Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    ASTM's corrosion and wear standards provide the appropriate procedures for carrying out corrosion, wear, and abrasion tests on specified metallic materials and alloys. These tests are conducted to examine and evaluate the behavior, susceptibility, and extent of resistance of certain materials to stress corrosion cracking, cavitation erosion, intergranular corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization, exfoliation corrosion, atmospheric and galvanic corrosion, liquid impingement erosion, crevice repassivation, sliding and rolling friction, surface scratching and lubrication, cavitating liquid jet erosion, and hydrogen embrittlement. These corrosion and wear standards are useful to metallurgical companies, product manufacturers, and other users concerned with the specified materials in understanding the their wear and embrittlement behaviors.

    List of corrosion standards and wear standards developed by ASTM:


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    Abrasive Wear

    DesignationTitle
    B611 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the High Stress Abrasion Resistance of Hard Materials
    G56 - 10 Standard Test Method for Abrasiveness of Ink-Impregnated Fabric Printer Ribbons and Other Web Materials
    G65 - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Using the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Apparatus
    G75 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Slurry Abrasivity (Miller Number) and Slurry Abrasion Response of Materials (SAR Number)
    G81 - 97a(2013) Standard Test Method for Jaw Crusher Gouging Abrasion Test
    G105 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Conducting Wet Sand/Rubber Wheel Abrasion Tests
    G132 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Pin Abrasion Testing
    G171 - 03(2009)e2 Standard Test Method for Scratch Hardness of Materials Using a Diamond Stylus
    G174 - 04(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Resistance of Materials by Abrasive Loop Contact
    G195 - 13a Standard Guide for Conducting Wear Tests Using a Rotary Platform Abraser

    Atmospheric Corrosion

    DesignationTitle
    G33 - 99(2010) Standard Practice for Recording Data from Atmospheric Corrosion Tests of Metallic-Coated Steel Specimens
    G50 - 10 Standard Practice for Conducting Atmospheric Corrosion Tests on Metals
    G84 - 89(2012) Standard Practice for Measurement of Time-of-Wetness on Surfaces Exposed to Wetting Conditions as in Atmospheric Corrosion Testing
    G91 - 11 Standard Practice for Monitoring Atmospheric SO2 Deposition Rate for Atmospheric Corrosivity Evaluation
    G92 - 86(2010) Standard Practice for Characterization of Atmospheric Test Sites
    G101 - 04(2010) Standard Guide for Estimating the Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance of Low-Alloy Steels
    G116 - 99(2010) Standard Practice for Conducting Wire-on-Bolt Test for Atmospheric Galvanic Corrosion
    G140 - 02(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Atmospheric Chloride Deposition Rate by Wet Candle Method

    Corrosion in Natural Waters

    DesignationTitle
    G52 - 00(2011) Standard Practice for Exposing and Evaluating Metals and Alloys in Surface Seawater
    G78 - 01(2012) Standard Guide for Crevice Corrosion Testing of Iron-Base and Nickel-Base Stainless Alloys in Seawater and Other Chloride-Containing Aqueous Environments

    Corrosion in Soils

    DesignationTitle
    G51 - 95(2012) Standard Test Method for Measuring pH of Soil for Use in Corrosion Testing
    G57 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Field Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Wenner Four-Electrode Method
    G97 - 97(2013) Standard Test Method for Laboratory Evaluation of Magnesium Sacrificial Anode Test Specimens for Underground Applications
    G158 - 98(2010) Standard Guide for Three Methods of Assessing Buried Steel Tanks
    G162 - 99(2010) Standard Practice for Conducting and Evaluating Laboratory Corrosions Tests in Soils
    G165 - 99(2012) Standard Practice for Determining Rail-to-Earth Resistance
    G187 - 12a Standard Test Method for Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Two-Electrode Soil Box Method
    G200 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP) of Soil

    Corrosion of Metals in Construction Materials

    DesignationTitle
    C876 - 09 Standard Test Method for Corrosion Potentials of Uncoated Reinforcing Steel in Concrete
    G4 - 01(2014) Standard Guide for Conducting Corrosion Tests in Field Applications
    G109 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Determining Effects of Chemical Admixtures on Corrosion of Embedded Steel Reinforcement in Concrete Exposed to Chloride Environments
    G180 - 13 Standard Test Method for Corrosion Inhibiting Admixtures for Steel in Concrete by Polarization Resistance in Cementitious Slurries
    G198 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determining the Relative Corrosion Performance of Driven Fasteners in Contact with Treated Wood

    Data Acquisition in Tribosystems

    DesignationTitle
    G117 - 13 Standard Guide for Calculating and Reporting Measures of Precision Using Data from Interlaboratory Wear or Erosion Tests
    G118 - 02(2007) Standard Guide for Recommended Format of Wear Test Data Suitable for Databases
    G163 - 10 Standard Guide for Digital Data Acquisition in Wear and Friction Measurements
    G190 - 06 Standard Guide for Developing and Selecting Wear Tests

    Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing

    DesignationTitle
    G3 - 13 Standard Practice for Conventions Applicable to Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing
    G5 - 13e2 Standard Reference Test Method for Making Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Measurements
    G59 - 97(2014) Standard Test Method for Conducting Potentiodynamic Polarization Resistance Measurements
    G61 - 86(2014) Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Potentiodynamic Polarization Measurements for Localized Corrosion Susceptibility of Iron-, Nickel-, or Cobalt-Based Alloys
    G69 - 12 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Corrosion Potentials of Aluminum Alloys
    G71 - 81(2014) Standard Guide for Conducting and Evaluating Galvanic Corrosion Tests in Electrolytes
    G82 - 98(2014) Standard Guide for Development and Use of a Galvanic Series for Predicting Galvanic Corrosion Performance
    G96 - 90(2013) Standard Guide for Online Monitoring of Corrosion in Plant Equipment (Electrical and Electrochemical Methods)
    G100 - 89(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Conducting Cyclic Galvanostaircase Polarization
    G102 - 89(2010) Standard Practice for Calculation of Corrosion Rates and Related Information from Electrochemical Measurements
    G106 - 89(2010) Standard Practice for Verification of Algorithm and Equipment for Electrochemical Impedance Measurements
    G108 - 94(2010) Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Reactivation (EPR) for Detecting Sensitization of AISI Type 304 and 304L Stainless Steels
    G148 - 97(2011) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Hydrogen Uptake, Permeation, and Transport in Metals by an Electrochemical Technique
    G150 - 13 Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Critical Pitting Temperature Testing of Stainless Steels
    G189 - 07(2013) Standard Guide for Laboratory Simulation of Corrosion Under Insulation
    G192 - 08(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining the Crevice Repassivation Potential of Corrosion-Resistant Alloys Using a Potentiodynamic-Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Technique
    G199 - 09(2014) Standard Guide for Electrochemical Noise Measurement

    Environmentally Assisted Cracking

    DesignationTitle
    G30 - 97(2009) Standard Practice for Making and Using U-Bend Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens
    G35 - 98(2010) Standard Practice for Determining the Susceptibility of Stainless Steels and Related Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys to Stress-Corrosion Cracking in Polythionic Acids
    G36 - 94(2013) Standard Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion-Cracking Resistance of Metals and Alloys in a Boiling Magnesium Chloride Solution
    G37 - 98(2011) Standard Practice for Use of Mattsson's Solution of pH 7.2 to Evaluate the Stress- Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Copper-Zinc Alloys
    G38 - 01(2013) Standard Practice for Making and Using C-Ring Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens
    G39 - 99(2011) Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of Bent-Beam Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens
    G41 - 90(2013) Standard Practice for Determining Cracking Susceptibility of Metals Exposed Under Stress to a Hot Salt Environment
    G44 - 99(2013) Standard Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5?% Sodium Chloride Solution
    G47 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining Susceptibility to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of 2XXX and 7XXX Aluminum Alloy Products
    G49 - 85(2011) Standard Practice for Preparation and Use of Direct Tension Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens
    G58 - 85(2011) Standard Practice for Preparation of Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens for Weldments
    G64 - 99(2013) Standard Classification of Resistance to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloys
    G103 - 97(2011) Standard Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion Cracking Resistance of Low Copper 7XXX Series Al-Zn-Mg-Cu Alloys in Boiling 6% Sodium Chloride Solution
    G123 - 00(2011) Standard Test Method for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion Cracking of Stainless Alloys with Different Nickel Content in Boiling Acidified Sodium Chloride Solution
    G129 - 00(2013) Standard Practice for Slow Strain Rate Testing to Evaluate the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Environmentally Assisted Cracking
    G139 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining Stress-Corrosion Cracking Resistance of Heat-Treatable Aluminum Alloy Products Using Breaking Load Method
    G142 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Determination of Susceptibility of Metals to Embrittlement in Hydrogen Containing Environments at High Pressure, High Temperature, or Both
    G168 - 00(2013) Standard Practice for Making and Using Precracked Double Beam Stress Corrosion Specimens
    G186 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining Whether Gas-Leak-Detector Fluid Solutions Can Cause Stress Corrosion Cracking of Brass Alloys
    G188 - 05(2011) Standard Specification for Leak Detector Solutions Intended for Use on Brasses and Other Copper Alloys

    Erosion by Solids and Liquids

    DesignationTitle
    G32 - 10 Standard Test Method for Cavitation Erosion Using Vibratory Apparatus
    G73 - 10 Standard Test Method for Liquid Impingement Erosion Using Rotating Apparatus
    G76 - 13 Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets
    G134 - 95(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Erosion of Solid Materials by a Cavitating Liquid Jet
    G211 - 14 Standard Test Method for Conducting Elevated Temperature Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets

    Friction

    DesignationTitle
    G115 - 10(2013) Standard Guide for Measuring and Reporting Friction Coefficients
    G143 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Measurement of Web/Roller Friction Characteristics
    G164 - 99(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Surface Lubrication on Flexible Webs
    G181 - 11 Standard Test Method for Conducting Friction Tests of Piston Ring and Cylinder Liner Materials Under Lubricated Conditions
    G182 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Breakaway Friction Characteristics of Rolling Element Bearings
    G194 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Measuring Rolling Friction Characteristics of a Spherical Shape on a Flat Horizontal Plane
    G203 - 10 Standard Guide for Determining Friction Energy Dissipation in Reciprocating Tribosystems

    Laboratory Corrosion Tests

    DesignationTitle
    B117 - 11 Standard Practice for Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus
    G1 - 03(2011) Standard Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens
    G16 - 13 Standard Guide for Applying Statistics to Analysis of Corrosion Data
    G28 - 02(2008) Standard Test Methods for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion in Wrought, Nickel-Rich, Chromium-Bearing Alloys
    G34 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Exfoliation Corrosion Susceptibility in 2XXX and 7XXX Series Aluminum Alloys (EXCO Test)
    G46 - 94(2013) Standard Guide for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion
    G48 - 11 : Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride Solution
    G60 - 01(2013) Standard Practice for Conducting Cyclic Humidity Exposures
    G66 - 99(2013) Standard Test Method for Visual Assessment of Exfoliation Corrosion Susceptibility of 5XXX Series Aluminum Alloys (ASSET Test)
    G67 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determining the Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion of 5XXX Series Aluminum Alloys by Mass Loss After Exposure to Nitric Acid (NAMLT Test)
    G85 - 11 Standard Practice for Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing
    G87 - 02(2013) Standard Practice for Conducting Moist SO2 Tests
    G107 - 95(2008) Standard Guide for Formats for Collection and Compilation of Corrosion Data for Metals for Computerized Database Input
    G110 - 92(2009) Standard Practice for Evaluating Intergranular Corrosion Resistance of Heat Treatable Aluminum Alloys by Immersion in Sodium Chloride + Hydrogen Peroxide Solution
    G111 - 97(2013) Standard Guide for Corrosion Tests in High Temperature or High Pressure Environment, or Both
    G112 - 92(2009) Standard Guide for Conducting Exfoliation Corrosion Tests in Aluminum Alloys
    G135 - 95(2013) Standard Guide for Computerized Exchange of Corrosion Data for Metals
    G146 - 01(2013) Standard Practice for Evaluation of Disbonding of Bimetallic Stainless Alloy/Steel Plate for Use in High-Pressure, High-Temperature Refinery Hydrogen Service
    G157 - 98(2013) Standard Guide for Evaluating Corrosion Properties of Wrought Iron- and Nickel-Based Corrosion Resistant Alloys for Chemical Process Industries
    G161 - 00(2013) Standard Guide for Corrosion-Related Failure Analysis
    G170 - 06(2012) Standard Guide for Evaluating and Qualifying Oilfield and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors in the Laboratory
    G184 - 06(2012) Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oil Field and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using Rotating Cage
    G185 - 06(2012) Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oil Field and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using the Rotating Cylinder Electrode
    G202 - 12 Standard Test Method for Using Atmospheric Pressure Rotating Cage
    G205 - 10 Standard Guide for Determining Corrosivity of Crude Oils
    G208 - 12 Standard Practice for Evaluating and Qualifying Oilfield and Refinery Corrosion Inhibitors Using Jet Impingement Apparatus
    G209 - 14 Standard Practice for Detecting mu-phase in Wrought Nickel-Rich, Chromium, Molybdenum-Bearing Alloys
    G210 - 13 Standard Practice for Operating the Severe Wastewater Analysis Testing Apparatus

    Non-Abrasive Wear

    DesignationTitle
    G77 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Materials to Sliding Wear Using Block-on-Ring Wear Test
    G98 - 02(2009) Standard Test Method for Galling Resistance of Materials
    G99 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus
    G119 - 09 Standard Guide for Determining Synergism Between Wear and Corrosion
    G133 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Linearly Reciprocating Ball-on-Flat Sliding Wear
    G137 - 97(2009) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Plastic Materials to Sliding Wear Using a Block-On-Ring Configuration
    G176 - 03(2009) Standard Test Method for Ranking Resistance of Plastics to Sliding Wear using Block-on-Ring Wear Test—Cumulative Wear Method
    G196 - 08 Standard Test Method for Galling Resistance of Material Couples
    G204 - 10 Standard Test Method for Damage to Contacting Solid Surfaces under Fretting Conditions
    G206 - 11 Standard Guide for Measuring the Wear Volumes of Piston Ring Segments Run against Flat Coupons in Reciprocating Wear Tests

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    G40 - 13 Standard Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion

    Working Group on Laboratory Immersion Tests

    DesignationTitle
    NACE / ASTMG31 - 12a Standard Guide for Laboratory Immersion Corrosion Testing of Metals

    Working Group on Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    NACE / ASTMG193 - 12d Standard Terminology and Acronyms Relating to Corrosion

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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