Copper Standards

    ASTM's copper standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of copper materials, including bronze and their alloys with other metals. These materials when in the raw form are fabricated into basic shapes like sheets, strips, plates, bars, beams, disks, rods, wires, and ingots. Conversely, finished products are molded into more complicated shapes according to their intended purpose such as pipes and tubes. Moreover, as judged fit, these materials are utilized for bridges and turntables, locomotive parts, pressure vessels, heat exchangers and condensers, electrolytic cathodes, machine bearings, and air conditioning and refrigeration components. These copper standards are helpful in guiding metallurgical laboratories and refineries, product manufacturers, and other end-users of copper and its alloys in their proper processing and application procedures to ensure their quality towards safe use.

    List of copper standards developed by ASTM:


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    Castings and Ingots for Remelting

    DesignationTitle
    B22 / B22M - 14 Standard Specification for Bronze Castings for Bridges and Turntables
    B30 - 14a Standard Specification for Copper Alloys in Ingot Form
    B61 - 08(2013) Standard Specification for Steam or Valve Bronze Castings
    B62 - 09 Standard Specification for Composition Bronze or Ounce Metal Castings
    B66 - 06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Bronze Castings for Steam Locomotive Wearing Parts
    B67 - 14 Standard Specification for Car and Tender Journal Bearings, Lined
    B148 - 14 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Bronze Sand Castings
    B176 - 14 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Die Castings
    B208 - 14 Standard Practice for Preparing Tension Test Specimens for Copper Alloy Sand, Permanent Mold, Centrifugal, and Continuous Castings
    B271 / B271M - 14a Standard Specification for Copper-Base Alloy Centrifugal Castings
    B369 - 09 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel Alloy Castings
    B427 - 09 Standard Specification for Gear Bronze Alloy Castings
    B505 / B505M - 14 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Continuous Castings
    B584 - 14 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications
    B644 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Addition Agents
    B763 / B763M - 14 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Sand Castings for Valve Applications
    B770 - 10 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Sand Castings for General Applications
    B806 - 14 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Permanent Mold Castings for General Applications
    B824 - 14 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Copper Alloy Castings

    Editorial and Publications

    DesignationTitle
    B601 - 12 Standard Classification for Temper Designations for Copper and Copper Alloys—Wrought and Cast
    B900 - 04(2010) Standard Practice for Packaging of Copper and Copper Alloy Mill Products for U.S. Government Agencies
    B950 - 13 Standard Guide for Editorial Procedures and Form of Product Specifications for Copper and Copper Alloys

    Methods of Test

    DesignationTitle
    B153 - 11 Standard Test Method for Expansion (Pin Test) of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tubing
    B154 - 12 Standard Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper Alloys
    B428 - 09(2013) Standard Test Method for Angle of Twist in Rectangular and Square Copper and Copper Alloy Tube
    B577 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Detection of Cuprous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
    B593 - 96(2014)e1 Standard Test Method for Bending Fatigue Testing for Copper-Alloy Spring Materials
    B598 - 14a Standard Practice for Determining Offset Yield Strength in Tension for Copper Alloys
    B754 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring and Recording the Deviations from Flatness in Copper and Copper Alloy Strip
    B820 - 14a Standard Test Method for Bend Test for Determining the Formability of Copper and Copper Alloy Strip
    B858 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys
    B968 / B968M - 10 Standard Test Method for Flattening of Copper and Copper-Alloy Pipe and Tube

    Pipe and Tube

    DesignationTitle
    B42 - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes
    B43 - 14 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes
    B68 / B68M - 11 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed
    B75 / B75M - 11 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube
    B88M - 13 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube [Metric]
    B88 - 14 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube
    B111 / B111M - 11 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock
    B135 - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Brass Tube
    B135M - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Brass Tube [Metric]
    B188 - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Bus Pipe and Tube
    B251 - 10 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube
    B251M - 10 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube [Metric]
    B280 - 13 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service
    B302 - 12 Standard Specification for Threadless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes
    B306 - 13 Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)
    B315 - 12 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube
    B359 / B359M - 12e1 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Seamless Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes With Integral Fins
    B360 - 09 Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper Capillary Tube for Restrictor Applications
    B372 - 12a Standard Specification for Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Rectangular Waveguide Tube
    B395 / B395M - 13 Standard Specification for U-Bend Seamless Copper and Copper Alloy Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tubes
    B447 - 12a Standard Specification for Welded Copper Tube
    B466 / B466M - 14 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper-Nickel Pipe and Tube
    B467 - 14 Standard Specification for Welded Copper-Nickel Pipe
    B543 / B543M - 12 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Heat Exchanger Tube
    B552 - 12 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Copper–Nickel Tubes for Water Desalting Plants
    B587 - 12 Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube
    B608 - 11 Standard Specification for Welded Copper-Alloy Pipe
    B640 - 12a Standard Specification for Welded Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Service
    B643 - 12 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Seamless Tube
    B687 - 99(2011) Standard Specification for Brass, Copper, and Chromium-Plated Pipe Nipples
    B698 - 10 Standard Classification for Seamless Copper and Copper Alloy Plumbing Pipe and Tube
    B706 - 00(2011) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy (UNS No. C69100) Pipe and Tube
    B743 - 12 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube in Coils
    B813 - 10 Standard Specification for Liquid and Paste Fluxes for Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube
    B819 - 00(2011) Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Medical Gas Systems
    B828 - 02(2010) Standard Practice for Making Capillary Joints by Soldering of Copper and Copper Alloy Tube and Fittings
    B837 - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gas Fuel Distribution Systems
    B903 - 10 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement
    B919 - 12 Standard Specification for Welded Copper Heat Exchanger Tubes With Internal Enhancement
    B937 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Seamless Tube (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510)
    B944 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Welded Heat Exchanger and Condenser Tube (UNS No. C17510)
    B956 / B956M - 10e1 Standard Specification for Welded Copper and Copper-Alloy Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes with Integral Fins

    Plate, Sheet, and Strip

    DesignationTitle
    B19 - 10 Standard Specification for Cartridge Brass Sheet, Strip, Plate, Bar, and Disks
    B36 / B36M - 13 Standard Specification for Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, And Rolled Bar
    B96 / B96M - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessels
    B100 - 13 Standard Specification for Wrought Copper-Alloy Bearing and Expansion Plates and Sheets for Bridge and Other Structural Use
    B101 - 12 Standard Specification for Lead-Coated Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction
    B103 / B103M - 10 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B121 / B121M - 11 Standard Specification for Leaded Brass Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B122 / B122M - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B129 - 12 Standard Specification for Cartridge Brass Cartridge Case Cups
    B130 - 13 Standard Specification for Commercial Bronze Strip for Bullet Jackets
    B131 - 12 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Bullet Jacket Cups
    B152 / B152M - 13 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar
    B169 / B169M - 10 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B171 / B171M - 12 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers
    B194 - 08 Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B248 - 12 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B248M - 12 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar (Metric)
    B370 - 12 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet and Strip for Building Construction
    B422 / B422M - 10e1 Standard Specification for Copper-Aluminum-Silicon-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon-Magnesium Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Silicon Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy, and Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy Sheet and Strip
    B432 - 09a Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Clad Steel Plate
    B465 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Iron Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B506 - 09 Specification for Copper-Clad Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Building Construction
    B508 - 08 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Strip for Flexible Metal Hose
    B534 - 14 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B569 - 09 Standard Specification for Brass Strip in Narrow Widths and Light Gage for Heat-Exchanger Tubing
    B591 - 09 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Tin and Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron-Nickel Alloys Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B592 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Aluminum-Cobalt Alloy, Copper-Zinc-Tin-Iron Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar
    B694 - 13 Standard Specification for Copper, Copper-Alloy, Copper-Clad Bronze (CCB), Copper-Clad Stainless Steel (CCS), and Copper-Clad Alloy Steel (CAS) Sheet and Strip for Electrical Cable Shielding
    B740 - 09 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Spinodal Alloy Strip
    B747 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Zirconium Alloy Sheet and Strip
    B768 - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium Alloy and Copper-Nickel-Beryllium Alloy Strip and Sheet
    B882 - 10 Specification for Pre-Patinated Copper for Architectural Applications
    B888 / B888M - 13 Standard Specification for Copper Alloy Strip for Use in Manufacture of Electrical Connectors or Spring Contacts
    B936 - 13 Standard Specification for Copper-Chromium-Iron-Titanium Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip and Rolled Bar

    Refined Copper

    DesignationTitle
    B5 - 11 Standard Specification for High Conductivity Tough-Pitch Copper Refinery Shapes
    B49 - 10 Standard Specification for Copper Rod Drawing Stock for Electrical Purposes
    B115 - 10 Standard Specification for Electrolytic Copper Cathode
    B170 - 99(2010)e1 Standard Specification for Oxygen-Free Electrolytic Copper—Refinery Shapes
    B216 - 10 Standard Specification for Tough-Pitch Fire-Refined Copper—Refinery Shapes
    B224 - 14 Standard Classification of Coppers
    B379 - 11 Standard Specification for Phosphorized Coppers—Refinery Shapes

    Rod, Bar, Wire, Shapes and Forgings

    DesignationTitle
    B16 / B16M - 10 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines
    B21 / B21M - 14 Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B98 / B98M - 13 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Rod, Bar and Shapes
    B99 / B99M - 11 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Wire for General Applications
    B124 / B124M - 14a Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B134 / B134M - 08 Standard Specification for Brass Wire
    B138 / B138M - 11 Standard Specification for Manganese Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B139 / B139M - 12 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B140 / B140M - 12 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead (Red Brass or Hardware Bronze) Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B150 / B150M - 12 Standard Specification for Aluminum Bronze Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B151 / B151M - 13 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver) and Copper-Nickel Rod and Bar
    B159 / B159M - 11 Standard Specification for Phosphor Bronze Wire
    B187 / B187M - 11 Standard Specification for Copper, Bus Bar, Rod, and Shapes and General Purpose Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B196 / B196M - 07(2013) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Rod and Bar
    B197 / B197M - 07(2013) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Wire
    B206 / B206M - 12 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Zinc (Nickel Silver) Wire and Copper-Nickel Alloy Wire
    B249 / B249M - 14 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper and Copper-Alloy Rod, Bar, Shapes and Forgings
    B250 / B250M - 13 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Copper Alloy Wire
    B272 - 12 Standard Specification for Copper Flat Products with Finished (Rolled or Drawn) Edges (Flat Wire and Strip)
    B283 / B283M - 14a Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed)
    B301 / B301M - 13 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Copper Rod, Bar, Wire, and Shapes
    B371 / B371M - 08(2013) Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Silicon Alloy Rod
    B411 / B411M - 14 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Silicon Alloy Rod and Bar
    B441 - 04(2010) Standard Specification for Copper-Cobalt-Beryllium, Copper-Nickel-Beryllium, and Copper-Nickel-Lead-Beryllium Rod and Bar (UNS Nos. C17500, C17510, and C17465)
    B453 / B453M - 11e1 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B455 - 10 Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Lead Alloy (Leaded-Brass) Extruded Shapes
    B570 - 06(2010) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy (UNS Nos. C17000 and C17200) Forgings and Extrusions
    B870 - 08(2014) Standard Specification for Copper-Beryllium Alloy Forgings and Extrusions Alloys (UNS Nos. C17500 and C17510)
    B927 / B927M - 13 Standard Specification for Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes
    B929 - 05(2011)e1 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Spinodal Alloy Rod and Bar
    B967 / B967M - 12a Standard Specification for Copper-Zinc-Tin-Bismuth Alloy Rod, Bar and Wire
    B974 / B974M - 12a Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Bismuth Brass Rod, Bar and Wire
    B981 / B981M - 12 Standard Specification for Low Leaded Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes
    F68 - 10 Standard Specification for Oxygen-Free Copper in Wrought Forms for Electron Devices

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    B846 - 11a Standard Terminology for Copper and Copper Alloys

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