Composite Standards

    ASTM's composite standards are instrumental in the evaluation and determination of the physical, shear, tensile, flexural, and compressive properties of various forms of composite materials used in structural applications. These composites can be in the form of sandwich core materials, honeycomb core materials, polymer matrix composite materials and their laminates, fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composite plates and bars, fiber reinforced metal matrix composites, carbon fiber-epoxy prepregs, continuous filament carbon and graphite fiber tows, hoop wound polymer matrix composite cylinders, sandwich beams, flat composite panels, simply supported sandwich composite plates, and fabric-reinforced textile composite materials. These composite standards are also helpful in guiding manufacturers and users of such materials in their proper fabrication and testing for the assurance of their quality.

    List of composite standards developed by ASTM:


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    Composites for Civil Structures

    DesignationTitle
    D7205 / D7205M - 06(2011) Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
    D7290 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Evaluating Material Property Characteristic Values for Polymeric Composites for Civil Engineering Structural Applications
    D7337 / D7337M - 12 Standard Test Method for Tensile Creep Rupture of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
    D7522 / D7522M - 09 Standard Test Method for Pull-Off Strength for FRP Bonded to Concrete Substrate
    D7565 / D7565M - 10 Standard Test Method for Determining Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Used for Strengthening of Civil Structures
    D7616 / D7616M - 11 Standard Test Method for Determining Apparent Overlap Splice Shear Strength Properties of Wet Lay-Up Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Used for Strengthening Civil Structures
    D7617 / D7617M - 11 Standard Test Method for Transverse Shear Strength of Fiber-reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Bars
    D7705 / D7705M - 12 Standard Test Method for Alkali Resistance of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Matrix Composite Bars used in Concrete Construction

    Constituent/Precursor Properties

    DesignationTitle
    C613 - 14 Standard Test Method for Constituent Content of Composite Prepreg by Soxhlet Extraction
    D3529M - 10 Standard Test Method for Matrix Solids Content and Matrix Content of Composite Prepreg
    D3530 - 97(2008)e2 Standard Test Method for Volatiles Content of Composite Material Prepreg
    D3531 / D3531M - 11 Standard Test Method for Resin Flow of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Prepreg
    D3532 / D3532M - 12 Standard Test Method for Gel Time of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Prepreg
    D3800M - 11 Standard Test Method for Density of High-Modulus Fibers
    D4018 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Properties of Continuous Filament Carbon and Graphite Fiber Tows
    D4102 - 82(2008) Standard Test Method for Thermal Oxidative Resistance of Carbon Fibers
    D7750 - 12 Standard Test Method for Cure Behavior of Thermosetting Resins by Dynamic Mechanical Procedures using an Encapsulated Specimen Rheometer

    Editorial and Resource Standards

    DesignationTitle
    D3878 - 07(2013) Standard Terminology for Composite Materials
    D4762 - 11a Standard Guide for Testing Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    D6507 - 11 Standard Practice for Fiber Reinforcement Orientation Codes for Composite Materials
    E1309 - 00(2011) Standard Guide for Identification of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Materials in Databases
    E1434 - 00(2013) Standard Guide for Recording Mechanical Test Data of Fiber-Reinforced Composite Materials in Databases
    E1471 - 92(2014) Standard Guide for Identification of Fibers, Fillers, and Core Materials in Computerized Material Property Databases

    Interlaminar Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D5528 - 13 Standard Test Method for Mode I Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    D6115 - 97(2011) Standard Test Method for Mode I Fatigue Delamination Growth Onset of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    D6415 / D6415M - 06a(2013) Standard Test Method for Measuring the Curved Beam Strength of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite
    D6671 / D6671M - 13 Standard Test Method for Mixed Mode I-Mode II Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    D7291 / D7291M - 07 Standard Test Method for Through-Thickness "Flatwise" Tensile Strength and Elastic Modulus of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Material
    D7905 / D7905M - 14 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Mode II Interlaminar Fracture Toughness of Unidirectional Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

    Lamina and Laminate Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    D2344 / D2344M - 13 Standard Test Method for Short-Beam Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates
    D3039 / D3039M - 14 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    D3171 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Constituent Content of Composite Materials
    D3410 / D3410M - 03(2008) Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials with Unsupported Gage Section by Shear Loading
    D3479 / D3479M - 12 Standard Test Method for Tension-Tension Fatigue of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    D3518 / D3518M - 13 Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials by Tensile Test of a ±45° Laminate
    D3552 - 12 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Fiber Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites
    D4255 / D4255M - 01(2007) Standard Test Method for In-Plane Shear Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials by the Rail Shear Method
    D5229 / D5229M - 14 Standard Test Method for Moisture Absorption Properties and Equilibrium Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials
    D5379 / D5379M - 12 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by the V-Notched Beam Method
    D5448 / D5448M - 11 Standard Test Method for Inplane Shear Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    D5449 / D5449M - 11 Standard Test Method for Transverse Compressive Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    D5450 / D5450M - 12 Standard Test Method for Transverse Tensile Properties of Hoop Wound Polymer Matrix Composite Cylinders
    D5467 / D5467M - 97(2010) Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Unidirectional Polymer Matrix Composites Using a Sandwich Beam
    D5687 / D5687M - 95(2007) Standard Guide for Preparation of Flat Composite Panels with Processing Guidelines for Specimen Preparation
    D6641 / D6641M - 09 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials Using a Combined Loading Compression (CLC) Test Fixture
    D6856 / D6856M - 03(2008)e1 Standard Guide for Testing Fabric-Reinforced "Textile" Composite Materials
    D7028 - 07e1 Standard Test Method for Glass Transition Temperature (DMA Tg) of Polymer Matrix Composites by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA)
    D7078 / D7078M - 12 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Composite Materials by V-Notched Rail Shear Method
    D7264 / D7264M - 07 Standard Test Method for Flexural Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials

    Sandwich Construction

    DesignationTitle
    C271 / C271M - 11 Standard Test Method for Density of Sandwich Core Materials
    C272 / C272M - 12 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Core Materials for Sandwich Constructions
    C273 / C273M - 11 Standard Test Method for Shear Properties of Sandwich Core Materials
    C274 - 07 Standard Terminology of Structural Sandwich Constructions
    C297 / C297M - 04(2010) Standard Test Method for Flatwise Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions
    C363 / C363M - 09 Standard Test Method for Node Tensile Strength of Honeycomb Core Materials
    C364 / C364M - 07(2012) Standard Test Method for Edgewise Compressive Strength of Sandwich Constructions
    C365 / C365M - 11a Standard Test Method for Flatwise Compressive Properties of Sandwich Cores
    C366 / C366M - 11 Standard Test Methods for Measurement of Thickness of Sandwich Cores
    C393 / C393M - 11e1 Standard Test Method for Core Shear Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Beam Flexure
    C394 / C394M - 13 Standard Test Method for Shear Fatigue of Sandwich Core Materials
    C480 / C480M - 08 Standard Test Method for Flexure Creep of Sandwich Constructions
    C481 - 99(2011) Standard Test Method for Laboratory Aging of Sandwich Constructions
    D6416 / D6416M - 01(2012) Standard Test Method for Two-Dimensional Flexural Properties of Simply Supported Sandwich Composite Plates Subjected to a Distributed Load
    D6772 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Dimensional Stability of Sandwich Core Materials
    D6790 / D6790M - 14 Standard Test Method for Determining Poisson's Ratio of Honeycomb Cores
    D7249 / D7249M - 12e1 Standard Test Method for Facing Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Long Beam Flexure
    D7250 / D7250M - 06(2012) Standard Practice for Determining Sandwich Beam Flexural and Shear Stiffness
    D7336 / D7336M - 12 Standard Test Method for Static Energy Absorption Properties of Honeycomb Sandwich Core Materials
    D7766 / D7766M - 11 Standard Practice for Damage Resistance Testing of Sandwich Constructions
    D7956 / D7956M - 14 Standard Practice for Compressive Testing of Thin Damaged Laminates Using a Sandwich Long Beam Fixture Specimen
    F1645 / F1645M - 12 Standard Test Method for Water Migration in Honeycomb Core Materials

    Structural Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    D5766 / D5766M - 11 Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Tensile Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    D5961 / D5961M - 13 Standard Test Method for Bearing Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    D6264 / D6264M - 12 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite to a Concentrated Quasi-Static Indentation Force
    D6484 / D6484M - 14 Standard Test Method for Open-Hole Compressive Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    D6742 / D6742M - 12 Standard Practice for Filled-Hole Tension and Compression Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    D6873 / D6873M - 08(2014) Standard Practice for Bearing Fatigue Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates
    D7136 / D7136M - 12 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Damage Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite to a Drop-Weight Impact Event
    D7137 / D7137M - 12 Standard Test Method for Compressive Residual Strength Properties of Damaged Polymer Matrix Composite Plates
    D7248 / D7248M - 12 Standard Test Method for Bearing/Bypass Interaction Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates Using 2-Fastener Specimens
    D7332 / D7332M - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Fastener Pull-Through Resistance of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite
    D7615 / D7615M - 11 Standard Practice for Open-Hole Fatigue Response of Polymer Matrix Composite Laminates

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards