Environmental Toxicology Standards

    ASTM.s environmental toxicology standards provide the proper procedures for carrying out tests and other evaluation procedures to assess and identify the potential impacts of certain substances on the species and constituents of the ecosystem to which the toxins were released. These toxins are released in the natural environment and are derived either from natural or synthetic pollutants. These environmental toxicology standards are valuable to environmental scientists and ecotoxicologists, and other environmentalist groups in implementing the appropriate measures to ensure overall prevention of the associated contamination risks.

    List of environmental toxicology standards developed by ASTM:


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    Antimicrobial Agents

    DesignationTitle
    E640 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Preservatives in Water-Containing Cosmetics
    E645 - 13 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Microbicides Used in Cooling Water Systems
    E723 - 13 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Antimicrobials as Preservatives for Aqueous-Based Products Used in the Paper Industry (Bacterial Spoilage)
    E875 - 10 Standard Test Method for Efficacy of Fungal Control Agents as Preservatives for Aqueous-Based Products Used in the Paper Industry
    E979 - 09 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents as Preservatives for Invert Emulsion and Other Water Containing Hydraulic Fluids
    E1052 - 11 Standard Test Method to Assess the Activity of Microbicides against Viruses in Suspension
    E1053 - 11 Standard Test Method to Assess Virucidal Activity of Chemicals Intended for Disinfection of Inanimate, Nonporous Environmental Surfaces
    E1054 - 08(2013) Standard Test Methods for Evaluation of Inactivators of Antimicrobial Agents
    E1115 - 11 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Surgical Hand Scrub Formulations
    E1153 - 14 Standard Test Method for Efficacy of Sanitizers Recommended for Inanimate, Hard, Nonporous Non-Food Contact Surfaces
    E1173 - 01(2009) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Preoperative, Precatheterization, or Preinjection Skin Preparations
    E1174 - 13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations
    E1259 - 10 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Antimicrobials in Liquid Fuels Boiling Below 390°C
    E1326 - 13 Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonconventional Microbiological Tests Used for Enumerating Bacteria
    E1327 - 07(2012)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Handwash Formulations by Utilizing Fingernail Regions
    E1428 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Performance of Antimicrobials in or on Polymeric Solids Against Staining by Streptoverticillium reticulum (A Pink Stain Organism)
    E1482 - 12 Standard Practice for Use of Gel Filtration Columns for Cytotoxicity Reduction and Neutralization
    E1589 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of First Aid Antiseptic Drug Products
    E1766 - 95(2007) Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Sterilization Processes for Reusable Medical Devices
    E1837 - 96(2007) Standard Test Method to Determine Efficacy of Disinfection Processes for Reusable Medical Devices (Simulated Use Test)
    E1838 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining the Virus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults
    E1839 - 13 Standard Test Method for Efficacy of Slimicides for the Paper Industry—Bacterial and Fungal Slime
    E1874 - 14 Standard Test Method for Recovery of Microorganisms From Skin using the Cup Scrub Technique
    E1882 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Antimicrobial Formulations by the Agar Patch Technique
    E1883 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Assessment of an Antibacterial Handwash Product by Multiple Basin Wash Technique
    E1891 - 10a Standard Guide for Determination of a Survival Curve for Antimicrobial Agents Against Selected Microorganisms and Calculation of a D-Value and Concentration Coefficient
    E2011 - 13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Formulations for Virus-Eliminating Activity Using the Entire Hand
    E2111 - 12 Standard Quantitative Carrier Test Method to Evaluate the Bactericidal, Fungicidal, Mycobactericidal, and Sporicidal Potencies of Liquid Chemicals
    E2149 - 13a Standard Test Method for Determining the Antimicrobial Activity of Antimicrobial Agents Under Dynamic Contact Conditions
    E2180 - 07(2012) Standard Test Method for Determining the Activity of Incorporated Antimicrobial Agent(s) In Polymeric or Hydrophobic Materials
