Forensic Science Standards

    ASTM's forensic science standards present the scientific methodologies employed in the course of forensic investigations, which are carried out in conjunction with criminal or civil legislations. Such investigations include document examination, gunshot residue analysis, psychophysiological detection of deception (polygraph) examinations, ignitable liquid residue extraction, non-volatile memory data collection, writing ink identification, and other practices. These practices involve the use of known laboratory tests such as gas chromatography, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and infrared spectroscopy. These forensic science standards are instrumental to forensic scientists and criminal investigators in guiding them with the standard procedures for carrying out such examinations.

    List of forensic science standards developed by ASTM:


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    Criminalistics

    DesignationTitle
    E1386 - 10 Standard Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Solvent Extraction
    E1388 - 12 Standard Practice for Sampling of Headspace Vapors from Fire Debris Samples
    E1412 - 12 Standard Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration With Activated Charcoal
    E1413 - 13 Standard Practice for Separation of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Dynamic Headspace Concentration
    E1588 - 10e1 Standard Guide for Gunshot Residue Analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy/ Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry
    E1610 - 14 Standard Guide for Forensic Paint Analysis and Comparison
    E1618 - 14 Standard Test Method for Ignitable Liquid Residues in Extracts from Fire Debris Samples by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
    E1843 - 96(2010) Standard Guide for Sexual Assault Investigation, Examination, and Evidence Collection
    E1967 - 11a Standard Test Method for the Automated Determination of Refractive Index of Glass Samples Using the Oil Immersion Method and a Phase Contrast Microscope
    E1968 - 11 Standard Guide for Microcrystal Testing in the Forensic Analysis of Cocaine
    E1969 - 11 Standard Guide for Microcrystal Testing in the Forensic Analysis of Methamphetamine and Amphetamine
    E2057 - 10 Standard Specifications for Preparation of Laboratory Analysis Requests in Sexual Assault Investigations
    E2123 - 10 Standard Practice for the Transmittal of Evidence in Sexual Assault Investigation
    E2124 - 10 Standard Practice for the Specification for Equipment and Supplies in Sexual Assault Investigations
    E2125 - 11 Standard Guide for Microcrystal Testing in the Forensic Analysis of Phencyclidine and Its Analogues
    E2154 - 01(2008) Standard Practice for Separation and Concentration of Ignitable Liquid Residues from Fire Debris Samples by Passive Headspace Concentration with Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME)
    E2224 - 10 Standard Guide for Forensic Analysis of Fibers by Infrared Spectroscopy
    E2225 - 10 Standard Guide for Forensic Examination of Fabrics and Cordage
    E2227 - 13 Standard Guide for Forensic Examination of Non-Reactive Dyes in Textile Fibers by Thin-Layer Chromatography
    E2228 - 10 Standard Guide for Microscopic Examination of Textile Fibers
    E2326 - 14 Standard Practice for Education and Training of Seized-Drug Analysts
    E2327 - 10 Standard Practice for Quality Assurance of Laboratories Performing Seized-Drug Analysis
    E2329 - 10 Standard Practice for Identification of Seized Drugs
    E2330 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Concentrations of Elements in Glass Samples Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) for Forensic Comparisons
    E2451 - 13 Standard Practice for Preserving Ignitable Liquids and Ignitable Liquid Residue Extracts from Fire Debris Samples
    E2548 - 11e1 Standard Guide for Sampling Seized Drugs for Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis
    E2549 - 14 Standard Practice for Validation of Seized-Drug Analytical Methods
    E2764 - 11 Standard Practice for Uncertainty Assessment in the Context of Seized-Drug Analysis
    E2808 - 11 Standard Guide for Microspectrophotometry and Color Measurement in Forensic Paint Analysis
    E2809 - 13 Standard Guide for Using Scanning Electron Microscopy/X-Ray Spectrometry in Forensic Paint Examinations
    E2881 - 13 Standard Test Method for Extraction and Derivatization of Vegetable Oils and Fats from Fire Debris and Liquid Samples with Analysis by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
    E2882 - 12 Standard Guide for Analysis of Clandestine Drug Laboratory Evidence
    E2926 - 13 Standard Test Method for Forensic Comparison of Glass Using Micro X-ray Fluorescence (µ-XRF) Spectrometry
    E2927 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Trace Elements in Soda-Lime Glass Samples Using Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry for Forensic Comparisons
    E2937 - 13 Standard Guide for Using Infrared Spectroscopy in Forensic Paint Examinations

    Digital and Multimedia Evidence

    DesignationTitle
    E2678 - 09(2014) Standard Guide for Education and Training in Computer Forensics
    E2763 - 10 Standard Practice for Computer Forensics
    E2825 - 12 Standard Guide for Forensic Digital Image Processing
    E2916 - 13 Standard Terminology for Digital and Multimedia Evidence Examination

    Ethics in Administration of PDD Tests

    DesignationTitle
    E2065 - 11 Standard Guide for Ethical Requirements for Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Examiners

    Examiner Education and Training

    DesignationTitle
    E2064 - 00(2014) Standard Guide for Minimum Continuing Education of Individuals Involved in Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD)
    E2162 - 07 Standard Guide for Minimum Continuing Education of Individuals Involved in Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Testing of Sex Offenders
    E2163 - 06(2014) Standard Guide for Minimum Training Requirements for Examiners Conducting Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Testing of Sex Offenders in Treatment, Probation or Other Similar Programs

    Executive

    DesignationTitle
    E444 - 09 Standard Guide for Scope of Work of Forensic Document Examiners
    E1658 - 08 Standard Terminology for Expressing Conclusions of Forensic Document Examiners
    E2195 - 09 Standard Terminology Relating to the Examination of Questioned Documents
    E2285 - 08 Standard Guide for Examination of Mechanical Checkwriter Impressions
    E2286 - 08a Standard Guide for Examination of Dry Seal Impressions
    E2287 - 09 Standard Guide for Examination of Fracture Patterns and Paper Fiber Impressions on Single-Strike Film Ribbons and Typed Text
    E2288 - 09 Standard Guide for Physical Match of Paper Cuts, Tears, and Perforations in Forensic Document Examinations
    E2289 - 08 Standard Guide for Examination of Rubber Stamp Impressions
    E2290 - 07a Standard Guide for Examination of Handwritten Items
    E2388 - 11 Standard Guide for Minimum Training Requirements for Forensic Document Examiners
    E2390 - 06 Standard Guide for Examination of Documents Produced with Toner Technology
    E2494 - 08 Standard Guide for Examination of Typewritten Items
    E2710 - 11e1 Standard Guide for Preservation of Charred Documents
    E2711 - 11 Standard Guide for Preservation of Liquid Soaked Documents
    E2765 - 11 Standard Practice for Use of Image Capture and Storage Technology in Forensic Document Examination

    General Practice

    DesignationTitle
    E2713 - 11 Standard Guide to Forensic Engineering

    Industrial Processes

    DesignationTitle
    E2292 - 14 Standard Guide for Field Investigation of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Incidents

    Instrumentation

    DesignationTitle
    E2063 - 12 Standard Practice for Calibration and Functionality Checks Used in Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations
    E2439 - 09 Standard Guide for Instrumentation, Sensors and Operating Software Used in Forensic Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations

    Interdisciplinary Forensic Science Standards

    DesignationTitle
    E620 - 11 Standard Practice for Reporting Opinions of Scientific or Technical Experts
    E678 - 07(2013) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Scientific or Technical Data
    E860 - 07(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Examining And Preparing Items That Are Or May Become Involved In Criminal or Civil Litigation
    E1020 - 13e1 Standard Practice for Reporting Incidents that May Involve Criminal or Civil Litigation
    E1188 - 11 Standard Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
    E1459 - 13 Standard Guide for Physical Evidence Labeling and Related Documentation
    E1492 - 11 Standard Practice for Receiving, Documenting, Storing, and Retrieving Evidence in a Forensic Science Laboratory

    Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD)

    DesignationTitle
    E2062 - 11 Standard Guide for PDD Examination Standards of Practice
    E2080 - 14 Standard Guide for Clinical Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (PDD) Examinations for Sex Offenders
    E2229 - 09 Standard Practices for Interpretation of Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Data
    E2324 - 04(2011) Standard Guide for PDD Paired Testing
    E2386 - 04(2011) Standard Guide for the Conduct of PDD Screening Examinations

    Quality Control

    DesignationTitle
    E2031 - 99(2010) Standard Practice for Quality Control of Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph) Examinations

    Research

    DesignationTitle
    E1954 - 05(2011) Standard Practice for Conduct of Research in Psychophysiological Detection of Deception (Polygraph)

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    E1732 - 12 Standard Terminology Relating to Forensic Science

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    E2035 - 12 Standard Terminology Relating to Forensic Psychophysiology

    Vehicular Incidents

    DesignationTitle
    E2493 - 07 Standard Guide for the Collection of Non-Volatile Memory Data in Evidentiary Vehicle Electronic Control Units

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards