Industrial Chemical Standards

    ASTM's industrial chemical standards are instrumental in the testing and evaluation of the physical and chemical properties of substances used or produced primarily in industrial applications, particularly in automotives. These chemicals, both organic and inorganic, are manufactured and employed for a variety of consumer goods including engine coolants, rubbers and plastics, and petroleum. These industrial chemical standards allow chemical industrial plants, material processing companies, product manufacturers, and other producers and users of such chemicals in their proper fabrication and treatment processes to ensure quality towards safe production and utilization.

    List of industrial chemical standards developed by ASTM:


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    Chemical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D1119 - 05(2009) Standard Test Method for Percent Ash Content of Engine Coolants
    D1121 - 11 Standard Test Method for Reserve Alkalinity of Engine Coolants and Antirusts
    D1123 - 99(2009) Standard Test Methods for Water in Engine Coolant Concentrate by the Karl Fischer Reagent Method
    D1287 - 11 Standard Test Method for pH of Engine Coolants and Antirusts
    D3634 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Trace Chloride Ion in Engine Coolants
    D5827 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Engine Coolant for Chloride and Other Anions by Ion Chromatography
    D6129 - 97(2007) Standard Test Method for Silicon in Engine Coolant Concentrates by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
    D6130 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Silicon and Other Elements in Engine Coolant by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
    D7304 - 06 Standard Test Method for Determination of Denatonium Ion in Engine Coolant by HPLC
    D7736 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Acids and Glycol Esters in Ethylene Glycol

    Diesel Exhaust Fluid

    DesignationTitle
    D7821 - 12 Standard Test Method for Field Test Determination of Urea Concentration in Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)

    Dynamometer and Road Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D2758 - 94(2009) Standard Test Method for Engine Coolants by Engine Dynamometer
    D2847 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Testing Engine Coolants in Car and Light Truck Service

    Editorial and Nomenclature

    DesignationTitle
    E1445 - 08 Standard Terminology Relating to Hazard Potential of Chemicals

    Explosibility and Ignitability of Dust Clouds

    DesignationTitle
    E1226 - 12a Standard Test Method for Explosibility of Dust Clouds
    E1491 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Minimum Autoignition Temperature of Dust Clouds
    E1515 - 07 Standard Test Method for Minimum Explosible Concentration of Combustible Dusts
    E2019 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Minimum Ignition Energy of a Dust Cloud in Air
    E2931 - 13 Standard Test Method for Limiting Oxygen (Oxidant) Concentration of Combustible Dust Clouds

    Extended Life Coolants

    DesignationTitle
    D7820 - 12 Standard Test Method for Engine Coolant Corrosion Protection Under Accelerated Thermal and Oxidizing Conditions Using a Rotating Pressure Vessel

    Flammability and Ignitability of Chemicals

    DesignationTitle
    E502 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Selection and Use of ASTM Standards for the Determination of Flash Point of Chemicals by Closed Cup Methods
    E582 - 07(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Minimum Ignition Energy and Quenching Distance in Gaseous Mixtures
    E659 - 14 Standard Test Method for Autoignition Temperature of Liquid Chemicals
    E681 - 09 Standard Test Method for Concentration Limits of Flammability of Chemicals (Vapors and Gases)
    E918 - 83(2011) Standard Practice for Determining Limits of Flammability of Chemicals at Elevated Temperature and Pressure
    E1232 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Temperature Limit of Flammability of Chemicals
    E2021 - 09(2013) Standard Test Method for Hot-Surface Ignition Temperature of Dust Layers
    E2079 - 07(2013) Standard Test Methods for Limiting Oxygen (Oxidant) Concentration in Gases and Vapors

    General Standards

    DesignationTitle
    D891 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Apparent, of Liquid Industrial Chemicals
    E70 - 07 Standard Test Method for pH of Aqueous Solutions With the Glass Electrode
    E200 - 08 Standard Practice for Preparation, Standardization, and Storage of Standard and Reagent Solutions for Chemical Analysis
    E202 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols
    E203 - 08 Standard Test Method for Water Using Volumetric Karl Fischer Titration
    E222 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Hydroxyl Groups Using Acetic Anhydride Acetylation
    E256 - 09 Standard Test Method for Chlorine in Organic Compounds by Sodium Peroxide Bomb Ignition
    E258 - 07 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Organic Materials by Modified Kjeldahl Method
    E291 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Caustic Soda and Caustic Potash (Sodium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide)
    E298 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Assay of Organic Peroxides
    E299 - 08 Standard Test Method for Trace Amounts of Peroxides In Organic Solvents
    E300 - 03(2009) Standard Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
    E394 - 09 Standard Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the 1,10-Phenanthroline Method
    E411 - 12 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine
    E538 - 98(2008) Standard Test Method for Mercury in Caustic Soda (Sodium Hydroxide) and Caustic Potash (Potassium Hydroxide)
    E1064 - 12 Standard Test Method for Water in Organic Liquids by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration
    E1090 - 08 Standard Test Method for Dicumyl Peroxide and Dicumyl Peroxide Decomposition Products in Resins
    E1228 - 09 Standard Test Method for Assay of Peroxy Esters-Catalyzed Iodometric Procedure
    E1456 - 08 Standard Specification for Caustic Potash; Solid (Potassium Hydroxide; Solid)
    E1547 - 09 Standard Terminology Relating to Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
    E1615 - 08 Standard Test Method for Iron in Trace Quantities Using the FerroZine Method
    E1787 - 08 Standard Test Method for Anions in Caustic Soda and Caustic Potash (Sodium Hydroxide and Potassium Hydroxide) by Ion Chromatography
    E1899 - 08 Standard Test Method for Hydroxyl Groups Using Reaction with p-Toluenesulfonyl Isocyanate (TSI) and Potentiometric Titration with Tetrabutylammonium Hydroxide

    Glassware Performance Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D1176 - 14 Standard Practice for Sampling and Preparing Aqueous Solutions of Engine Coolants or Antirusts for Testing Purposes
    D1384 - 05(2012) Standard Test Method for Corrosion Test for Engine Coolants in Glassware
    D1881 - 97(2009) Standard Test Method for Foaming Tendencies of Engine Coolants in Glassware
    D4340 - 10 Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Cast Aluminum Alloys in Engine Coolants Under Heat-Rejecting Conditions
    D4921 - 95(2012) Standard Test Method for Foaming Tendencies of Engine Coolants at Room Temperature
    D6208 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Repassivation Potential of Aluminum and Its Alloys by Galvanostatic Measurement
    D7437 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Temperature and Hard Water Stability of Engine Coolants

    Heavy Duty Coolants

    DesignationTitle
    D5828 - 97(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Compatibility of Supplemental Coolant Additives (SCAs) and Engine Coolant Concentrates
    D7583 - 09 Standard Test Method for John Deere Coolant Cavitation Test

    Non-Aqueous Coolants

    DesignationTitle
    D7840 - 12 Standard Test Method for Foaming Tendencies of Non-Aqueous Engine Coolants in Glassware

    Physical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D1120 - 11e1 Standard Test Method for Boiling Point of Engine Coolants
    D1122 - 13 Standard Test Method for Density or Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Engine Coolants By The Hydrometer
    D1177 - 12 Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aqueous Engine Coolants
    D1882 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Effect of Cooling System Chemical Solutions on Organic Finishes for Automotive Vehicles
    D3321 - 13 Standard Test Method for Use of the Refractometer for Field Test Determination of the Freezing Point of Aqueous Engine Coolants
    D5931 - 13 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Engine Coolant Concentrates and Aqueous Engine Coolants by Digital Density Meter
    D6660 - 01(2007) Standard Test Method for Freezing Point of Aqueous Ethylene Glycol Base Engine Coolants by Automatic Phase Transition Method

    Product Standards

    DesignationTitle
    E223 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Sulfuric Acid
    E224 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Hydrochloric Acid
    E346 - 08 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Methanol
    E359 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Soda Ash (Sodium Carbonate)
    E410 - 08 Standard Test Method for Moisture and Residue in Liquid Chlorine
    E449 - 08(2013) Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Calcium Chloride
    E475 - 10 Standard Test Method for Assay of Di-tert-Butyl Peroxide Using Gas Chromatography
    E506 - 08 Standard Test Method for Mercury in Liquid Chlorine
    E534 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Sodium Chloride
    E611 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Low Concentrations of Diethlyene Glycol in Ethylene Glycol by Gas Chromatography
    E649 - 00(2011) Standard Test Method for Bromine in Chlorine
    E755 - 08 Standard Test Method for Dicumyl Peroxide, Assay (Liquid Chromatography)
    E806 - 08 Standard Test Method for Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform in Liquid Chlorine by Direct Injection (Gas Chromatographic Procedure)
    E1119 - 09 Standard Specification for Industrial Grade Ethylene Glycol
    E1120 - 08 Standard Specification for Liquid Chlorine
    E1146 - 08 Standard Specification for Muriatic Acid (Technical Grade Hydrochloric Acid)
    E1178 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Acrylonitrile
    E1229 - 08 Standard Specification for Calcium Hypochlorite
    E1506 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Acid-Grade Calcium Fluoride (Fluorspar)
    E1584 - 11 Standard Test Method for Assay of Nitric Acid
    E1616 - 08 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Acetic Anhydride Using Gas Chromatography
    E1746 - 08 Standard Test Method for Sampling and Analysis of Liquid Chlorine for Gaseous Impurities
    E1754 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Water in Liquid Chlorine By Infrared Spectrophotometry
    E1784 - 08 Standard Test Method for Total Peroxides in Acrylonitrile
    E1786 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Water in Liquid Chlorine by On-Line Infrared Spectrophotometry
    E1788 - 08 Standard Test Method for Acidity in Acrylonitrile
    E1863 - 07 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Acrylonitrile by Gas Chromatography
    E2036 - 07 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen Trichloride in Liquid Chlorine by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
    E2037 - 07 Standard Test Method for Bromine Chloride in Liquid Chlorine by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
    E2193 - 08 Standard Test Method for Ultraviolet Transmittance of Monoethylene Glycol (Ultraviolet Spectrophotometric Method)
    E2313 - 08 Standard Test Method for Aldehydes in Mono-, Di-, and Triethylene Glycol (Spectrophotometric Method)
    E2409 - 13 Standard Test Method for Glycol Impurities in Mono-, Di-, Tri- and Tetraethylene Glycol and in Mono- and Dipropylene Glycol(Gas Chromatographic Method)
    E2469 - 08a Standard Test Method for Chloride in Mono-, Di- and Tri-ethylene Glycol by Ion Chromatography
    E2470 - 09 Standard Specification for Polyester Grade Ethylene Glycol
    E2664 - 09a Standard Test Method for Methanol Wall Wash of Marine Vessels Handling Polyester Grade Monoethylene Glycol
    E2679 - 09 Standard Test Method for Acidity in Mono-, Di-, Tri- and Tetraethylene Glycol by Non-Aqueous Potentiometric Titration
    E2680 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Appearance of Clear, Transparent Liquids (Visual Inspection Procedure)

    Recycled Engine Coolant

    DesignationTitle
    D6471 - 10 Standard Specification for Recycled Prediluted Aqueous Glycol Base Engine Coolant (50 Volume % Minimum) for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
    D6472 - 10 Standard Specification for Recycled Glycol Base Engine Coolant Concentrate for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
    D7713 - 12 Standard Specification for Aqueous Engine Coolant Grade Glycol (53% Nominal)

    Reference Test Materials

    DesignationTitle
    D3585 - 08(2013) Standard Specification for ASTM Reference Fluid for Coolant Tests

    Research and Long Range Planning

    DesignationTitle
    D7637 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Glycerin Assay by Titration (Sodium Meta Periodate)
    D7638 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fatty Acids and Esters in Glycerin
    D7715 - 12 Standard Specification for Fully-Formulated Glycerin Base Engine Coolant for Heavy-Duty Engines
    D7716 - 11a Standard Test Method for Determination of Residual Methanol in Glycerin by Gas Chromatography

    Simulated Service Tests

    DesignationTitle
    D2570 - 10 Standard Test Method for Simulated Service Corrosion Testing of Engine Coolants
    D2809 - 09 Standard Test Method for Cavitation Corrosion and Erosion-Corrosion Characteristics of Aluminum Pumps With Engine Coolants
    D3147 - 06(2013) Standard Test Method for Testing Stop-Leak Additives for Engine Coolants

    Specifications

    DesignationTitle
    D3306 - 11 Standard Specification for Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
    D4985 - 10 Standard Specification for Low Silicate Ethylene Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Heavy Duty Engines Requiring a Pre-Charge of Supplemental Coolant Additive (SCA)
    D5752 - 10 Standard Specification for Supplemental Coolant Additives (SCAs) for Use in Precharging Coolants for Heavy-Duty Engines
    D6107 - 97(2012) Standard Specification for Stop-Leak Additive for Engine Coolants Used in Light Duty Service
    D6210 - 10 Standard Specification for Fully-Formulated Glycol Base Engine Coolant for Heavy-Duty Engines
    D7388 - 08(2013) Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade 1,3-Propanediol (PDO)
    D7515 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Purity of 1,3-Propanediol (Gas Chromatographic Method)
    D7517 - 09(2014) Standard Specification for Fully-Formulated 1,3 Propanediol (PDO) Base Engine Coolant for Heavy-Duty Engines
    D7518 - 10 Standard Specification for 1,3 Propanediol (PDO) Base Engine Coolant for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
    D7640 - 11 Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycerin
    D7714 - 11 Standard Specification for Glycerin Base Engine Coolant for Automobile and Light-Duty Service
    E1177 - 09(2014) Standard Specification for Engine Coolant Grade Glycol

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    D4725 - 13 Standard Terminology for Engine Coolants and Related Fluids

    Thermal Stability and Condensed Phases

    DesignationTitle
    E487 - 14 Standard Test Method for Constant-Temperature Stability of Chemical Materials
    E537 - 12 Standard Test Method for The Thermal Stability of Chemicals by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
    E680 - 79(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Drop Weight Impact Sensitivity of Solid-Phase Hazardous Materials
    E698 - 11 Standard Test Method for Arrhenius Kinetic Constants for Thermally Unstable Materials Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry and the Flynn/Wall/Ozawa Method
    E1231 - 10 Standard Practice for Calculation of Hazard Potential Figures-of-Merit for Thermally Unstable Materials
    E1981 - 98(2012)e2 Standard Guide for Assessing Thermal Stability of Materials by Methods of Accelerating Rate Calorimetry
    E2012 - 06(2012) Standard Guide for the Preparation of a Binary Chemical Compatibility Chart
    E2046 - 14 Standard Test Method for Reaction Induction Time by Thermal Analysis
    E2781 - 11 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Methods for Determination of Kinetic Parameters by Thermal Analysis

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards