Rubber Standards

    ASTM's rubber standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and assessing the physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of a wide variety of materials and products that are made of rubber and its elastomeric derivatives. Rubber, which can either be synthetically produced or derived from the milky colloidal suspension found in the sap of some plants, exhibits unique properties that render it extensively useful in many applications and products. These rubber standards allow rubber manufacturers and end-users to examine and evaluate their material or product of concern to ensure quality and acceptability towards safe utilization.

    List of rubber standards developed by ASTM:


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    Analytical Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    F1277 - 02(2009) Standard Test Method for Determination of Leachable Chloride in Packing and Gasketing Materials by Ion-Selective Electrode Technique
    F2466 - 10 Standard Practice for Determining Silicone Volatiles in Silicone Rubber for Transportation Applications
    F2524 - 06(2013) Standard Practice for Determination of Volatile Content for Formed-in-Place Gaskets (FIPG) Silicone Adhesives and Sealants for Transportation Applications

    Application of Statistical Methods

    DesignationTitle
    D4483 - 14a Standard Practice for Evaluating Precision for Test Method Standards in the Rubber and Carbon Black Manufacturing Industries
    D5406 - 93(2011) Standard Practice for Rubber - Calculation of Producer's Process Performance Indexes
    D6085 - 97(2011) Standard Practice for Sampling in Rubber Testing - Terminology and Basic Concepts
    D6600 - 00(2013) Standard Practice for Evaluating Test Sensitivity for Rubber Test Methods

    Carbon Black Microscopy and Morphology

    DesignationTitle
    D3849 - 14 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Morphological Characterization of Carbon Black Using Electron Microscopy

    Carbon Black Nomenclature and Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    D1765 - 14 Standard Classification System for Carbon Blacks Used in Rubber Products
    D3053 - 13a Standard Terminology Relating to Carbon Black
    D7849 - 14 Standard Classification for Nomenclature of Reference Materials of Committee D24

    Carbon Black Pellet Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D1508 - 12 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted Fines and Attrition
    D1511 - 12 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Pellet Size Distribution
    D1513 - 05(2012) Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted—Pour Density
    D1937 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black, Pelleted—Mass Strength
    D3313 - 12 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Individual Pellet Hardness
    D5230 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Automated Individual Pellet Hardness

    Carbon Black Sampling and Statistical Analysis

    DesignationTitle
    D1799 - 03a(2008) Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Sampling Packaged Shipments
    D1900 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Carbon Black - Sampling Bulk Shipments
    D4122 - 10a Standard Practice for Carbon Black-Evaluation of an Industry Reference Black
    D4583 - 95(2009) Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Calculation of Process Indexes From an Analysis of Process Control Data
    D4821 - 14 Standard Guide for Carbon Black—Validation of Test Method Precision and Bias
    D5817 - 03a(2008) Standard Practice for Carbon Black, Pelleted - Reduction, Blending, and Drying of Gross Samples for Testing
    D6915 - 12 Standard Practice for Carbon Black—Evaluation of Standard Reference Blacks

    Carbon Black Structure

    DesignationTitle
    D2414 - 13a Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number (OAN)
    D3493 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Oil Absorption Number of Compressed Sample (COAN)
    D6086 - 09a Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Void Volume (VV)
    D7854 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black-Void Volume at Mean Pressure

    Carbon Black Surface Area and Related Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D1510 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Iodine Adsorption Number
    D3265 - 14 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Tint Strength
    D6556 - 14 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Total and External Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption

    Carbon Black Testing in Rubber

    DesignationTitle
    D2663 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Dispersion in Rubber
    D3191 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black in SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber)—Recipe and Evaluation Procedures
    D3192 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black Evaluation in NR (Natural Rubber)

    Chemical Analysis

    DesignationTitle
    D297 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Products—Chemical Analysis
    D1519 - 95(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals-Melting Range
    D1766 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals - Solubility
    D1817 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Density
    D1991 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT)—Assay
    D2702 - 05(2011) Standard Practice for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Infrared Absorption Characteristics
    D3156 - 96(2011) Standard Practice for Rubber—Chromatographic Analysis of Antidegradants (Antioxidants, Antiozonants and Stabilizers)
    D3314 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber—Chemical Analysis for Polystyrene Blocks In SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) and Styrene-Reinforced Latices
    D3452 - 06(2012) Standard Practice for Rubber—Identification by Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography
    D3566 - 03(2009) Standard Practice for Rubber—Determination of Bromine in the Presence of Chlorine by Oxygen Combustion
    D3616 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber, Raw-Determination of Gel, Swelling Index, and Dilute Solution Viscosity
    D3677 - 10e1 Standard Test Methods for Rubber - Identification by Infrared Spectrophotometry
    D3900 - 05a(2010) Standard Test Methods for Rubber-Determination of Ethylene Units in Ethylene-Propylene Copolymers (EPM) and in Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Terpolymers (EPDM) by Infrared Spectrometry
    D4004 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Determination of Metal Content by Flame Atomic Absorption (AAS) Analysis
    D4026 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Latex—Styrene-Butadiene Copolymer—Determination of Residual Styrene
    D4075 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Flame Atomic Absorption Analysis—Determination of Metals
    D4569 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Acidity in Sulfur
    D4571 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Volatile Material
    D4573 - 03(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Oil Content in Oil-Treated Sulfur
    D4574 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Ash Content
    D4578 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Percent Sulfur by Extraction
    D4934 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials: 2-Benzothiazyl Sulfenamide Accelerators—Insolubles
    D4936 - 10 Standard Test Method for Mercaptobenzothiazole Sulfenamide Assay by Reduction/Titration
    D4937 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for p-Phenylenediamine Antidegradants Purity by Gas Chromatography
    D5044 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Free 2-Mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT) in Benzothiazyl Disulfide (MBTS)
    D5051 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Benzothiazyl Disulfide (MBTS)—Assay
    D5054 - 90(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals-Diphenyl Guanidine (DPG) and Di-o-tolyl-guanidine (DOTG) Assay
    D5297 - 95(2009) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Chemical Accelerator-Purity by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    D5376 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of the Basic Nitrogen Content in Rubber Antioxidant: Polymerized TMQ
    D5460 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Water in Rubber Additives
    D5461 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Compounding Materials—Wet Sieve Analysis of Powdered Rubber Compounding Materials
    D5666 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for P-Phenylenediamine Antidegradants-Purity by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    D5667 - 95(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber From Synthetic Sources-Total and Water Soluble Ash
    D5668 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Rubber From Synthetic Sources-Volatile Matter
    D5670 - 95(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber-Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Infrared Spectrophotometry
    D5774 - 95(2009) Standard Test Methods for Rubber-Chemical Analysis of Extractables
    D5775 - 95(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Determination of Bound Styrene in Styrene Butadiene Rubber by Refractive Index
    D5805 - 00(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber from Synthetic Sources--Carbon Black in Masterbatches
    D5902 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber-Determination of Residual Unsaturation in Hydrogenated Nitrile Rubber (HNBR) by Iodine Value
    D6047 - 99(2009) Standard Test Methods for Rubber, Raw--Determination of 5-Ethylidenenorbornene (ENB) or Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD) in Ethylene-Propylene-Diene (EPDM) Terpolymers
    D6370 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber-Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry (TGA)

    Chemical Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    F146 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Fluid Resistance of Gasket Materials
    F148 - 13 Standard Test Method for Binder Durability of Cork Composition Gasket Materials
    F363 - 99(2011) Standard Test Method for Corrosion Testing of Gaskets
    F495 - 99a(2011) Standard Test Method for Weight Loss of Gasket Materials Upon Exposure to Elevated Temperatures
    F607 - 03(2008) Standard Test Method for Adhesion of Gasket Materials to Metal Surfaces
    F2837 - 11 Standard Test Method for Hot Compression Properties of Gasket Materials

    Classification

    DesignationTitle
    F104 - 11 Standard Classification System for Nonmetallic Gasket Materials
    F868 - 02(2009) Standard Classification for Laminated Composite Gasket Materials
    F2468 - 05(2011) Standard Classification for Specifying Silicone Adhesives and Sealants for Transportation Applications

    Classification of Rubber Compounds

    DesignationTitle
    D2000 - 12 Standard Classification System for Rubber Products in Automotive Applications

    Coated Fabrics, Rubber Threads and Seals

    DesignationTitle
    D751 - 06(2011) Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
    D1330 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber Sheet Gaskets
    D1414 - 94(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber O-Rings
    D1869 - 95(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber Rings for Asbestos-Cement Pipe
    D2527 - 83(2011) Standard Specification for Rubber Seals—Splice Strength
    D3389 - 10 Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader)
    D3393 - 91(2014) Standard Specification for Coated Fabrics—Waterproofness
    D3667 - 05(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber Seals Used in Flat-Plate Solar Collectors
    D3738 - 84(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber-Coated Cloth Hospital Sheeting
    D3771 - 03(2007) Standard Specification for Rubber Seals Used in Concentrating Solar Collectors
    D3832 - 79(2011) Standard Specification for Rubber Seals Contacting Liquids in Solar Energy Systems
    D3854 - 90(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Thread-Resistance to Dry Heat
    D3855 - 84(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Thread-Deterioration Due to Standard Washing Solution Treatment
    D3903 - 03(2007) Standard Specification for Rubber Seals Used in Air-Heat Transport of Solar Energy Systems
    D4005 - 92(2010) Standard Test Method for Plastic-Coated Fabrics—Completeness of Fusion of PVC Dispersion Coatings
    D5193 / D5193M - 93(2012) Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics—Air Retention
    D6515 - 00(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Shaft Seals Determination of Recovery From Bending
    D6909 - 10 Standard Specification for High Temperature and Acid-Resistant Fluorocarbon Terpolymer Elastomer

    Composite Gaskets

    DesignationTitle
    F37 - 06(2013) Standard Test Methods for Sealability of Gasket Materials
    F112 - 00(2013) Standard Test Method for Sealability of Enveloped Gaskets
    F336 - 02(2009) Standard Practice for Design and Construction of Nonmetallic Enveloped Gaskets for Corrosive Service
    F433 - 02(2009) Standard Practice for Evaluating Thermal Conductivity of Gasket Materials
    F2325 - 03(2009) Standard Classification for Multi-Layer Steel (MLS) and Other Metal Layer Gaskets for Transportation Applications
    F2378 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Sealability of Sheet, Composite, and Solid Form-in-Place Gasket Materials
    F2467 - 06(2013) Standard Practice for Measuring Static Sealing Pressure Using Pressure-Indicating Film (PIF) in Transportation Applications
    F2716 - 08 Standard Practice for Comparison of Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets in High Pressure Saturated Steam

    Compounding Materials and Procedures

    DesignationTitle
    D1992 - 91(2013) Standard Guide for Testing Synthetic Plasticizers Used in Rubber
    D1993 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Precipitated Silica-Surface Area by Multipoint BET Nitrogen Adsorption
    D2226 - 93(2012) Standard Classification for Various Types of Petroleum Oils for Rubber Compounding Use
    D3182 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Rubber—Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
    D4295 - 89(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Zinc Oxide
    D4315 - 94(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Material—Zinc Oxide
    D4528 - 88(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Sulfur
    D4570 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Determination of Particle Size of Sulfur by Sieving (Dry)
    D4572 - 89(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Chemicals—Wet Sieve Analysis of Sulfur
    D4620 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Effective Surface Area of Zinc Oxide in Rubber
    D4676 - 94(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Antidegradants
    D4677 - 87(2013) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Titanium Dioxide
    D4678 - 11 Standard Practice for Rubber - Preparation, Testing, Acceptance, Documentation, and Use of Reference Materials
    D4817 - 88(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Stearic Acid
    D4818 - 89(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Vulcanization Accelerators
    D4924 - 89(2012) Standard Classification for Petroleum Waxes for Use in Rubber Compounding
    D5377 - 93(2012) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Ground Coal
    D5603 - 01(2008) Standard Classification for Rubber Compounding Materials—Recycled Vulcanizate Particulate Rubber
    D5604 - 96(2012) Standard Test Methods for Precipitated Silica—Surface Area by Single Point B.E.T. Nitrogen Adsorption
    D5644 - 01(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Compounding Materials—Determination of Particle Size Distribution of Recycled Vulcanizate Particulate Rubber
    D5899 - 98(2013) Standard Classification System for Rubber Compounding Materials for Use in Computer Material Management Systems
    D5900 - 14 Standard Specification for Physical and Chemical Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
    D6738 - 11 Standard Test Method for Precipitated Silica - Volatile Content
    D6739 - 11 Standard Test Method for Silica - pH Value
    D6740 - 10 Standard Test Method for Silanes Used in Rubber Formulations (bis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfanes): Residue on Ignition
    D6741 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Silanes Used in Rubber Formulations (bis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfanes): Sulfur Content
    D6814 - 02(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Percent Devulcanization of Crumb Rubber Based on Crosslink Density
    D6843 - 10 Standard Test Method for Silanes Used in Rubber Formulations (bis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfanes): Characterization by Gas Chromatography (GC)
    D6844 - 10 Standard Test Method for Silanes Used in Rubber Formulations (bis-(triethoxysilylpropyl)sulfanes): Characterization by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
    D6845 - 12 Standard Test Method for Silica, Precipitated, Hydrated—CTAB (Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide) Surface Area
    D6854 - 12a Standard Test Method for Silica-Oil Absorption Number

    Consumer Rubber Products

    DesignationTitle
    D3492 - 14 Standard Specification for Rubber Contraceptives (Male Condoms)
    D3577 - 09e1 Standard Specification for Rubber Surgical Gloves
    D3578 - 05(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves
    D3579 - 77(2010) Standard Specification for Rubber Surgical Drainage Tubes, Penrose-Type
    D3772 - 01(2010) Standard Specification for Natural Rubber Finger Cots
    D4316 - 95(2010) Standard Specification for Elastomeric Water Bottles
    D4679 - 02(2007) Standard Specification for Rubber General Purpose, Household or Beautician Gloves
    D5151 - 06(2011) Standard Test Method for Detection of Holes in Medical Gloves
    D5250 - 06(2011) Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application
    D5712 - 10 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Aqueous Extractable Protein in Natural Rubber and Its Products Using the Modified Lowry Method
    D6124 - 06(2011) Standard Test Method for Residual Powder on Medical Gloves
    D6284 - 09 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Aqueous Solutions with Available Chlorine and Chloramine
    D6319 - 10 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application
    D6324 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Male Condoms Made from Polyurethane
    D6355 - 07(2012) Standard Test Method for Human Repeat Insult Patch Testing of Medical Gloves
    D6499 - 12 Standard Test Method for The Immunological Measurement of Antigenic Protein in Natural Rubber and its Products
    D6976 - 13 Standard Specification for Rubber Contraceptives—Vaginal Diaphragms
    D6977 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application
    D6978 - 05(2013) Standard Practice for Assessment of Resistance of Medical Gloves to Permeation by Chemotherapy Drugs
    D7102 - 10 Standard Guide for Determination of Endotoxin on Sterile Medical Gloves
    D7103 - 06(2013) Standard Guide for Assessment of Medical Gloves
    D7160 - 05(2010) Standard Practice for Determination of Expiration Dating for Medical Gloves
    D7161 - 05(2010) Standard Practice for Determination of Real Time Expiration Dating of Mature Medical Gloves Stored Under Typical Warehouse Conditions
    D7198 - 05(2012) Standard Specification for Disposable Embalming Gloves for Single-Use Applications
    D7246 - 06(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Detection of Holes in Polyethylene Food Service Gloves
    D7329 - 07(2012) Standard Specification for Food Preparation and Food Handling (Food Service) Gloves
    D7427 - 14 Standard Test Method for Immunological Measurement of Four Principal Allergenic Proteins (Hev b 1, 3, 5 and 6.02) in Natural Rubber and Its Products Derived from Latex
    D7558 - 09 Standard Test Method for Colorimetric/Spectrophotometric Procedure to Quantify Extractable Chemical Dialkyldithiocarbamate, Thiuram, and Mercaptobenzothiazole Accelerators in Natural Rubber Latex and Nitrile Gloves
    D7661 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining Compatibility of Personal Lubricants with Natural Rubber Latex Condoms
    D7850 - 13 Standard Specification for Biological Properties of Industry Reference Materials (IRM)
    D7866 - 14 Standard Specification for Radiation Attenuating Protective Gloves
    D7907 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Bactericidal Efficacy on the Surface of Medical Examination Gloves

