Cast Iron Standards

    ASTM's ferroalloy and casting standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of iron alloys and their castings. The iron castings can be of the ferritic, austenitic, gray, cupola, pearlitic, ductile, or malleable types. The end-products to which these materials are produced from include valves, flanges, pipe fittings, plumbing systems, sanitary pipes, and pressure vessels. These ferroalloy and casting standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of cast iron and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

    List of cast iron standards developed by ASTM:


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    Editorial Matters and Nomenclature

    DesignationTitle
    A644 - 14 Standard Terminology Relating to Iron Castings

    Gaskets and Coupling for Plumbing and Sewer Piping

    DesignationTitle
    A1045 - 10(2014) Standard Specification for Flexible Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Gaskets used in Connection of Vitreous China Plumbing Fixtures to Sanitary Drainage Systems
    A1056 - 12 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Couplings Used for Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
    C564 - 14 Standard Specification for Rubber Gaskets for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
    C1173 - 10(2014) Standard Specification for Flexible Transition Couplings for Underground Piping Systems
    C1277 - 14 Standard Specification for Shielded Couplings Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
    C1440 - 08(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Elastomeric (TPE) Gasket Materials for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV), Sewer, Sanitary and Storm Plumbing Systems
    C1460 - 12 Standard Specification for Shielded Transition Couplings for Use With Dissimilar DWV Pipe and Fittings Above Ground
    C1461 - 08(2013) Standard Specification for Mechanical Couplings Using Thermoplastic Elastomeric (TPE) Gaskets for Joining Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV), Sewer, Sanitary, and Storm Plumbing Systems for Above and Below Ground Use
    C1540 - 11 Standard Specification for Heavy Duty Shielded Couplings Joining Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
    C1541 - 12 Standard Specification for Shielded Transition Couplings Using Flexible Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Gaskets to Connect Dissimilar DWV Pipe and Fittings
    C1563 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Gaskets for Use in Connection with Hub and Spigot Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary Drain, Waste, Vent, and Storm Piping Applications

    Grey and White Iron Castings

    DesignationTitle
    A48 / A48M - 03(2012) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings
    A126 - 04(2014) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Valves, Flanges, and Pipe Fittings
    A159 - 83(2011) Standard Specification for Automotive Gray Iron Castings
    A278 / A278M - 01(2011) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts for Temperatures Up to 650°F (350°C)
    A319 - 71(2011) Standard Specification for Gray Iron Castings for Elevated Temperatures for Non-Pressure Containing Parts
    A436 - 84(2011) Standard Specification for Austenitic Gray Iron Castings
    A518 / A518M - 99(2012) Standard Specification for Corrosion-Resistant High-Silicon Iron Castings
    A532 / A532M - 10(2014) Standard Specification for Abrasion-Resistant Cast Irons
    A667 / A667M - 87(2012) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Dual Metal (Gray and White Cast Iron) Cylinders
    A748 / A748M - 87(2012) Standard Specification for Statically Cast Chilled White Iron-Gray Iron Dual Metal Rolls for Pressure Vessel Use
    A823 - 99(2012) Standard Specification for Statically Cast Permanent Mold Gray Iron Castings
    A834 - 95(2011) Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Iron Castings for General Industrial Use
    A942 / A942M - 95(2012)e1 Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast White Iron/Gray Iron Dual Metal Abrasion-Resistant Roll Shells

    Malleable and Ductile Iron Castings

    DesignationTitle
    A47 / A47M - 99(2014) Standard Specification for Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings
    A197 / A197M - 00(2011) Standard Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron
    A220 / A220M - 99(2014) Standard Specification for Pearlitic Malleable Iron
    A338 - 84(2014) Standard Specification for Malleable Iron Flanges, Pipe Fittings, and Valve Parts for Railroad, Marine, and Other Heavy Duty Service at Temperatures Up to 650°F (345°C)
    A395 / A395M - 99(2014) Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Pressure-Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated Temperatures
    A439 - 83(2009) Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings
    A476 / A476M - 00(2014) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings for Paper Mill Dryer Rolls
    A536 - 84(2014) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings
    A571 / A571M - 01(2011) Standard Specification for Austenitic Ductile Iron Castings for Pressure-Containing Parts Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
    A602 - 94(2014) Standard Specification for Automotive Malleable Iron Castings
    A842 - 11a Standard Specification for Compacted Graphite Iron Castings
    A874 / A874M - 98(2014) Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron Castings Suitable for Low-Temperature Service
    A897 / A897M - 06(2011) Standard Specification for Austempered Ductile Iron Castings

    Pipes and Tubes

    DesignationTitle
    A74 - 13a Standard Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings
    A377 - 03(2014) Standard Index of Specifications for Ductile-Iron Pressure Pipe
    A674 - 10(2014) Standard Practice for Polyethylene Encasement for Ductile Iron Pipe for Water or Other Liquids
    A716 - 08(2014) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Culvert Pipe
    A746 - 09(2014) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Gravity Sewer Pipe
    A861 - 04(2013) Standard Specification for High-Silicon Iron Pipe and Fittings
    A888 - 13a Standard Specification for Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary and Storm Drain, Waste, and Vent Piping Applications

    Testing

    DesignationTitle
    A247 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Microstructure of Graphite in Iron Castings
    A327 / A327M - 11 Standard Test Methods for Impact Testing of Cast Irons
    A367 - 11 Standard Test Methods of Chill Testing of Cast Iron

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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