    E2196 - 12 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown with Medium Shear and Continuous Flow Using Rotating Disk Reactor
    E2197 - 11 Standard Quantitative Disk Carrier Test Method for Determining the Bactericidal, Virucidal, Fungicidal, Mycobactericidal and Sporicidal Activities of Liquid Chemical Germicides
    E2274 - 09 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Laundry Sanitizers and Disinfectants
    E2275 - 14 Standard Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance
    E2276 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults
    E2314 - 03(2008) Standard Test Method for Determination of Effectiveness of Cleaning Processes for Reusable Medical Instruments Using a Microbiologic Method (Simulated Use Test)
    E2315 - 03(2008) Standard Guide for Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity Using a Time-Kill Procedure
    E2361 - 13 Standard Guide for Testing Leave-On Products Using In-Situ Methods
    E2362 - 09 Standard Practice for Evaluation of Pre-saturated or Impregnated Towelettes for Hard Surface Disinfection
    E2406 - 09 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Laundry Sanitizers and Disinfectants for Use in High Efficiency Washing Operations
    E2471 - 05(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Using Seeded-Agar for the Screening Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity In Carpets
    E2562 - 12 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown with High Shear and Continuous Flow using CDC Biofilm Reactor
    E2613 - 14 Standard Test Method for Determining Fungus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using Fingerpads of Adults
    E2614 - 08 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Cleanroom Disinfectants
    E2647 - 13 Standard Test Method for Quantification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown Using Drip Flow Biofilm Reactor with Low Shear and Continuous Flow
    E2720 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Effectiveness of Decontamination Procedures for Air-Permeable Materials when Challenged with Biological Aerosols Containing Human Pathogenic Viruses
    E2721 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Effectiveness of Decontamination Procedures for Surfaces When Challenged with Droplets Containing Human Pathogenic Viruses
    E2722 - 14 Standard Test Method for Using Seeded-Agar for the Screening Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity in Fabric and Air Filter Media
    E2752 - 10 Standard Guide for Evaluation of Residual Effectiveness of Antibacterial Personal Cleansing Products
    E2755 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hand Sanitizer Formulations Using Hands of Adults
    E2756 - 10 Standard Terminology Relating to Antimicrobial and Antiviral Agents
    E2783 - 11 Standard Test Method for Assessment of Antimicrobial Activity for Water Miscible Compounds Using a Time-Kill Procedure
    E2784 - 10 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Handwash Formulations Using the Paper Towel (Palmar) Method of Hand Contamination
    E2799 - 12 Standard Test Method for Testing Disinfectant Efficacy against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm using the MBEC Assay
    E2839 - 11 Standard Test Method for Production of Clostridium difficile Spores for Use in Efficacy Evaluation of Antimicrobial Agents
    E2870 - 13 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Relative Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Handwashing Formulations using the Palmar Surface and Mechanical Hand Sampling
    E2871 - 13 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Disinfectant Efficacy Against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Biofilm Grown in CDC Biofilm Reactor Using Single Tube Method
    E2894 - 13 Standard Test Method for Applying Aerosolized Bacillus Spores as Dry Inocula to Inanimate Surfaces
    E2895 - 13 Standard Test Method for Producing High Titers of Viable and Semi-Purified Spores of Clostridium difficile using a Liquid Medium
    E2896 - 12 Standard Test Method for Quantitative Petri Plate Method (QPM) for Determining the Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Towelettes
    E2897 - 12 Standard Guide for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Hand Hygiene Topical Antimicrobial Products using ex vivo Porcine Skin
    E2946 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Reducing Effectiveness of Food-Handler Handwash Formulations Using Hands of Adults
    E2966 - 14 Standard Test Method for Quantitative Assessment of Sanitizing Solutions for Carpet

    Control

    DesignationTitle
    F625 / F625M - 94(2011)e2 Standard Practice for Classifying Water Bodies for Spill Control Systems
    F715 - 07(2012) Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics Used for Oil Spill Control and Storage
    F818 - 93(2009) Standard Terminology Relating to Spill Response Barriers
    F962 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Oil Spill Response Boom Connection: Z-Connector
    F1093 - 99(2012) Standard Test Methods for Tensile Strength Characteristics of Oil Spill Response Boom
    F1523 - 94(2013) Standard Guide for Selection of Booms in Accordance With Water Body Classifications
    F1599 - 95(2014) Standard Guide for Collecting Performance Data on Temporary Storage Devices
    F1657 / F1657M - 96(2012)e1 Standard Practice for Emergency Joining of Booms with Incompatible Connectors
    F2084 / F2084M - 01(2012)e1 Standard Guide for Collecting Containment Boom Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    F2438 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Oil Spill Response Boom Connection: Slide Connector
    F2682 - 07(2012)e1 Standard Guide for Determining the Buoyancy to Weight Ratio of Oil Spill Containment Boom
    F2683 - 11 Standard Guide for Selection of Booms for Oil-Spill Response

    In-Situ Burning

    DesignationTitle
    F1788 - 14 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water: Environmental and Operational Considerations
    F1990 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Spilled Oil: Ignition Devices
    F2152 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Spilled Oil: Fire-Resistant Boom
    F2230 - 08 Standard Guide for In-situ Burning of Oil Spills on Water: Ice Conditions
    F2533 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil in Ships or Other Vessels
    F2823 - 10 Standard Guide for In-Situ Burning of Oil Spills in Marshes

    Initial Response Actions

    DesignationTitle
    F1011 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for Developing a Hazardous Materials Training Curriculum for Initial Response Personnel
    F1129 / F1129M - 12 Standard Guide for Using Aqueous Foams to Control the Vapor Hazard from Immiscible Volatile Liquids

    Insect Control Agents

    DesignationTitle
    E652 - 91(2009) Standard Test Method for Nonresidual Liquid Household Insecticides Against Flying Insects
    E653 - 91(2009) Standard Test Method for Effectiveness of Aerosol and Pressurized Space Spray Insecticides Against Flying Insects
    E654 - 96(2009) Standard Test Method for Effectiveness of Aerosol and Pressurized Spray Insecticides Against Cockroaches
    E938 / E938M - 12 Standard Test Method for Effectiveness of Liquid, Gel, Cream, or Shampoo Insecticides Against Adult Human Lice
    E939 - 94(2012) Standard Test Method of Field Testing Topical Applications of Compounds as Repellents for Medically Important and Pest Arthropods (Including Insects, Ticks, and Mites):I Mosquitoes
    E951 - 94(2006) Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Testing of Non-Commercial Mosquito Repellent Formulations On the Skin
    E1517 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Effectiveness of Liquid, Gel, Cream, or Shampoo Insecticides Against Human Louse Ova

    Mitigation Actions

    DesignationTitle
    F716 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Sorbent Performance of Absorbents
    F726 - 12 Standard Test Method for Sorbent Performance of Adsorbents
    F1127 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for Containment of Hazardous Material Spills by Emergency Response Personnel
    F1524 - 95(2013) Standard Guide for Use of Advanced Oxidation Process for the Mitigation of Chemical Spills
    F1525 / F1525M - 09 Standard Guide for Use of Membrane Technology in Mitigating Hazardous Chemical Spills

    Natural Multi-Cellular (Metazoan) Biological Control Organisms

    DesignationTitle
    E2198 - 10 Specification for Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acarina:Phytoseiidae)
    E2199 - 08e1 Standard Specification for Encarsia formosa Gahan (Hymenoptera:Aphelinidae)
    E2360 - 04(2010) Specification for Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
    E2615 - 08 Standard Specification for Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
    E2643 - 09 Standard Terminology Relating to Natural Multi-Cellular Biological Control Organisms
    E2644 - 08 Standard Specification for Podisus maculiventris (Say) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
    E2645 - 08 Standard Specification for Feltiella acarisuga (Vallot) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
    E2646 - 08 Standard Specification for Amblyseius cucumeris (=Neoseiulus) Oudemans (Acarina: Phytoseiidae)
    E2753 - 10 Standard Specification for Eretmocerus eremicus Rose and Zolnerowich (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae)
    E2754 - 10 Standard Specification for Delphastus catalinae (Horn) (Coleoptera:Coccinellidae)

    Pesticide Formulations and Delivery Systems

    DesignationTitle
    E549 - 87(2008) Standard Guide for Preparing Field Sprayer Calibration Procedures
    E550 - 87(2014) Standard Guide for Preparing Granular Pesticide Ground Applicator Calibration Procedures
    E609 - 10 Standard Terminology Relating to Pesticides
    E641 - 01(2012)e1 Standard Methods for Testing Hydraulic Spray Nozzles Used in Agriculture
    E642 - 91(2008) Standard Practice for Determining Application Rates and Distribution Patterns from Aerial Application Equipment
    E725 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Sampling Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides
    E726 - 01(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides
    E727 / E727M - 08(2013) Standard Test Methods for Determining Bulk Density of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides
    E728 - 91(2009) Standard Test Method for Resistance to Attrition of Granular Carriers and Granular Pesticides
    E1102 - 91(2009) Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Chemical Application
    E1116 - 98(2008) Standard Test Method for Emulsification Characteristics of Pesticide Emulsifiable Concentrates
    E1518 - 05(2012) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Physical Compatibility of Pesticides in Aqueous Tank Mixtures by the Dynamic Shaker Method
    E1519 - 13 Standard Terminology Relating to Agricultural Tank Mix Adjuvants
    E1520 - 99(2009) Standard Test Method for Particle Counts Per Pound of Granular Carriers and Dry-Applied Granular Formulations
    E1521 - 14 Standard Test Method for Liquid Holding Capacity of Granular Carriers
    E1673 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Percent Suspensibility
    E1910 / E1910M - 04(2009) Test Method for Agricultural pH Control Agents
    E1945 - 02(2008) Standard Test Method for Percent Dispersibility
    E2043 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter of Agricultural Adjuvant Solutions by Thermogravimetry
    E2044 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Spreading of Liquid Agricultural Spray Mixtures
    E2316 - 03(2014) Standard Test Method for Determination of Particles Resulting from the Attrition of Granular Pesticides
    E2407 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Effectiveness of Defoaming Agents
    E2408 - 04(2009) Standard Test Method for Relative Extensional Viscosity of Agricultural Spray Tank Mixes
    E2686 - 09 Standard Test Method for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Solvents Absorbed/Adsorbed By Simulated Soil Impacted by Pesticide Emulsifiable Concentrate (EC) Applications
    E2798 - 11 Standard Test Method for Characterization of Performance of Pesticide Spray Drift Reduction Adjuvants for Ground Application
    E2880 - 14 Standard Terminology Related to Biorationals
    E2945 - 14 Standard Test Method for Film Permeability Determination Using Static Permeability Cells

    Removal

    DesignationTitle
    F631 - 99(2008) Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments
    F1084 - 08(2013) Standard Guide for Sampling Oil/Water Mixtures for Oil Spill Recovery Equipment
    F1607 - 95(2013) Standard Guide for Reporting of Test Performance Data for Oil Spill Response Pumps
    F1778 - 97(2008) Standard Guide for Selection of Skimmers for Oil-Spill Response
    F1780 - 97(2010) Standard Guide for Estimating Oil Spill Recovery System Effectiveness
    F2008 - 00(2012)e1 Standard Guide for Qualitative Observations of Skimmer Performance
    F2709 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determining Nameplate Recovery Rate of Stationary Oil Skimmer Systems

    Shoreline Countermeasures

    DesignationTitle
    F1686 - 09e1 Standard Guide for Surveys to Document and Assess Oiling Conditions on Shorelines
    F1687 - 09 Standard Guide for Terminology and Indices to Describe Oiling Conditions on Shorelines
    F2204 - 09 Standard Guide for Describing Shoreline Response Techniques
    F2464 - 12 Standard Guide for Cleaning of Various Oiled Shorelines and Habitats

    Surveillance and Tracking

    DesignationTitle
    F1779 - 08(2014) Standard Practice for Reporting Visual Observations of Oil on Water
    F2067 - 13 Standard Practice for Development and Use of Oil-Spill Trajectory Models
    F2327 - 08 Standard Guide for Selection of Airborne Remote Sensing Systems for Detection and Monitoring of Oil on Water
    F2534 - 12 Standard Guide for Visually Estimating Oil Spill Thickness on Water
    F2926 - 12 Standard Guide for Selection and Operation of Vessel-mounted Camera Systems

    Treatment

    DesignationTitle
    F1209 - 14 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Ponds and Sloughs
    F1210 - 14 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Lakes and Large Water Bodies
    F1231 - 14 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Oil Spill Dispersants in Freshwater and Other Inland Environments, Rivers and Creeks
    F1279 - 08(2014) Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Restriction of the Use of Surface Washing Agents: Permeable Land Surfaces
    F1280 - 14 Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Surface Washing Agents: Impermeable Surfaces
    F1413 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment: Boom and Nozzle Systems
    F1460 - 07(2013) Standard Practice for Calibrating Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment Boom and Nozzle Systems
    F1693 - 13 Standard Guide for Consideration of Bioremediation as an Oil Spill Response Method on Land
    F1737 / F1737M - 10 Standard Guide for Use of Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment During Spill Response: Boom and Nozzle Systems
    F1738 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Deposition of Aerially Applied Oil Spill Dispersants
    F1872 - 12 Standard Guide for Use of Chemical Shoreline Cleaning Agents: Environmental and Operational Considerations
    F2059 - 06(2012)e1 Standard Test Method for Laboratory Oil Spill Dispersant Effectiveness Using The Swirling Flask
    F2205 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for Ecological Considerations for the Use of Chemical Dispersants in Oil Spill Response: Tropical Environments
    F2465 / F2465M - 05(2011)e1 Standard Guide for Oil Spill Dispersant Application Equipment: Single-point Spray Systems
    F2532 - 13 Standard Guide for Determining Net Environmental Benefit of Dispersant Use

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards