Roofing Standards

    ASTM's roofing standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the dimensional, mechanical, and performance requirements of various forms of roofing systems. These systems are assembled in the uppermost part of building structures to provide protection and insulation from external elements such as rain, sunlight, and heat. These roofing standards are helpful in guiding product manufacturers, construction companies, architectural firms, and other producers and end-users of these parts and components in their proper fabrication and installation, as well as the possible hazards involved during these procedures.

    List of roofing standards developed by ASTM:


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    Bituminous Emulsions

    DesignationTitle
    D1187 / D1187M - 97(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Base Emulsions for Use as Protective Coatings for Metal
    D1227 - 13 Standard Specification for Emulsified Asphalt Used as a Protective Coating for Roofing
    D3423 / D3423M - 84(2011)e1 Standard Practice for Application of Emulsified Coal-Tar Pitch (Mineral Colloid Type)
    D3747 - 79(2007) Standard Specification for Emulsified Asphalt Adhesive for Adhering Roof Insulation
    D4866 / D4866M - 88(2011)e1 Standard Performance Specification for Coal Tar Pitch Emulsion Pavement Sealer Mix Formulations Containing Mineral Aggregates and Optional Polymeric Admixtures
    D5727 / D5727M - 00(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Emulsified Refined Coal Tar (Mineral Colloid Type)
    D6356 / D6356M - 98(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Gas Generation of Aluminum Emulsified Asphalt Used as a Protective Coating for Roofing
    D6805 - 02(2008) Standard Practice for Infrared (IR) Procedure for Determination of Aromatic/Aliphatic Ratio of Bituminous Emulsions
    D6945 / D6945M - 03(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Emulsified Refined Coal-Tar (Ready to Use, Commercial Grade)
    D6946 / D6946M - 13e1 Standard Specification for Emulsified Refined Coal-Tar (Driveway Sealer, Ready to Use, Primarily Residential Grade)
    D6948 / D6948M - 03(2011)e1 Standard Practice for Application of Refined Coal Tar (Ready to Use, Commercial Grade)

    Felts, Fabrics and Bituminous Sheet Materials

    DesignationTitle
    D146 / D146M - 04(2012)e1 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Bitumen-Saturated Felts and Woven Fabrics for Roofing and Waterproofing
    D173 / D173M - 03(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Bitumen-Saturated Cotton Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D226 / D226M - 09 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D227 / D227M - 03(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar-Saturated Organic Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D1327 / D1327M - 04(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Bitumen-Saturated Woven Burlap Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D1668 / D1668M - 97a(2014)e1 Standard Specification for Glass Fabrics (Woven and Treated) for Roofing and Waterproofing
    D2178 / D2178M - 13a Standard Specification for Asphalt Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D2626 / D2626M - 04(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated and Coated Organic Felt Base Sheet Used in Roofing
    D3909 / D3909M - 14 Standard Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Glass Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules
    D4601 / D4601M - 04(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass Fiber Base Sheet Used in Roofing
    D4830 / D4830M - 98(2014)e1 Standard Test Methods for Characterizing Thermoplastic Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D4897 / D4897M - 01(2009) Standard Specification for Asphalt-Coated Glass-Fiber Venting Base Sheet Used in Roofing
    D4990 - 97a(2013) Standard Specification for Coal Tar Glass Felt Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D5147 / D5147M - 14 Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Modified Bituminous Sheet Material
    D5665 / D5665M - 99a(2014)e1 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Fabrics Used in Cold-Applied Roofing and Waterproofing
    D5726 - 98(2013) Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Fabrics Used in Hot-Applied Roofing and Waterproofing
    D5849 / D5849M - 07(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Resistance of Modified Bituminous Roofing Membrane to Cyclic Fatigue (Joint Displacement)
    D6136 / D6136M - 97(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Kerosine Number of Unsaturated (Dry) Felt by Vacuum Method
    D6162 - 00a(2008) Standard Specification for Styrene Butadiene Styrene (SBS) Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Using a Combination of Polyester and Glass Fiber Reinforcements
    D6163 - 00(2008) Standard Specification for Styrene Butadiene Styrene (SBS) Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Using Glass Fiber Reinforcements
    D6164 / D6164M - 11 Standard Specification for Styrene Butadiene Styrene (SBS) Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Using Polyester Reinforcements
    D6221 / D6221M - 00(2014)e1 Standard Specification for Reinforced Bituminous Flashing Sheets for Roofing and Waterproofing
    D6222 / D6222M - 11 Standard Specification for Atactic Polypropylene (APP) Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Using Polyester Reinforcements
    D6223 / D6223M - 02(2009)e1 Standard Specification for Atactic Polypropylene (APP) Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Using a Combination of Polyester and Glass Fiber Reinforcements
    D6225 / D6225M - 98(2012)e1 Standard Test Method for Granule Cover of Mineral Surfaced Roofing
    D6298 - 13 Standard Specification for Fiberglass Reinforced Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene (SBS) Modified Bituminous Sheets with a Factory Applied Metal Surface
    D6509 / D6509M - 09 Standard Specification for Atactic Polypropylene (APP) Modified Bituminous Base Sheet Materials Using Glass Fiber Reinforcements
    D7051 - 05(2013) Standard Test Method for Cyclic Thermal Shock of SBS-Modified Bituminous Roofing Sheets with Factory-Applied Metal Surface
    D7379 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Strength of Modified Bitumen Sheet Material Laps Using Cold Process Adhesive

    Liquid Applied Polymeric Materials Used for Roofing and Waterproofing Membranes that are Directly Exposed to the Weather

    DesignationTitle
    C957 / C957M - 10 Standard Specification for High-Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane With Integral Wearing Surface
    C1127 - 01(2009) Standard Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane with an Integral Wearing Surface

    Nomenclature, Definitions and Editorial

    DesignationTitle
    D1079 - 13e1 Standard Terminology Relating to Roofing and Waterproofing
    D3105 - 08 Standard Index of Methods for Testing Elastomeric and Plastomeric Roofing and Waterproofing Materials

    Nonbituminous Organic Roof Coverings

    DesignationTitle
    D3468 / D3468M - 99(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Liquid-Applied Neoprene and Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D4434 / D4434M - 12 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Sheet Roofing
    D4637 / D4637M - 14e1 Standard Specification for EPDM Sheet Used In Single-Ply Roof Membrane
    D4811 / D4811M - 06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Nonvulcanized (Uncured) Rubber Sheet Used as Roof Flashing
    D5405 / D5405M - 98(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Conducting Time-to-Failure (Creep-Rupture) Tests of Joints Fabricated from Nonbituminous Organic Roof Membrane Material
    D6134 - 07(2013) Standard Specification for Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing Systems
    D6369 - 99(2006) Standard Guide for Design of Standard Flashing Details for EPDM Roof Membranes
    D6383 / D6383M - 99(2011)e1 Standard Practice for Time-to-Failure (Creep-Rupture) of Adhesive Joints Fabricated from EPDM Roof Membrane Material
    D6754 / D6754M - 10 Standard Specification for Ketone Ethylene Ester Based Sheet Roofing
    D6878 / D6878M - 13 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Polyolefin Based Sheet Roofing
    D7635 / D7635M - 10 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Thickness of Coatings Over Fabric Reinforcement
    E1918 - 06 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Surfaces in the Field
    E1980 - 11 Standard Practice for Calculating Solar Reflectance Index of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Opaque Surfaces

    Roofing Membrane Systems

    DesignationTitle
    D2523 - 13 Standard Practice for Testing Load-Strain Properties of Roofing Membranes
    D2829 - 07(2013) Standard Practice for Sampling and Analysis of Existing Built-Up Roof Systems
    D3617 - 07 Standard Practice for Sampling and Analysis of Built-Up Roof Systems During Application
    D3745 - 95(2006) Standard Practice for Installation of Prefabricated Asphalt Reservoir, Pond, Canal, and Ditch Liner (Exposed Type)
    D3746 - 85(2008) Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Bituminous Roofing Systems
    D4073 - 06(2013) Standard Test Method for Tensile-Tear Strength of Bituminous Roofing Membranes
    D4074 / D4074M - 11 Standard Test Method for Bitumen and Aggregate Content of Bitumen-Aggregate Mixtures From Roofing Samples
    D4932 / D4932M - 89(2014)e1 Standard Test Method for Fastener Rupture and Tear Resistance of Roofing and Waterproofing Sheets, Roll Roofing, and Shingles
    D5076 / D5076M - 13 Standard Test Method for Measuring Voids in Roofing and Waterproofing Membranes
    D5602 / D5602M - 11 Standard Test Method for Static Puncture Resistance of Roofing Membrane Specimens
    D5635 / D5635M - 11 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Puncture Resistance of Roofing Membrane Specimens
    D5636 / D5636M - 94(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Low Temperature Unrolling of Felt or Sheet Roofing and Waterproofing Materials
    D5683 / D5683M - 95(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Flexibility of Roofing and Waterproofing Materials and Membranes
    D6294 / D6294M - 13 Standard Test Method for Corrosion Resistance of Ferrous Metal Fastener Assemblies Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D6382 / D6382M - 99(2011)e1 Standard Practice for Dynamic Mechanical Analysis and Thermogravimetry of Roofing and Waterproofing Membrane Material
    D6510 - 00(2006) Standard Guide for Selection of Asphalt Used in Built-Up Roofing Systems
    D6630 - 08 Standard Guide for Low Slope Insulated Roof Membrane Assembly Performance
    D7053 / D7053M - 11 Standard Guide for Determining and Evaluating Causes of Water Leakage of Low-Sloped Roofs
    D7105 - 06(2013) Standard Test Method for Determining the Adhesive and Cohesive Strength Between Materials in Roofing or Waterproofing Membranes and Systems
    D7120 / D7120M - 10 Standard Guide for Evaluation and Preparation of Roof Membranes for Coating Application
    D7186 - 12 Standard Practice for Quality Assurance Observation of Roof Construction and Repair
    D7281 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Determining Water Migration Resistance Through Roof Membranes
    D7586 / D7586M - 11 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Air Intrusion in Low-Sloped Mechanically Attached Membrane Roof Assemblies
    D7636 / D7636M - 11 Standard Practice for Sampling and Analysis of Modified Bitumen Roof Systems
    D7655 / D7655M - 12 Standard Classification for Size of Aggregate Used as Ballast for Membrane Roof Systems
    D7954 / D7954M - 14 Standard Practice for Moisture Surveying of Roofing and Waterproofing Systems Using Non-Destructive Electrical Impedance Scanners

    Solvent-Bearing Bituminous Compounds for Roofing and Waterproofing

    DesignationTitle
    D41 / D41M - 11 Standard Specification for Asphalt Primer Used in Roofing, Dampproofing, and Waterproofing
    D43 / D43M - 00(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Coal Tar Primer Used in Roofing, Dampproofing, and Waterproofing
    D88 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Saybolt Viscosity
    D2822 / D2822M - 05(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Roof Cement, Asbestos Containing
    D2824 / D2824M - 13 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Pigmented Asphalt Roof Coatings, Nonfibered, and Fibered without Asbestos
    D3019 - 08 Standard Specification for Lap Cement Used with Asphalt Roll Roofing, Non-Fibered, Asbestos-Fibered, and Non-Asbestos-Fibered
    D3409 - 93(2008) Standard Test Method for Adhesion of Asphalt-Roof Cement to Damp, Wet, or Underwater Surfaces
    D3805 / D3805M - 97(2009) Standard Guide for Application of Aluminum-Pigmented Asphalt Roof Coatings
    D4479 / D4479M - 07(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Roof Coatings - Asbestos-Free
    D4586 / D4586M - 07(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Roof Cement, Asbestos-Free
    D5643 / D5643M - 06(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Coal Tar Roof Cement, Asbestos Free
    D6511 / D6511M - 06(2011)e1 Standard Test Methods for Solvent Bearing Bituminous Compounds
    D6753 / D6753M - 02(2009) Standard Specification for Coal Tar Adhesive
    E102 / E102M - 93(2009) Standard Test Method for Saybolt Furol Viscosity of Bituminous Materials at High Temperatures

    Spray Polyurethane Foam Roof Systems

    DesignationTitle
    D5469 / D5469M - 12 Standard Guide for Application of New Spray Applied Polyurethane Foam and Coated Roofing Systems
    D6694 / D6694M - 08(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Liquid-Applied Silicone Coating Used in Spray Polyurethane Foam Roofing Systems
    D6705 / D6705M - 04(2011)e1 Standard Guide for the Repair and Recoat of Sprayed Polyurethane Foam Roofing Systems
    D6947 / D6947M - 07(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Liquid Applied Moisture Cured Polyurethane Coating Used in Spray Polyurethane Foam Roofing System
    D7119 / D7119M - 13a Standard Guide for Sampling Spray Polyurethane Foam and Coating in Roofing
    D7425 / D7425M - 13 Standard Specification for Spray Polyurethane Foam Used for Roofing Applications

    Steep Roofing Products and Assemblies

    DesignationTitle
    D228 / D228M - 09(2014) Standard Test Methods for Sampling, Testing, and Analysis of Asphalt Roll Roofing, Cap Sheets, and Shingles Used in Roofing and Waterproofing
    D451 / D451M - 91(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Granular Mineral Surfacing For Asphalt Roofing Products
    D452 / D452M - 91(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Surfacing for Asphalt Roofing Products
    D1370 / D1370M - 12 Standard Test Method for Contact Compatibility Between Asphaltic Materials (Oliensis Test)
    D1669 / D1669M - 07(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Preparation of Test Panels for Accelerated and Outdoor Weathering of Bituminous Coatings
    D1670 / D1670M - 11 Standard Test Method for Failure End Point in Accelerated and Outdoor Weathering of Bituminous Materials
    D1970 / D1970M - 14 Standard Specification for Self-Adhering Polymer Modified Bituminous Sheet Materials Used as Steep Roofing Underlayment for Ice Dam Protection
    D2746 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Staining Tendency of Asphalt (Stain Index)
    D3018 / D3018M - 11 Standard Specification for Class A Asphalt Shingles Surfaced with Mineral Granules
    D3161 / D3161M - 14 Standard Test Method for Wind-Resistance of Steep Slope Roofing Products (Fan-Induced Method)
    D3462 / D3462M - 10a Standard Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made from Glass Felt and Surfaced with Mineral Granules
    D4798 / D4798M - 11 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous Materials (Xenon-Arc Method)
    D4799 / D4799M - 08(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Accelerated Weathering Test Conditions and Procedures for Bituminous Materials (Fluorescent UV, Water Spray, and Condensation Method)
    D4869 / D4869M - 05(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Organic Felt Underlayment Used in Steep Slope Roofing
    D4977 / D4977M - 03(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Granule Adhesion to Mineral Surfaced Roofing by Abrasion
    D5869 - 07a(2013) Standard Practice for Dark Oven Heat Exposure of Roofing and Waterproofing Materials
    D6380 / D6380M - 03(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)
    D6381 / D6381M - 08(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Asphalt Shingle Mechanical Uplift Resistance
    D6757 - 07(2013) Standard Specification for Underlayment Felt Containing Inorganic Fibers Used in Steep-Slope Roofing
    D7158 / D7158M - 11 Standard Test Method for Wind Resistance of Asphalt Shingles (Uplift Force/Uplift Resistance Method)
    D7349 / D7349M - 11 Standard Test Method for Determining the Capability of Roofing and Waterproofing Materials to Seal around Fasteners
    D7505 / D7505M - 10 Standard Specification for Self-Adhesive Polyester Fabric Reinforced Polymer Modified Asphalt Steep Slope Roll Roofing Surfaced with Mineral Granules
    D7530 / D7530M - 10 Standard Specification for Self-Adhesive Glass Fiber Fabric Reinforced Polymer Modified Asphalt Steep Slope Roll Roofing Surfaced with Mineral Granules

    Surfacing and Bituminous Materials for Membrane Waterproofing and Built-up Roofing

    DesignationTitle
    D4 - 86(2010) Standard Test Method for Bitumen Content
    D6 / D6M - 95(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Loss on Heating of Oil and Asphaltic Compounds
    D36 / D36M - 14e1 Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus)
    D312 - 00(2006) Standard Specification for Asphalt Used in Roofing
    D449 / D449M - 03(2014)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used in Dampproofing and Waterproofing
    D450 / D450M - 07(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar Pitch Used in Roofing, Dampproofing, and Waterproofing
    D1863 / D1863M - 05(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Mineral Aggregate Used on Built-Up Roofs
    D1864 / D1864M - 89(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Moisture in Mineral Aggregate Used on Built-Up Roofs
    D1865 / D1865M - 09 Standard Test Method for Hardness of Mineral Aggregate Used on Built-Up Roofs
    D2521 / D2521M - 76(2014)e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used in Canal, Ditch, and Pond Lining
    D3791 / D3791M - 11 Standard Practice for Evaluating the Effects of Heat on Asphalts
    D4402 / D4402M - 13 Standard Test Method for Viscosity Determination of Asphalt at Elevated Temperatures Using a Rotational Viscometer
    D4989 / D4989M - 90a(2014)e1 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity (Flow) of Roofing Bitumens Using the Parallel Plate Plastometer
    D5081 / D5081M - 90(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Aggregate Layer Hiding Power
    D5100 / D5100M - 95a(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Adhesion of Mineral Aggregate to Hot Bitumen
    D6152 / D6152M - 12 Standard Specification for SEBS-Modified Mopping Asphalt Used in Roofing
    D7654 / D7654M - 10 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used in Roofing Measured by Dynamic Shear Rheometer

    Sustainability

    DesignationTitle
    E2396 - 11 Standard Test Method for Saturated Water Permeability of Granular Drainage Media [Falling-Head Method] for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems
    E2397 - 11 Standard Practice for Determination of Dead Loads and Live Loads Associated with Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems
    E2398 - 11 Standard Test Method for Water Capture and Media Retention of Geocomposite Drain Layers for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems
    E2399 - 11 Standard Test Method for Maximum Media Density for Dead Load Analysis of Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems
    E2400 - 06 Standard Guide for Selection, Installation, and Maintenance of Plants for Green Roof Systems
    E2777 - 14 Standard Guide for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems
    E2788 - 11 Standard Specification for Use of Expanded Shale, Clay and Slate (ESCS) as a Mineral Component in the Growing Media and the Drainage Layer for Vegetative (Green) Roof Systems

    Waterproofing and Dampproofing Systems

    DesignationTitle
    C836 / C836M - 12 Standard Specification for High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane for Use with Separate Wearing Course
    C898 / C898M - 09 Standard Guide for Use of High Solids Content, Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane With Separate Wearing Course
    C981 - 05(2013) Standard Guide for Design of Built-Up Bituminous Membrane Waterproofing Systems for Building Decks
    C1250 - 05 Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membranes
    C1305 - 08 Standard Test Method for Crack Bridging Ability of Liquid-Applied Waterproofing Membrane
    C1306 - 08 Standard Test Method for Hydrostatic Pressure Resistance of a Liquid-Applied Waterproofing Membrane
    C1471 / C1471M - 05(2014)e1 Standard Guide for the Use of High Solids Content Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membrane on Vertical Surfaces
    C1522 - 05(2013) Standard Test Method for Extensibility After Heat Aging of Cold Liquid-Applied Elastomeric Waterproofing Membranes
    D5295 / D5295M - 14 Standard Guide for Preparation of Concrete Surfaces for Adhered (Bonded) Membrane Waterproofing Systems
    D5385 / D5385M - 93(2014)e1 Standard Test Method for Hydrostatic Pressure Resistance of Waterproofing Membranes
    D5843 / D5843M - 95(2014)e1 Standard Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Vulcanized Rubber Sheets Used in Waterproofing
    D5898 / D5898M - 96(2013) Standard Guide for Standard Details for Adhered Sheet Waterproofing
    D5957 - 98(2013) Standard Guide for Flood Testing Horizontal Waterproofing Installations
    D6451 / D6451M - 99(2014)e1 Standard Guide for Application of Asphalt Based Protection Board
    D6506 - 01(2009) Standard Specification for Asphalt Based Protection for Below-Grade Waterproofing
    D6622 - 01(2009) Standard Guide for Application of Fully Adhered Hot-Applied Reinforced Waterproofing Systems
    D6769 / D6769M - 02(2010)e1 Standard Guide for Application of Fully Adhered, Cold-Applied, Prefabricated Reinforced Modified Bituminous Membrane Waterproofing Systems
    D6950 / D6950M - 04(2012)e1 Standard Practice for Application of Heat Weldable Atactic Polypropylene (APP) Modified Bituminous Waterproofing Membranes Systems for New Building Decks
    D7492 / D7492M - 11 Standard Guide for Use of Drainage System Media with Waterproofing Systems
    D7832 / D7832M - 14 Standard Guide for Performance Attributes of Waterproofing Membranes Applied to Below-Grade Walls / Vertical Surfaces (Enclosing Interior Spaces)
    D7877 - 14 Standard Guide for Electronic Methods for Detecting and Locating Leaks in Waterproof Membranes

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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