    Degradation Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D430 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration—Dynamic Fatigue
    D454 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration by Heat and Air Pressure
    D471 - 12a Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Effect of Liquids
    D572 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber-Deterioration by Heat and Oxygen
    D573 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber—Deterioration in an Air Oven
    D623 - 07(2014) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Heat Generation and Flexing Fatigue In Compression
    D750 - 12 Standard Practice for Rubber Deterioration Using Artificial Weathering Apparatus
    D813 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration—Crack Growth
    D865 - 11 Standard Test Method for Rubber - Deterioration by Heating in Air (Test Tube Enclosure)
    D925 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Staining of Surfaces (Contact, Migration, and Diffusion)
    D1052 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Measuring Rubber Deterioration—Cut Growth Using Ross Flexing Apparatus
    D1148 - 13 Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration—Discoloration from Ultraviolet (UV) or UV/Visible Radiation and Heat Exposure of Light-Colored Surfaces
    D1149 - 07(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration—Cracking in an Ozone Controlled Environment
    D1171 - 99(2007) Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration—Surface Ozone Cracking Outdoors or Chamber (Triangular Specimens)
    D1630 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Footwear Abrader)
    D2228 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Relative Abrasion Resistance by the Pico Abrader Method
    D3137 - 81(2013) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Hydrolytic Stability
    D4482 - 11 Test Method for Rubber Property - Extension Cycling Fatigue
    D4575 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Deterioration—Reference and Alternative Method(s) for Determining Ozone Level in Laboratory Test Chambers
    D5963 - 04(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Drum Abrader)
    D5964 - 07(2014) Standard Practice for Rubber IRM 901, IRM 902, and IRM 903 Replacement Oils for ASTM No. 1, ASTM No. 2, and ASTM No. 3 Oils

    Environment, Health, and Safety

    DesignationTitle
    D1619 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Sulfur Content
    D6602 - 13 Standard Practice for Sampling and Testing of Possible Carbon Black Fugitive Emissions or Other Environmental Particulate, or Both
    D7633 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black—Carbon Content
    D7662 - 13 Standard Test Method for Carbon Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
    D7679 - 13 Standard Test Method for Sulfur Content in Carbon Black Feedstock Oils
    D7771 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzo-α-Pyrene (BaP) Content in Carbon Black
    D7772 - 11 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black Extractables - Absorbance of Cyclohexane Extract

    Equipment, Facilities and Calibration

    DesignationTitle
    F377 - 03(2009) Standard Practice for Calibration of Braking/Tractive Measuring Devices for Testing Tires
    F457 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Speed and Distance Calibration of Fifth Wheel Equipped With Either Analog or Digital Instrumentation
    F551 / F551M - 09a Standard Practice for Using a 1.707-m [67.23-in.] Diameter Laboratory Test Roadwheel in Testing Tires
    F559 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Measuring Length of Road Test Courses Using a Fifth Wheel
    F811 - 02(2010) Standard Practice for Accelerometer Use in Vehicles for Tire Testing
    F1035 - 03(2008) Standard Practice for Use of Rubber-Cord Pie Disk to Demonstrate the Discernment Capability of a Tire X-ray Imaging System
    F1364 - 03(2010) Standard Practice for Use of a Calibration Device to Demonstrate the Inspection Capability of an Interferometric Laser Imaging Nondestructive Tire Inspection System

    Formed in Place Gaskets

    DesignationTitle
    F2523 - 13 Standard Practice for Blowout Resistance of Room-Temperature Vulcanized Elastomers

    Laboratory (Non-Vehicular) Testing

    DesignationTitle
    F414 - 09 Standard Test Method for Energy Absorbed by a Tire When Deformed by Slow-Moving Plunger
    F421 - 07(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Measuring Groove and Void Depth in Passenger Car Tires
    F724 - 94a(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Outdoor Evaluation of Tire Sidewall Component Cracking Resistance
    F762 / F762M - 08 Standard Test Method for Determining Change in Groove (or Void) Depth With Distance Traveled for Passenger Car Tires
    F870 - 94(2010) Standard Practice for Tread Footprints of Passenger Car Tires Groove Area Fraction and Dimensional Measurements
    F1016 - 07(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Linear Tire Treadwear Data Analysis
    F1112 - 06a(2010) Standard Test Method for Static Testing of Tubeless Pneumatic Tires for Rate of Loss of Inflation Pressure
    F1502 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Static Measurements on Tires for Passenger Cars, Light Trucks, and Medium Duty Vehicles
    F1971 - 12 Standard Test Method for Electrical Resistance of Tires Under Load On the Test Bench
    F2663 - 07a Standard Test Method for Bead Unseating of Tubeless Tires for Motor Vehicles with GVWR of 4536 kg (10 000 lb) or Less
    F2779 - 10 Standard Practice for Commercial Radial Truck-Bus Tires to Establish Equivalent Test Severity Between a 1.707-m (67.23-in.) Diameter Roadwheel and a Flat Surface
    F2838 - 10 Standard Practice for Accelerated Laboratory Aging of Radial Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires through Load Range E for the Laboratory Generation of Belt Separation
    F2869 - 10 Standard Practice for Radial Light Truck Tires to Establish Equivalent Test Severity Between a 1.707-m (67.23-in.) Diameter Rotating Roadwheel and a Flat Surface
    F3015 - 13 Standard Test Method for Accelerated Laboratory Roadwheel Generation of Belt Separation in Radial Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires through Load Range E

    Mechanical Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    F36 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Compressibility and Recovery of Gasket Materials
    F38 - 00(2014) Standard Test Methods for Creep Relaxation of a Gasket Material
    F145 - 72(2009) Standard Practice for Evaluating Flat-Faced Gasketed Joint Assemblies
    F147 - 87(2009) Standard Test Method for Flexibility of Non-Metallic Gasket Materials
    F152 - 95(2009) Standard Test Methods for Tension Testing of Nonmetallic Gasket Materials
    F434 - 93(2009) Standard Test Method for Blow-Out Testing of Preformed Gaskets
    F806 - 99a(2009) Standard Test Method for Compressibility and Recovery of Laminated Composite Gasket Materials
    F1087 - 02(2009) Standard Test Method for Linear Dimensional Stability of a Gasket Material to Moisture
    F1276 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Creep Relaxation of Laminated Composite Gasket Materials
    F1315 - 00(2014) Standard Test Method for Density of a Sheet Gasket Material
    F1574 - 03a(2009) Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Gaskets at Elevated Temperatures

    Natural Rubber

    DesignationTitle
    D1076 - 10 Standard Specification for Rubber-Concentrated, Ammonia Preserved, Creamed, and Centrifuged Natural Latex
    D1278 - 91a(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber from Natural Sources—Chemical Analysis
    D1485 - 07(2011) Standard Practice for Rubber from Natural Sources—Sampling and Sample Preparation
    D2227 - 96(2011) Standard Specification for Natural Rubber (NR) Technical Grades
    D2449 - 88(2011) Standard Specification for Rubber Bales From Natural Sources—Limit on Coating
    D3157 - 05(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Rubber from Natural Sources—Color
    D3184 - 11 Standard Practice for Rubber - Evaluation of NR (Natural Rubber)
    D3194 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Rubber From Natural Sources-Plasticity Retention Index (PRI)
    D7050 - 04(2014) Standard Practice for Rubber from Natural Sources—Sampling and Sorting Bales Based on Predicted Processing Properties

    Non-Carbon Black Components of Carbon Black

    DesignationTitle
    D1506 - 99(2013) Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Ash Content
    D1509 - 95(2012) Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—Heating Loss
    D1512 - 05(2012) Standard Test Methods for Carbon Black—pH Value
    D1514 - 04(2011) Standard Test Method for Carbon Black - Sieve Residue
    D1618 - 99(2011) Standard Test Method for Carbon Black Extractables - Transmittance of Toluene Extract
    D4527 - 99(2011) Standard Test Method for Carbon Black - Solvent Extractables
    D7724 - 11 Standard Test Method for Carbon Black - Non-Dispersible Matter by Mechanical Flushing (NDM)

    Physical Testing

    DesignationTitle
    D395 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Compression Set
    D412 - 06a(2013) Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers—Tension
    D531 - 00(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Pusey and Jones Indentation
    D575 - 91(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression
    D624 - 00(2012) Standard Test Method for Tear Strength of Conventional Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers
    D814 - 95(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property- Vapor Transmission of Volatile Liquids
    D832 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Rubber Conditioning For Low Temperature Testing
    D945 - 06(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression or Shear (Mechanical Oscillograph)
    D991 - 89(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Volume Resistivity Of Electrically Conductive and Antistatic Products
    D1053 - 92a(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Stiffening at Low Temperatures: Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    D1229 - 03(2008) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property-Compression Set at Low Temperatures
    D1329 - 08 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Rubber Property—Retraction at Lower Temperatures (TR Test)
    D1349 - 14 Standard Practice for Rubber—Standard Conditions for Testing
    D1415 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—International Hardness
    D1456 - 86(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Elongation at Specific Stress
    D1460 - 86(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Change in Length During Liquid Immersion
    D2136 - 02(2012) Standard Test Method for Coated Fabrics—Low-Temperature Bend Test
    D2137 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property - Brittleness Point of Flexible Polymers and Coated Fabrics
    D2240 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Durometer Hardness
    D2632 - 14 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience by Vertical Rebound
    D3183 - 10 Standard Practice for Rubber—Preparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products
    D3767 - 03(2008) Standard Practice for Rubber—Measurement of Dimensions
    D3847 - 01(2012) Standard Practice for Rubber—Directions for Achieving Subnormal Test Temperatures
    D5992 - 96(2011) Standard Guide for Dynamic Testing of Vulcanized Rubber and Rubber-Like Materials Using Vibratory Methods
    D6147 - 97(2008)e1 Standard Test Method for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomer—Determination of Force Decay (Stress Relaxation) in Compression
    D6601 - 12 Standard Test Method for Rubber Properties—Measurement of Cure and After-Cure Dynamic Properties Using a Rotorless Shear Rheometer
    D7121 - 05(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Resilience Using Schob Type Rebound Pendulum
    D7426 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Assignment of the DSC Procedure for Determining Tg of a Polymer or an Elastomeric Compound

    Processability Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D926 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Plasticity and Recovery (Parallel Plate Method)
    D1646 - 07(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Viscosity, Stress Relaxation, and Pre-Vulcanization Characteristics (Mooney Viscometer)
    D1917 - 03(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Shrinkage of Raw and Compounded Hot-Polymerized Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)
    D2084 - 11 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Vulcanization Using Oscillating Disk Cure Meter
    D2230 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Extrudability of Unvulcanized Compounds
    D3346 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Processability of Emulsion SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) With the Mooney Viscometer (Delta Mooney)
    D5099 - 08(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Measurement of Processing Properties Using Capillary Rheometry
    D5289 - 12 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Vulcanization Using Rotorless Cure Meters
    D6048 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Stress Relaxation Testing of Raw Rubber, Unvulcanized Rubber Compounds, and Thermoplastic Elastomers
    D6049 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property—Measurement of the Viscous and Elastic Behavior of Unvulcanized Raw Rubbers and Rubber Compounds by Compression Between Parallel Plates
    D6204 - 12 Standard Test Method for Rubber—Measurement of Unvulcanized Rheological Properties Using Rotorless Shear Rheometers
    D6746 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Green Strength and Stress Relaxation of Raw Rubber or Unvulcanized Compounds
    D7605 - 11 Standard Test Method for Thermoplastic Elastomers - Measurement of Polymer Melt Rheological Properties and Congealed Dynamic Properties Using Rotorless Shear Rheometers
    D7723 - 11 Standard Test Method for Rubber Property - Macro-Dispersion of Fillers in Compounds

    Rubber Adhesive Systems

    DesignationTitle
    D413 - 98(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Flexible Substrate
    D429 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property—Adhesion to Rigid Substrates
    D816 - 06(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Cements

    Rubber Hose and Belting

    DesignationTitle
    D378 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Rubber (Elastomeric) Conveyor Belting, Flat Type
    D380 - 94(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Hose
    D622 - 99(2012) Standard Test Methods for Rubber Hose for Automotive Air and Vacuum Brake System
    D3902 - 90(2012) Standard Test Method for Rubber Hose for Gas Diffusion of Liquefied Petroleum Gas

    Specifications for Gasket Materials

    DesignationTitle
    F1909 - 98(2012) Standard Specification for Preformed Open–Cell Sponge Rubber Pail and Drum Gaskets

    Synthetic Rubbers

    DesignationTitle
    D1417 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Latices-Synthetic
    D3185 - 06(2010) Standard Test Methods for Rubber-Evaluation of SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Including Mixtures With Oil
    D3186 - 07(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Mixed With Carbon Black or Carbon Black and Oil
    D3187 - 06(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of NBR (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Rubber)
    D3188 - 06(2010) Standard Test Methods for Rubber-Evaluation of IIR (Isobutene-Isoprene Rubber)
    D3189 - 06(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of Solution BR (Polybutadiene Rubber)
    D3190 - 06(2010) Standard Test Method for Rubber-Evaluation of Chloroprene Rubber (CR)
    D3403 - 07(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of IR (Isoprene Rubber)
    D3484 - 06(2010) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of Oil-Extended Solution BR (Polybutadiene Rubber)
    D3568 - 03(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Terpolymers) Including Mixtures With Oil
    D3848 - 03(2013) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of NBR (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene Copolymers) Mixed With Carbon Black
    D3896 - 07(2011) Standard Practice for Rubber From Synthetic Sources—Sampling
    D3958 - 06(2011) Standard Test Methods for Rubber—Evaluation of BIIR and CIIR (Halogenated Isobutene—Isoprene Rubber)
    D5605 - 94(2011) Standard Practice for Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)—Establishing Raw Mooney Viscosity Target Values

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    D1418 - 10a Standard Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices-Nomenclature
    D1566 - 14 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber
    D3853 - 12 Standard Terminology Relating to Rubber and Rubber Latices—Abbreviations for Chemicals Used in Compounding
    D5538 - 13 Standard Practice for Thermoplastic Elastomers—Terminology and Abbreviations

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    F118 - 13 Standard Definitions of Terms Relating to Gaskets

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    F538 - 13 Standard Terminology Relating to the Characteristics and Performance of Tires
    F1426 - 11 Standard Practice for Identifying Tire Tread Surface Irregular Wear Patterns Resulting from Tire Use
    F1806 - 97(2008) Standard Practice for Tire Testing Operations-Basic Concepts and Terminology for Reference Tire Use

    Vehicular Testing

    DesignationTitle
    E1136 - 14 Standard Specification for P195/75R14 Radial Standard Reference Test Tire
    F408 - 99(2008) Standard Test Method for Tires for Wet Traction in Straight-Ahead Braking, Using a Towed Trailer
    F1046 - 01(2008) Standard Guide for Preparing Artificially Worn Passenger and Light Truck Tires for Testing
    F1572 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Tire Performance Testing on Snow and Ice Surfaces
    F1649 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Wet Braking Traction Performance of Passenger Car Tires on Vehicles Equipped with Anti-Lock Braking Systems
    F1650 - 98(2014)e1 Standard Practice for Evaluating Tire Traction Performance Data Under Varying Test Conditions
    F1805 - 12 Standard Test Method for Single Wheel Driving Traction in a Straight Line on Snow- and Ice-Covered Surfaces
    F1922 - 98(2014) Standard Test Method for Tires, Pneumatic, Vehicular, Highway
    F1923 - 98(2014) Standard Test Method for Tires, Pneumatic, Low Speed, Off Highway
    F2493 - 14 Standard Specification for P225/60R16 97S Radial Standard Reference Test Tire
    F2803 - 09 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Rim Slip Performance of Tires and Wheels
    F2870 - 11 Standard Specification for 315/70R22.5 154/150L Radial Truck Standard Reference Test Tire
    F2871 - 11 Standard Specification for 245/70R19.5 136/134M Radial Truck Standard Reference Test Tire
    F2872 - 11 Standard Specification for 225/75R16C 116/114S M+S Radial Light Truck Standard Reference Test Tire

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards