Nondestructive Testing Standards

    ASTM's nondestructive testing standards provide guides for the appropriate methods and techniques used to detect and evaluate flaws in materials and objects without destroying the specimen at hand. Such tests include radiographic, ultrasonic, electromagnetic (eddy-current), X-ray, acoustic, and tomographic techniques. Detected flaws are evaluated for possible rejection due to nonconformance to set acceptance criteria. These nondestructive testing standards are instrumental to laboratories and a wide variety of industrial plants for examining a material's quality and, consequently, suitability for intended use.

    List of nondestructive testing standards developed by ASTM:


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    Acoustic Emission Method

    DesignationTitle
    E569 / E569M - 13 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Structures During Controlled Stimulation
    E650 / E650M - 12 Standard Guide for Mounting Piezoelectric Acoustic Emission Sensors
    E749 / E749M - 12 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring During Continuous Welding
    E750 - 10 Standard Practice for Characterizing Acoustic Emission Instrumentation
    E751 / E751M - 12 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring During Resistance Spot-Welding
    E976 - 10 Standard Guide for Determining the Reproducibility of Acoustic Emission Sensor Response
    E1067 / E1067M - 11 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Resin (FRP) Tanks/Vessels
    E1106 - 12 Standard Test Method for Primary Calibration of Acoustic Emission Sensors
    E1118 / E1118M - 11 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Reinforced Thermosetting Resin Pipe (RTRP)
    E1139 / E1139M - 12 Standard Practice for Continuous Monitoring of Acoustic Emission from Metal Pressure Boundaries
    E1211 / E1211M - 12 Standard Practice for Leak Detection and Location Using Surface-Mounted Acoustic Emission Sensors
    E1419 - 09 Standard Practice for Examination of Seamless, Gas-Filled, Pressure Vessels Using Acoustic Emission
    E1495 / E1495M - 12 Standard Guide for Acousto-Ultrasonic Assessment of Composites, Laminates, and Bonded Joints
    E1736 - 10 Standard Practice for Acousto-Ultrasonic Assessment of Filament-Wound Pressure Vessels
    E1781 / E1781M - 13 Standard Practice for Secondary Calibration of Acoustic Emission Sensors
    E1888 / E1888M - 12 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Pressurized Containers Made of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic with Balsa Wood Cores
    E1930 / E1930M - 12 Standard Practice for Examination of Liquid-Filled Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Metal Storage Tanks Using Acoustic Emission
    E1932 - 12 Standard Guide for Acoustic Emission Examination of Small Parts
    E2075 / E2075M - 10 Standard Practice for Verifying the Consistency of AE-Sensor Response Using an Acrylic Rod
    E2076 / E2076M - 10 Standard Practice for Examination of Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Fan Blades Using Acoustic Emission
    E2191 / E2191M - 10 Standard Practice for Examination of Gas-Filled Filament-Wound Composite Pressure Vessels Using Acoustic Emission
    E2374 - 10 Standard Guide for Acoustic Emission System Performance Verification
    E2478 - 11 Standard Practice for Determining Damage-Based Design Stress for Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastic (GFRP) Materials Using Acoustic Emission
    E2598 / E2598M - 13 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Cast Iron Yankee and Steam Heated Paper Dryers
    E2661 / E2661M - 10 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Plate-like and Flat Panel Composite Structures Used in Aerospace Applications
    E2863 - 12 Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Examination of Welded Steel Sphere Pressure Vessels Using Thermal Pressurization
    E2907 / E2907M - 13 Standard Practice for Examination of Paper Machine Rolls Using Acoustic Emission from Crack Face Rubbing

    Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE)

    DesignationTitle
    E1475 - 13 Standard Guide for Data Fields for Computerized Transfer of Digital Radiological Examination Data
    E2339 - 11 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE)
    E2663 - 11 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE) for Ultrasonic Test Methods
    E2699 - 13 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE) for Digital Radiographic (DR) Test Methods
    E2738 - 13e1 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE) for Computed Radiography (CR) Test Methods
    E2767 - 13 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE) for X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) Test Methods
    E2934 - 13 Standard Practice for Digital Imaging and Communication in Nondestructive Evaluation (DICONDE) for Eddy Current (EC) Test Methods

    Editorial Review

    DesignationTitle
    E1316 - 14 Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    Electromagnetic Method

    DesignationTitle
    E215 - 11 Standard Practice for Standardizing Equipment for Electromagnetic Testing of Seamless Aluminum-Alloy Tube
    E243 - 13 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes
    E309 - 11 Standard Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubular Products Using Magnetic Saturation
    E376 - 11 Standard Practice for Measuring Coating Thickness by Magnetic-Field or Eddy-Current (Electromagnetic) Testing Methods
    E426 - 12 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Seamless and Welded Tubular Products, Titanium, Austenitic Stainless Steel and Similar Alloys
    E566 - 14 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Sorting of Ferrous Metals
    E570 - 09 Standard Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel Tubular Products
    E571 - 12 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Nickel and Nickel Alloy Tubular Products
    E690 - 10 Standard Practice for In Situ Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Nonmagnetic Heat Exchanger Tubes
    E703 - 14 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Sorting of Nonferrous Metals
    E1004 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determining Electrical Conductivity Using the Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Method
    E1033 - 13 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy Current) Examination of Type F-Continuously Welded (CW) Ferromagnetic Pipe and Tubing Above the Curie Temperature
    E1312 - 09(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Ferromagnetic Cylindrical Bar Product Above the Curie Temperature
    E1571 - 11 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel Wire Rope
    E1606 - 09 Standard Practice for Electromagnetic (Eddy-Current) Examination of Copper Redraw Rod for Electrical Purposes
    E1629 - 12 Standard Practice for Determining the Impedance of Absolute Eddy-Current Probes
    E2096 / E2096M - 10 Standard Practice for In Situ Examination of Ferromagnetic Heat-Exchanger Tubes Using Remote Field Testing
    E2261 / E2261M - 12 Standard Practice for Examination of Welds Using the Alternating Current Field Measurement Technique
    E2337 / E2337M - 10 Standard Guide for Mutual Inductance Bridge Applications for Wall Thickness Determinations in Boiler Tubing
    E2338 - 11 Standard Practice for Characterization of Coatings Using Conformable Eddy-Current Sensors without Coating Reference Standards
    E2884 - 13e1 Standard Guide for Eddy Current Testing of Electrically Conducting Materials Using Conformable Sensor Arrays
    E2905 / E2905M - 13 Standard Practice for Examination of Mill and Kiln Girth Gear Teeth—Electromagnetic Methods
    E2928 / E2928M - 13 Standard Practice for Examination of Drillstring Threads Using the Alternating Current Field Measurement Technique

    Leak Testing Method

    DesignationTitle
    E432 - 91(2011) Standard Guide for Selection of a Leak Testing Method
    E493 / E493M - 11 Standard Practice for Leaks Using the Mass Spectrometer Leak Detector in the Inside-Out Testing Mode
    E498 / E498M - 11 Standard Practice for Leaks Using the Mass Spectrometer Leak Detector or Residual Gas Analyzer in the Tracer Probe Mode
    E499 / E499M - 11 Standard Practice for Leaks Using the Mass Spectrometer Leak Detector in the Detector Probe Mode
    E515 - 11 Standard Practice for Leaks Using Bubble Emission Techniques
    E908 - 98(2012) Standard Practice for Calibrating Gaseous Reference Leaks
    E1002 - 11 Standard Practice for Leaks Using Ultrasonics
    E1003 - 13 Standard Practice for Hydrostatic Leak Testing
    E1066 / E1066M - 12 Standard Practice for Ammonia Colorimetric LeakTesting
    E1603 / E1603M - 11 Standard Practice for Leakage Measurement Using the Mass Spectrometer Leak Detector or Residual Gas Analyzer in the Hood Mode
    E2024 / E2024M - 11 Standard Practice for Atmospheric Leaks Using a Thermal Conductivity Leak Detector
    E2930 - 13 Standard Practice for Pressure Decay Leak Test Method

    Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Methods

    DesignationTitle
    E125 - 63(2013) Standard Reference Photographs for Magnetic Particle Indications on Ferrous Castings
    E165 / E165M - 12 Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Examination for General Industry
    E433 - 71(2013) Standard Reference Photographs for Liquid Penetrant Inspection
    E709 - 14 Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing
    E1135 - 12 Standard Test Method for Comparing the Brightness of Fluorescent Penetrants
    E1208 - 10 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing Using the Lipophilic Post-Emulsification Process
    E1209 - 10 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing Using the Water-Washable Process
    E1210 - 10 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing Using the Hydrophilic Post-Emulsification Process
    E1219 - 10 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing Using the Solvent-Removable Process
    E1220 - 10 Standard Practice for Visible Penetrant Testing Using Solvent-Removable Process
    E1417 / E1417M - 13 Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing
    E1418 - 10 Standard Practice for Visible Penetrant Testing Using the Water-Washable Process
    E1444 / E1444M - 12 Standard Practice for Magnetic Particle Testing
    E2297 - 04(2010) Standard Guide for Use of UV-A and Visible Light Sources and Meters used in the Liquid Penetrant and Magnetic Particle Methods

    Nondestructive Testing Agencies

    DesignationTitle
    E543 - 13 Standard Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
    E1212 - 12 Standard Practice for Quality Management Systems for Nondestructive Testing Agencies
    E1359 - 12 Standard Guide for Evaluating Capabilities of Nondestructive Testing Agencies

    Radiology (Neutron) Method

    DesignationTitle
    E545 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determining Image Quality in Direct Thermal Neutron Radiographic Examination
    E748 - 02(2008) Standard Practices for Thermal Neutron Radiography of Materials
    E803 - 91(2013) Standard Test Method for Determining the L/D?Ratio of Neutron Radiography Beams
    E2003 - 10 Standard Practice for Fabrication of the Neutron Radiographic Beam Purity Indicators
    E2023 - 10 Standard Practice for Fabrication of Neutron Radiographic Sensitivity Indicators
    E2861 - 11 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Beam Divergence and Alignment in Neutron Radiologic Beams
    E2971 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determination of Effective Boron-10 Areal Density in Aluminum Neutron Absorbers using Neutron Attenuation Measurements

    Radiology (X and Gamma) Method

    DesignationTitle
    E94 - 04(2010) Standard Guide for Radiographic Examination
    E746 - 07(2014) Standard Practice for Determining Relative Image Quality Response of Industrial Radiographic Imaging Systems
    E747 - 04(2010) Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture and Material Grouping Classification of Wire Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
    E801 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination of Electronic Devices
    E999 - 10 Standard Guide for Controlling the Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Processing
    E1000 - 98(2009) Standard Guide for Radioscopy
    E1025 - 11 Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
    E1030 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Metallic Castings
    E1032 - 12 Standard Test Method for Radiographic Examination of Weldments
    E1079 - 10 Standard Practice for Calibration of Transmission Densitometers
    E1114 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Determining the Size of Iridium-192 Industrial Radiographic Sources
    E1161 - 09(2014) Standard Practice for Radiologic Examination of Semiconductors and Electronic Components
    E1165 - 12 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
    E1254 - 13 Standard Guide for Storage of Radiographs and Unexposed Industrial Radiographic Films
    E1255 - 09 Standard Practice for Radioscopy
    E1390 - 12 Standard Specification for Illuminators Used for Viewing Industrial Radiographs
    E1411 - 09 Standard Practice for Qualification of Radioscopic Systems
    E1416 - 09 Standard Test Method for Radioscopic Examination of Weldments
    E1441 - 11 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT) Imaging
    E1453 - 09 Standard Guide for Storage of Magnetic Tape Media that Contains Analog or Digital Radioscopic Data
    E1570 - 11 Standard Practice for Computed Tomographic (CT) Examination
    E1647 - 09 Standard Practice for Determining Contrast Sensitivity in Radioscopy
    E1672 - 12 Standard Guide for Computed Tomography (CT) System Selection
    E1695 - 95(2013) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Computed Tomography (CT) System Performance
    E1734 - 09 Standard Practice for Radioscopic Examination of Castings
    E1735 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Relative Image Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Exposed to X-Radiation from 4 to 25 MeV
    E1742 / E1742M - 12 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination
    E1814 - 14 Standard Practice for Computed Tomographic (CT) Examination of Castings
    E1815 - 08(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
    E1817 - 08(2014) Standard Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
    E1931 - 09 Standard Guide for X-Ray Compton Scatter Tomography
    E1935 - 97(2013) Standard Test Method for Calibrating and Measuring CT Density
    E2002 - 98(2009) Standard Practice for Determining Total Image Unsharpness in Radiology
    E2007 - 10 Standard Guide for Computed Radiography
    E2033 - 99(2013) Standard Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
    E2104 - 09 Standard Practice for Radiographic Examination of Advanced Aero and Turbine Materials and Components
    E2445 - 05(2010) Standard Practice for Qualification and Long-Term Stability of Computed Radiology Systems
    E2446 - 05(2010) Standard Practice for Classification of Computed Radiology Systems
    E2597 / E2597M - 14 Standard Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Digital Detector Arrays
    E2662 - 09 Standard Practice for Radiologic Examination of Flat Panel Composites and Sandwich Core Materials Used in Aerospace Applications
    E2698 - 10 Standard Practice for Radiological Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
    E2736 - 10 Standard Guide for Digital Detector Array Radiology
    E2737 - 10 Standard Practice for Digital Detector Array Performance Evaluation and Long-Term Stability
    E2903 - 13 Standard Test Method for Measurement of the Effective Focal Spot Size of Mini and Micro Focus X-ray Tubes

    Reference Radiological Images

    DesignationTitle
    E155 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Castings
    E186 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (2 to 4½-in. (50.8 to 114-mm)) Steel Castings
    E192 - 13 Standard Reference Radiographs of Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace Applications
    E242 - 01(2010) Standard Reference Radiographs for Appearances of Radiographic Images as Certain Parameters Are Changed
    E272 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for High-Strength Copper-Base and Nickel-Copper Alloy Castings
    E280 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Heavy-Walled (4½ to 12-in. (114 to 305-mm)) Steel Castings
    E310 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Tin Bronze Castings
    E390 - 11 Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel Fusion Welds
    E431 - 96(2011) Standard Guide to Interpretation of Radiographs of Semiconductors and Related Devices
    E446 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Steel Castings Up to 2 in. (50.8 mm) in Thickness
    E505 - 01(2011) Standard Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Die Castings
    E592 - 99(2009)e1 Standard Guide to Obtainable ASTM Equivalent Penetrameter Sensitivity for Radiography of Steel Plates 1/4 to 2 in. (6 to 51 mm) Thick with X Rays and 1 to 6 in. (25 to 152 mm) Thick with Cobalt-60
    E689 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Ductile Iron Castings
    E802 - 95(2010) Standard Reference Radiographs for Gray Iron Castings Up to 4 1/2 in. (114 mm) in Thickness
    E1320 - 10 Standard Reference Radiographs for Titanium Castings
    E1648 - 95(2011) Standard Reference Radiographs for Examination of Aluminum Fusion Welds
    E1936 - 03(2011) Standard Reference Radiograph for Evaluating the Performance of Radiographic Digitization Systems
    E1955 - 04(2009) Standard Radiographic Examination for Soundness of Welds in Steel by Comparison to Graded ASTM E 390 Reference Radiographs
    E2422 - 11 Standard Digital Reference Images for Inspection of Aluminum Castings
    E2660 - 11 Standard Digital Reference Images for Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace Applications
    E2669 - 11 Standard Digital Reference Images for Titanium Castings
    E2868 - 13 Standard Digital Reference Images for Steel Castings up to 2 in. (50.8 mm) in Thickness
    E2869 - 13 Standard Digital Reference Images for Magnesium Castings

    Specialized NDT Methods

    DesignationTitle
    E977 - 05(2014) Standard Practice for Thermoelectric Sorting of Electrically Conductive Materials
    E1213 - 97(2009) Standard Test Method for Minimum Resolvable Temperature Difference for Thermal Imaging Systems
    E1311 - 89(2010) Standard Test Method for Minimum Detectable Temperature Difference for Thermal Imaging Systems
    E1476 - 04(2014) Standard Guide for Metals Identification, Grade Verification, and Sorting
    E1543 - 00(2011) Standard Test Method for Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference of Thermal Imaging Systems
    E1862 - 97(2010) Standard Test Methods for Measuring and Compensating for Reflected Temperature Using Infrared Imaging Radiometers
    E1897 - 97(2010) Standard Test Methods for Measuring and Compensating for Transmittance of an Attenuating Medium Using Infrared Imaging Radiometers
    E1933 - 99a(2010) Standard Test Methods for Measuring and Compensating for Emissivity Using Infrared Imaging Radiometers
    E1934 - 99a(2014) Standard Guide for Examining Electrical and Mechanical Equipment with Infrared Thermography
    E2533 - 09 Standard Guide for Nondestructive Testing of Polymer Matrix Composites Used in Aerospace Applications
    E2581 - 07 Standard Practice for Shearography of Polymer Matrix Composites, Sandwich Core Materials and Filament-Wound Pressure Vessels in Aerospace Applications
    E2582 - 07 Standard Practice for Infrared Flash Thermography of Composite Panels and Repair Patches Used in Aerospace Applications
    E2775 - 11 Standard Practice for Guided Wave Testing of Above Ground Steel Pipework Using Piezoelectric Effect Transduction
    E2862 - 12 Standard Practice for Probability of Detection Analysis for Hit/Miss Data
    E2906 / E2906M - 13 Standard Practice for Acoustic Pulse Reflectometry Examination of Tube Bundles
    E2929 - 13 Standard Practice for Guided Wave Testing of Above Ground Steel Piping with Magnetostrictive Transduction

    Ultrasonic Method

    DesignationTitle
    E114 - 10 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Straight-Beam Contact Testing
    E127 - 10 Standard Practice for Fabricating and Checking Aluminum Alloy Ultrasonic Standard Reference Blocks
    E164 - 13 Standard Practice for Contact Ultrasonic Testing of Weldments
    E213 - 14 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Metal Pipe and Tubing
    E273 - 10 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of the Weld Zone of Welded Pipe and Tubing
    E317 - 11 Standard Practice for Evaluating Performance Characteristics of Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Testing Instruments and Systems without the Use of Electronic Measurement Instruments
    E428 - 08(2013) Standard Practice for Fabrication and Control of Metal, Other than Aluminum, Reference Blocks Used in Ultrasonic Testing
    E494 - 10 Standard Practice for Measuring Ultrasonic Velocity in Materials
    E587 - 10 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Angle-Beam Contact Testing
    E664 / E664M - 10 Standard Practice for the Measurement of the Apparent Attenuation of Longitudinal Ultrasonic Waves by Immersion Method
    E797 / E797M - 10 Standard Practice for Measuring Thickness by Manual Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Contact Method
    E1001 - 11 Standard Practice for Detection and Evaluation of Discontinuities by the Immersed Pulse-Echo Ultrasonic Method Using Longitudinal Waves
    E1065 / E1065M - 14 Standard Guide for Evaluating Characteristics of Ultrasonic Search Units
    E1158 - 14 Standard Guide for Material Selection and Fabrication of Reference Blocks for the Pulsed Longitudinal Wave Ultrasonic Testing of Metal and Metal Alloy Production Material
    E1324 - 11 Standard Guide for Measuring Some Electronic Characteristics of Ultrasonic Testing Instruments
    E1774 - 12 Standard Guide for Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducers (EMATs)
    E1816 - 12 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing Using Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer (EMAT) Techniques
    E1901 - 13 Standard Guide for Detection and Evaluation of Discontinuities by Contact Pulse-Echo Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Methods
    E1961 - 11 Standard Practice for Mechanized Ultrasonic Testing of Girth Welds Using Zonal Discrimination with Focused Search Units
    E1962 - 09 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Surface Testing Using Electromagnetic Acoustic Transducer (EMAT) Techniques
    E2001 - 13 Standard Guide for Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy for Defect Detection in Both Metallic and Non-metallic Parts
    E2192 - 13 Standard Guide for Planar Flaw Height Sizing by Ultrasonics
    E2223 - 13 Standard Practice for Examination of Seamless, Gas-Filled, Steel Pressure Vessels Using Angle Beam Ultrasonics
    E2373 / E2373M - 14 Standard Practice for Use of the Ultrasonic Time of Flight Diffraction (TOFD) Technique
    E2375 - 08(2013) Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Wrought Products
    E2479 - 11 Standard Practice for Measuring the Ultrasonic Velocity in Polyethylene Tank Walls Using Lateral Longitudinal (LCR) Waves
    E2491 - 13 Standard Guide for Evaluating Performance Characteristics of Phased-Array Ultrasonic Testing Instruments and Systems
    E2534 - 10 Standard Practice for Process Compensated Resonance Testing Via Swept Sine Input for Metallic and Non-Metallic Parts
    E2580 - 12 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Testing of Flat Panel Composites and Sandwich Core Materials Used in Aerospace Applications
    E2700 - 09 Standard Practice for Contact Ultrasonic Testing of Welds Using Phased Arrays
    E2904 - 12 Standard Practice for Characterization and Verification of Phased Array Probes

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards