Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    ASTM's fire and flammability standards are involved in the testing and evaluation of the ignition, burning, or combustion characteristics of certain materials. Most of these standards are inclined towards the testing of the flammability of interior and exterior building parts, as well as common household and commercial furniture. These fire and flammability standards are instrumental in the establishment of building codes, insurance requirements, and other fire regulations that govern the use of building materials, as well as in defining the appropriate criteria for the storage, handling, and transport of highly flammable substances.

    List of fire standards and flammability standards developed by ASTM:


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    Combustibility

    DesignationTitle
    E136 - 12 Standard Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750°C
    E2652 - 12 Standard Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Tube Furnace with a Cone-shaped Airflow Stabilizer, at 750°C

    External Fire Exposures

    DesignationTitle
    E108 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Roof Coverings
    E2632 / E2632M - 13e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Under-Deck Fire Test Response of Deck Materials
    E2707 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Penetration of Exterior Wall Assemblies Using a Direct Flame Impingement Exposure
    E2726 / E2726M - 12a Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Fire-Test-Response of Deck Structures to Burning Brands
    E2886 / E2886M - 14 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Ability of Exterior Vents to Resist the Entry of Embers and Direct Flame Impingement

    Fire Resistance

    DesignationTitle
    E119 - 12a Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    E814 - 13a Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Penetration Firestop Systems
    E1529 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Determining Effects of Large Hydrocarbon Pool Fires on Structural Members and Assemblies
    E1725 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Fire-Resistive Barrier Systems for Electrical System Components
    E1966 - 07(2011) Standard Test Method for Fire-Resistive Joint Systems
    E2032 - 09(2013) Standard Guide for Extension of Data From Fire Resistance Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM E?119
    E2226 - 12 Standard Practice for Application of Hose Stream
    E2307 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining Fire Resistance of Perimeter Fire Barrier Systems Using Intermediate-Scale, Multi-story Test Apparatus
    E2336 - 04(2013) Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Grease Duct Enclosure Systems
    E2748 - 12a Standard Guide for Fire-Resistance Experiments
    E2749 - 10(2014) Standard Practice for Measuring the Uniformity of Furnace Exposure on Test Specimens
    E2750 - 13e1 Standard Guide for Extension of Data from Penetration Firestop System Tests Conducted in Accordance with ASTM
    E2816 - 13a Standard Test Methods for Fire Resistive Metallic HVAC Duct Systems
    E2837 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Fire Resistance of Continuity Head-of-Wall Joint Systems Installed Between Rated Wall Assemblies and Nonrated Horizontal Assemblies
    E2912 - 13 Standard Test Method for Fire Test of Non-Mechanical Fire Dampers Used in Vented Construction

    Fire Safety Engineering

    DesignationTitle
    E1355 - 12 Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models
    E1546 - 09a Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards
    E1591 - 13 Standard Guide for Obtaining Data for Fire Growth Models
    E1776 - 13 Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Risk-Assessment Standards

    Furnishings and Contents

    DesignationTitle
    E1352 - 08a Standard Test Method for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Mock-Up Upholstered Furniture Assemblies
    E1353 - 08ae1 Standard Test Methods for Cigarette Ignition Resistance of Components of Upholstered Furniture
    E1537 - 13 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture
    E1590 - 13 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses
    E1822 - 13 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Stacked Chairs
    E2187 - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Ignition Strength of Cigarettes
    E2280 - 13 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of the Effect of Upholstered Seating Furniture Within Patient Rooms of Health Care Facilities
    E2335 - 12 Standard Guide for Laboratory Monitors
    E2653 - 09 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Fire Test Method with Fewer Than Six Participating Laboratories

    Smoke and Combustion Products

    DesignationTitle
    E603 - 13 Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments
    E662 - 13d Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    E800 - 07 Standard Guide for Measurement of Gases Present or Generated During Fires
    E906 / E906M - 14 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using a Thermopile Method
    E1354 - 14 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    E1474 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    E1623 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
    E1678 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring Smoke Toxicity for Use in Fire Hazard Analysis
    E1740 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate and Other Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Wall Covering or Ceiling Covering Composites Using a Cone Calorimeter
    E1995 - 12 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Smoke Obscuration Using a Conical Radiant Source in a Single Closed Chamber, With the Test Specimen Oriented Horizontally
    E2067 - 12 Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests
    E2102 - 14 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater
    E2257 - 13a Standard Test Method for Room Fire Test of Wall and Ceiling Materials and Assemblies

    Surface Burning

    DesignationTitle
    D2859 - 06(2011) Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor Covering Materials
    E84 - 14 Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    E162 - 13 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    E648 - 14c Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    E970 - 14 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Exposed Attic Floor Insulation Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    E1317 - 12 Standard Test Method for Flammability of Marine Surface Finishes
    E1321 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining Material Ignition and Flame Spread Properties
    E2058 - 13a Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Material Flammability Using a Fire Propagation Apparatus (FPA)
    E2231 - 14 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2404 - 13e1 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (Including Vinyl) Wall or Ceiling Coverings, and of Facings and Wood Veneers Intended to be Applied on Site Over a Wood Substrate, to Assess Surface Burning Charact
    E2573 - 12 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Site-Fabricated Stretch Systems to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2579 - 13 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Wood Products to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2599 - 11 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials for Building Applications to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2688 - 10 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Tapes to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2690 - 10e2 Standard Practice for Specimen Preparation and Mounting of Caulks and Sealants to Assess Surface Burning Characteristics
    E2768 - 11 Standard Test Method for Extended Duration Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)

    Terminology and Services / Functions

    DesignationTitle
    E176 - 14 Standard Terminology of Fire Standards
    E535 - 14 Standard Practice for Preparation of Fire-Test-Response Standards
    E2536 - 14 Standard Guide for Assessment of Measurement Uncertainty in Fire Tests

    Transportation

    DesignationTitle
    E2061 - 12 Standard Guide for Fire Hazard Assessment of Rail Transportation Vehicles
    E2230 - 13 Standard Practice for Thermal Qualification of Type B Packages for Radioactive Material
    E2574 / E2574M - 12a Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards