Method for Sediment in Water-Emulsion Polishes by Centrifuge
    D1791 - 93(2008) Standard Test Method for Accelerated Aging of Liquid Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D2834 - 95(2008) Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter (Total Solids) in Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes, Solvent-Based Floor Polishes, and Polymer-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D3209 - 93(2008) Standard Test Method for Freeze/Thaw Resistance of Polymer Floor Polishes
    D3430 - 95(2008) Standard Test Method for Clarity and Yellowness of Liquid Water-Based Clear Floor Polishes
    D3716 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Use of Emulsion Polymers in Floor Polishes
    D4095 - 97(2008) Standard Practice for Use of the Refractometer for Determining Nonvolatile Matter (Total Solids) in Floor Polishes
    D5678 - 95(2008) Standard Test Method for Freeze/Thaw Resistance of Wax Emulsion Floor Polish
    D6827 - 02(2008) Standard Test Method for Zinc Analysis of Floor Polishes and Floor Polish Polymers By Flame Atomic Absorption (A.A.)

    Consumer Standards

    DesignationTitle
    D5237 - 05(2013) Standard Guide for Evaluating Fabric Softeners
    D5548 - 13 Standard Guide for Evaluating Color Transfer or Color Loss of Dyed Fabrics in Laundering (Not Suitable for Detergent or Washing Machine Rankings)

    Hard Surface Cleaning

    DesignationTitle
    D1280 - 14 Standard Guide for Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Soak Tank Metal Cleaners
    D3556 - 85(2009) Standard Test Method for Deposition on Glassware During Mechanical Dishwashing
    D4009 - 92(2011) Standard Guide for Foam Stability of Hand Dishwashing Detergents
    D5343 - 06(2012)e1 Standard Guide for Evaluating Cleaning Performance of Ceramic Tile Cleaners
    D7225 - 13 Standard Guide for Blood Cleaning Efficiency of Detergents and Washer-Disinfectors

    Nomenclature and Definitions

    DesignationTitle
    D459 - 09 Standard Terminology Relating to Soaps and Other Detergents

    Performance Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D1436 - 97(2008) Standard Test Methods for Application of Emulsion Floor Polishes to Substrates for Testing Purposes
    D1455 - 87(2008) Standard Test Method for 60° Specular Gloss of Emulsion Floor Polish
    D1792 - 06(2012)e1 Standard Test Method for Long-Term Removability Properties of Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D1793 - 92(2008) Standard Test Method for Water Spotting of Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D2048 - 10 Standard Test Method for Powdering of Floor Polish Films
    D3052 - 87(2010) Standard Practice for Rating Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D3153 - 87(2008) Standard Test Method for Recoatability of Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D3206 - 08 Standard Test Method for Soil Resistance of Floor Polishes
    D3207 - 92(2008) Standard Test Method for Detergent Resistance of Floor Polish Films
    D3210 - 95(2008) Standard Test Method for Comparing Colors of Films from Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D3543 - 93(2008) Standard Test Method for Metal Glide Adhesion
    D3751 / D3751M - 10 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Furniture Polish
    D3758 - 95(2010) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Spray-Buff Products on Test Floors
    D3836 - 13 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Automotive Polish
    D4002 - 81(2008) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Buffable Shoe Polish
    D4330 - 94(2008) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Fiberglass Boat Polish and Wax
    D4955 - 89(2008) Standard Practice for Field Evaluation of Automotive Polish
    D6625 - 13 Standard Practice for Conducting a Test of Protective Properties of Polish Applied to a Painted Panel Using Fluorescent UV-Condensation Light- and Water-Exposure Apparatus

    Physical Testing

    DesignationTitle
    D1172 - 95(2007) Standard Guide for pH of Aqueous Solutions of Soaps and Detergents
    D1173 - 07 Standard Test Method for Foaming Properties of Surface-Active Agents
    D2024 - 09 Standard Test Method for Cloud Point of Nonionic Surfactants
    D2281 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Wetting Agents by the Skein Test
    D3050 - 07 Standard Guide for Measuring Soil Removal from Artificially Soiled Fabrics (Not Suitable for Detergent Ranking)
    D4008 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Measuring Anti-Soil Deposition Properties of Laundry Detergents (Not Suitable for Detergent Ranking)
    D4265 - 14 Standard Guide for Evaluating Stain Removal Performance in Home Laundering

    Raw Materials

    DesignationTitle
    D1386 - 10 Standard Test Method for Acid Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes
    D1387 - 89(2012) Standard Test Method for Saponification Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes
    D1986 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Apparent Viscosity of Polyethylene Wax
    D3642 - 13 Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Certain Alkali-Soluble Resins
    D3643 - 10 Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Certain Alkali-Soluble Resins
    D3644 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Acid Number of Styrene-Maleic Anhydride Resins
    D3837 - 95(2012) Standard Practice for Preparing a Solution of Alkali–Soluble Resins
    D3954 - 94(2010) Standard Test Method for Dropping Point of Waxes
    D4283 - 98(2010) Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Silicone Fluids
    D7389 - 07(2012) Standard Test Method for Acid Number (Empirical) of Maleic Anhydride (MAH) Grafted Waxes

    Slip Resistance

    DesignationTitle
    D2047 - 11 Standard Test Method for Static Coefficient of Friction of Polish-Coated Flooring Surfaces as Measured by the James Machine
    D4103 - 90(2009) Standard Practice for Preparation of Substrate Surfaces for Coefficient of Friction Testing
    D6205 - 12 Standard Practice for Calibration of the James Static Coefficient of Friction Machine

    Specifications

    DesignationTitle
    D3440 - 13 Standard Guide for Preparing Specifications for Water-Emulsion Floor Polishes
    D3564 - 95(2008) Standard Practice for Application of Floor Polishes to Maintain Vinyl Composition Tile or Flooring
    D3757 - 89(2010) Standard Guide for Preparing Specifications for Solvent-based Floor Polishes
    D4078 - 02(2008) Standard Specification for Water Emulsion Floor Polish
    D4386 - 95(2008) Standard Practice for Application of Floor Polishes to Maintain Multilayer Composite Tile or Flooring

    Terminology and Editorial Review

    DesignationTitle
    D2825 - 13 Standard Terminology Relating to Polishes and Related Materials

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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