Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    ASTM's glass and ceramic standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of various materials and products made of glass, ceramic, or clay. These materials are fabricated for a variety of purposes including arts and aesthetics, foodware, whiteware, flooring and tiles, and other industrial applications. These glass and ceramic standards help materials science laboratories, material processing companies, product manufacturers, and other users of such materials and products in their proper fabrication and treatment procedures to ensure good quality and workmanship towards safe utilization.

    List of glass standards and ceramic standards developed by ASTM:


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    Applications

    DesignationTitle
    C1323 - 10 Standard Test Method for Ultimate Strength of Advanced Ceramics with Diametrally Compressed C-Ring Specimens at Ambient Temperature
    C1624 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Adhesion Strength and Mechanical Failure Modes of Ceramic Coatings by Quantitative Single Point Scratch Testing
    C1674 - 11 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics with Engineered Porosity (Honeycomb Cellular Channels) at Ambient Temperatures

    Ceramic Matrix Composites

    DesignationTitle
    C1275 - 10 Standard Test Method for Monotonic Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics with Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Test Specimens at Ambient Temperature
    C1292 - 10 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
    C1337 - 10 Standard Test Method for Creep and Creep Rupture of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics Under Tensile Loading at Elevated Temperatures
    C1341 - 13 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Composites
    C1358 - 13 Standard Test Method for Monotonic Compressive Strength Testing of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics with Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Test Specimens at Ambient Temperatures
    C1359 - 13 Standard Test Method for Monotonic Tensile Strength Testing of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics With Solid Rectangular Cross-Section Test Specimens at Elevated Temperatures
    C1360 - 10 Standard Practice for Constant-Amplitude, Axial, Tension-Tension Cyclic Fatigue of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
    C1425 - 13 Standard Test Method for Interlaminar Shear Strength of 1–D and 2–D Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures
    C1468 - 13 Standard Test Method for Transthickness Tensile Strength of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1469 - 10 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Joints of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1557 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength and Young's Modulus of Fibers
    C1773 - 13 Standard Test Method for Monotonic Axial Tensile Behavior of Continuous Fiber-Reinforced Advanced Ceramic Tubular Test Specimens at Ambient Temperature

    Ceramic Tile

    DesignationTitle
    C482 - 02(2009) Standard Test Method for Bond Strength of Ceramic Tile to Portland Cement Paste
    C484 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Thermal Shock Resistance of Glazed Ceramic Tile
    C485 - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring Warpage of Ceramic Tile
    C499 - 09 Standard Test Method for Facial Dimensions and Thickness of Flat, Rectangular Ceramic Wall and Floor Tile
    C501 - 84(2009) Standard Test Method for Relative Resistance to Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by the Taber Abraser
    C502 - 09 Standard Test Method for Wedging of Flat, Rectangular Ceramic Wall and Floor Tile
    C609 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Light Reflectance Value and Small Color Differences Between Pieces of Ceramic Tile
    C627 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Ceramic Floor Tile Installation Systems Using the Robinson-Type Floor Tester
    C648 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength of Ceramic Tile
    C650 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Resistance of Ceramic Tile to Chemical Substances
    C895 - 87(2009) Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from Glazed Ceramic Tile
    C1026 - 13 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Resistance of Ceramic and Glass Tile to Freeze-Thaw Cycling
    C1027 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determining Visible Abrasion Resistance of Glazed Ceramic Tile
    C1243 - 93(2009) Standard Test Method for Relative Resistance to Deep Abrasive Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by Rotating Disc
    C1378 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Determination of Resistance to Staining
    C1505 - 01(2007) Standard Test Method for Determination of Breaking Strength of Ceramic Tiles by Three-Point Loading

    Chemical Properties and Analysis

    DesignationTitle
    C146 - 94a(2009) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Glass Sand
    C169 - 92(2011) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass
    C225 - 85(2009) Standard Test Methods for Resistance of Glass Containers to Chemical Attack
    C429 - 01(2011) Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Raw Materials for Glass Manufacture
    C813 - 90(2009) Standard Test Method for Hydrophobic Contamination on Glass by Contact Angle Measurement
    C912 - 93(2013) Standard Practice for Designing a Process for Cleaning Technical Glasses

    Editorial and Teminology

    DesignationTitle
    C242 - 14 Standard Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products
    F109 - 12 Standard Terminology Relating to Surface Imperfections on Ceramics

    Flat Glass

    DesignationTitle
    C1036 - 11e1 Standard Specification for Flat Glass
    C1048 - 12e1 Standard Specification for Heat-Strengthened and Fully Tempered Flat Glass
    C1172 - 09e1 Standard Specification for Laminated Architectural Flat Glass
    C1279 - 13 Standard Test Method for Non-Destructive Photoelastic Measurement of Edge and Surface Stresses in Annealed, Heat-Strengthened, and Fully Tempered Flat Glass
    C1349 - 10 Standard Specification for Architectural Flat Glass Clad Polycarbonate
    C1376 - 10 Standard Specification for Pyrolytic and Vacuum Deposition Coatings on Flat Glass
    C1377 - 97(2009) Standard Test Method for Calibration of Surface/Stress Measuring Devices
    C1422 / C1422M - 10 Standard Specification for Chemically Strengthened Flat Glass
    C1443 - 99(2010) Standard Specification for Glasses, Portlight, Circular, Fully Tempered
    C1464 - 06(2011) Standard Specification for Bent Glass
    C1503 - 08(2013) Standard Specification for Silvered Flat Glass Mirror

    Glass Containers

    DesignationTitle
    C147 - 86(2010) Standard Test Methods for Internal Pressure Strength of Glass Containers
    C148 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Polariscopic Examination of Glass Containers
    C149 - 86(2010) Standard Test Method for Thermal Shock Resistance of Glass Containers
    C224 - 78(2009) Standard Practice for Sampling Glass Containers

    Glass Decoration

    DesignationTitle
    C675 - 91(2011) Standard Test Method for Alkali Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Returnable Beverage Glass Containers
    C676 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Detergent Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Glass Tableware
    C724 - 91(2010) Standard Test Method for Acid Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Architectural-Type Glass
    C735 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Acid Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Returnable Beer and Beverage Glass Containers
    C777 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Sulfide Resistance of Ceramic Decorations on Glass
    C824 - 91(2010) Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation for Determination of Linear Thermal Expansion of Vitreous Glass Enamels and Glass Enamel Frits by the Dilatometer Method
    C927 - 80(2009) Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from the Lip and Rim Area of Glass Tumblers Externally Decorated with Ceramic Glass Enamels
    C978 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Photoelastic Determination of Residual Stress in a Transparent Glass Matrix Using a Polarizing Microscope and Optical Retardation Compensation Procedures
    C1203 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Quantitative Determination of Alkali Resistance of a Ceramic-Glass Enamel

    Glass Pipe

    DesignationTitle
    C600 - 85(2010) Standard Test Method of Thermal Shock Test on Glass Pipe
    C601 - 85(2010) Standard Test Method for Pressure Test on Glass Pipe
    C1053 - 00(2010) Standard Specification for Borosilicate Glass Pipe and Fittings for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV) Applications
    C1509 - 02(2012) Standard Specification for Beaded Process Glass Pipe and Fittings

    Mechanical Properties and Performance

    DesignationTitle
    C1161 - 13 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1198 - 09(2013) Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance
    C1211 - 13 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures
    C1239 - 13 Standard Practice for Reporting Uniaxial Strength Data and Estimating Weibull Distribution Parameters for Advanced Ceramics
    C1259 - 14 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Young’s Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson’s Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Impulse Excitation of Vibration
    C1273 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Monolithic Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
    C1291 - 00a(2010) Standard Test Method for Elevated Temperature Tensile Creep Strain, Creep Strain Rate, and Creep Time-to-Failure for Advanced Monolithic Ceramics
    C1322 - 05b(2010) Standard Practice for Fractography and Characterization of Fracture Origins in Advanced Ceramics
    C1326 - 13 Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    C1327 - 08 Standard Test Method for Vickers Indentation Hardness of Advanced Ceramics
    C1361 - 10 Standard Practice for Constant-Amplitude, Axial, Tension-Tension Cyclic Fatigue of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperatures
    C1366 - 04(2013) Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Monolithic Advanced Ceramics at Elevated Temperatures
    C1368 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Slow Crack Growth Parameters of Advanced Ceramics by Constant Stress-Rate Strength Testing at Ambient Temperature
    C1421 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Fracture Toughness of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1424 - 10 Standard Test Method for Monotonic Compressive Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1465 - 08(2013)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Slow Crack Growth Parameters of Advanced Ceramics by Constant Stress-Rate Flexural Testing at Elevated Temperatures
    C1495 - 07(2012) Standard Test Method for Effect of Surface Grinding on Flexure Strength of Advanced Ceramics
    C1499 - 09(2013) Standard Test Method for Monotonic Equibiaxial Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature
    C1525 - 04(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Thermal Shock Resistance for Advanced Ceramics by Water Quenching
    C1576 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Determination of Slow Crack Growth Parameters of Advanced Ceramics by Constant Stress Flexural Testing (Stress Rupture) at Ambient Temperature
    C1683 - 10 Standard Practice for Size Scaling of Tensile Strengths Using Weibull Statistics for Advanced Ceramics
    C1684 - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature—Cylindrical Rod Strength

    Methods for Whitewares and Environmental Concerns

    DesignationTitle
    C329 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity of Fired Ceramic Whiteware Materials
    C368 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Ceramic Tableware
    C370 - 12 Standard Test Method for Moisture Expansion of Fired Whiteware Products
    C372 - 94(2012) Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Porcelain Enamel and Glaze Frits and Fired Ceramic Whiteware Products by the Dilatometer Method
    C373 - 14 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption, Bulk Density, Apparent Porosity, and Apparent Specific Gravity of Fired Whiteware Products, Ceramic Tiles, and Glass Tiles
    C408 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Thermal Conductivity of Whiteware Ceramics
    C424 - 93(2012) Standard Test Method for Crazing Resistance of Fired Glazed Whitewares by Autoclave Treatment
    C554 - 93(2011) Standard Test Method for Crazing Resistance of Fired Glazed Ceramic Whitewares by a Thermal Shock Method
    C584 - 81(2011) Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss of Glazed Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products
    C674 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Flexural Properties of Ceramic Whiteware Materials
    C738 - 94(2011) Standard Test Method for Lead and Cadmium Extracted from Glazed Ceramic Surfaces
    C773 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Compressive (Crushing) Strength of Fired Whiteware Materials
    C848 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio For Ceramic Whitewares by Resonance
    C849 - 88(2011) Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Ceramic Whitewares
    C949 - 80(2012) Standard Test Method for Porosity  in  Vitreous  Whitewares  by  Dye  Penetration
    C1023 - 10 Standard Practice for Labeling Ceramic Art Materials for Chronic Adverse Health Hazards
    C1300 - 95(2012) Standard Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Glaze Frits and Ceramic Whiteware Materials by the Interferometric Method
    C1466 - 00(2012) Standard Test Method for Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Determination of Lead and Cadmium Extracted from Ceramic Foodware
    C1510 - 01(2012) Standard Test Method for Color and Color Difference of Whitewares by Abriged Spectrophotometry
    C1545 - 02(2012) Practice for Dispersing Pigments and Other Materials into Water-Based Suspensions with a High Intensity Mixer
    C1605 - 04(2009) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Ceramic Whiteware Materials Using Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    C1606 - 10 Standard Test Method for Sampling Protocol for TCLP Testing of Container Glassware
    C1607 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of “Microwave Safe for Reheating” for Ceramicware
    D116 - 86(2011) Standard Test Methods for Vitrified Ceramic Materials for Electrical Applications
    D2442 - 75(2012) Standard Specification for Alumina Ceramics for Electrical and Electronic Applications

    Nomenclature and Definitions

    DesignationTitle
    C162 - 05(2010) Standard Terminology of Glass and Glass Products

    Nomenclature and Editorial

    DesignationTitle
    C1145 - 06(2013) Standard Terminology of Advanced Ceramics

    Optical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    C1648 - 12 Standard Guide for Choosing a Method for Determining the Index of Refraction and Dispersion of Glass
    C1649 - 08 Standard Practice for Instrumental Transmittance Measurement of Color for Flat Glass, Coated and Uncoated
    C1650 - 07 Standard Practice for Instrumental Reflectance Measurement of Color for Flat Glass, Coated, and Uncoated
    C1651 - 11 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Roll Wave Optical Distortion in Heat-Treated Flat Glass
    C1652 / C1652M - 06 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Distortion in Flat Glass Products Using Digital Photography of Grids

    Physical and Mechanical Properties

    DesignationTitle
    C158 - 02(2012) Standard Test Methods for Strength of Glass by Flexure (Determination of Modulus of Rupture)
    C336 - 71(2010) Standard Test Method for Annealing Point and Strain Point of Glass by Fiber Elongation
    C338 - 93(2013) Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Glass
    C598 - 93(2013) Standard Test Method for Annealing Point and Strain Point of Glass by Beam Bending
    C623 - 92(2010) Standard Test Method for Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poisson's Ratio for Glass and Glass-Ceramics by Resonance
    C657 - 93(2013) Standard Test Method for D-C Volume Resistivity of Glass
    C693 - 93(2013) Standard Test Method for Density of Glass by Buoyancy
    C729 - 11 Standard Test Method for Density of Glass by the Sink-Float Comparator
    C730 - 98(2013) Standard Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass
    C770 - 98(2013) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Glass Stress—Optical Coefficient
    C829 - 81(2010) Standard Practices for Measurement of Liquidus Temperature of Glass by the Gradient Furnace Method
    C965 - 96(2012) Standard Practice for Measuring Viscosity of Glass Above the Softening Point
    C1256 - 93(2013) Standard Practice for Interpreting Glass Fracture Surface Features
    C1350M - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Viscosity of Glass Between Softening Point and Annealing Range (Approximately 108 Pa·s to Approximately 1013 Pa·s) by Beam Bending (Metric)
    C1351M - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Viscosity of Glass Between 104 Pa·s and 108 Pa·s by Viscous Compression of a Solid Right Cylinder [Metric]
    C1426 - 09 Standard Practices for Verification and Calibration of Polarimeters
    F14 - 80(2010) Standard Practice for Making and Testing Reference Glass-Metal Bead-Seal
    F79 - 69(2010) Standard Specification for Type 101 Sealing Glass
    F105 - 72(2010) Standard Specification for Type 58 Borosilicate Sealing Glass
    F140 - 98(2013) Standard Practice for Making Reference Glass-Metal Butt Seals and Testing for Expansion Characteristics by Polarimetric Methods
    F144 - 80(2010) Standard Practice for Making Reference Glass-Metal Sandwich Seal and Testing for Expansion Characteristics by Polarimetric Methods
    F218 - 13 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Retardation and Analyzing Stress in Glass

    Physical Properties and Non-Destructive Evaluation

    DesignationTitle
    C1070 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by Laser Light Scattering
    C1175 - 99a(2010) Standard Guide to Test Methods and Standards for Nondestructive Testing of Advanced Ceramics
    C1212 - 98(2010) Standard Practice for Fabricating Ceramic Reference Specimens Containing Seeded Voids
    C1274 - 12 Standard Test Method for Advanced Ceramic Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption
    C1331 - 01(2012) Standard Test Method for Measuring Ultrasonic Velocity in Advanced Ceramics with Broadband Pulse-Echo Cross-Correlation Method
    C1332 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Ultrasonic Attenuation Coefficients of Advanced Ceramics by Pulse-Echo Contact Technique
    C1336 - 96(2014) Standard Practice for Fabricating Non-Oxide Ceramic Reference Specimens Containing Seeded Inclusions
    C1470 - 06(2013) Standard Guide for Testing the Thermal Properties of Advanced Ceramics
    C1494 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Mass Fraction of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Silicon Nitride Powder
    C1678 - 10 Standard Practice for Fractographic Analysis of Fracture Mirror Sizes in Ceramics and Glasses

    Raw Materials

    DesignationTitle
    C322 - 09 Standard Practice for Sampling Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C323 - 56(2011) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C324 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Free Moisture in Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C325 - 07(2014) Standard Guide for Wet Sieve Analysis of Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C326 - 09 Standard Test Method for Drying and Firing Shrinkages of Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C371 - 09 Standard Test Method for Wire-Cloth Sieve Analysis of Nonplastic Ceramic Powders
    C689 - 09 Standard Test Method for Modulus of Rupture of Unfired Clays
    C690 - 09 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by Electric Sensing Zone Technique
    C837 - 09 Standard Test Method for Methylene Blue Index of Clay
    C866 - 11 Standard Test Method for Filtration Rate of Ceramic Whiteware Clays
    C867 - 94(2014) Standard Test Method for Soluble Sulfate in Ceramic Whiteware Clays (Photometric Method)
    C925 - 09 Standard Guide for Precision Electroformed Wet Sieve Analysis of Nonplastic Ceramic Powders
    C958 - 92(2014) Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by X-Ray Monitoring of Gravity Sedimentation
    C1069 - 09 Standard Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption
    C1182 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determining the Particle Size Distribution of Alumina by Centrifugal Photosedimentation

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards