Analytical Chemistry Standards

    ASTM's analytical chemistry standards are instrumental primarily in chemical analysis of various metals, alloys, and ores. These analytical chemistry standards present various test methods and techniques in determining the chemical composition of alloys and ores which include molecular absorption spectrometry, X-ray emission spectrometry, optical emission vacuum spectrometry, atomic emission vacuum spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, spark atomic emission spectrometry, ultraviolet spectrometry, direct current plasma emission spectrometry, electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, gravimetry, and titrimetry. The analytical chemistry standards also describe and specify certain instruments and equipments used in chemical analysis.

    List of analytical chemistry standards developed by ASTM:


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    Aluminum and Magnesium

    DesignationTitle
    E34 - 11e1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum-Base Alloys
    E716 - 10 Standard Practices for Sampling and Sample Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition by Spectrochemical Analysis
    E1251 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E2792 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen in Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys by Inert Gas Fusion

    Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Sn, Be, Precious Metals, their Alloys, and Related Metals

    DesignationTitle
    E37 - 05(2011) Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Pig Lead
    E53 - 07(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Copper in Unalloyed Copper by Gravimetry
    E55 - 11 Standard Practice for Sampling Wrought Nonferrous Metals and Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition
    E88 - 11 Standard Practice for Sampling Nonferrous Metals and Alloys in Cast Form for Determination of Chemical Composition
    E255 - 07 Standard Practice for Sampling Copper and Copper Alloys for the Determination of Chemical Composition
    E396 - 12e1 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cadmium
    E439 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Beryllium
    E478 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Copper Alloys
    E536 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Zinc and Zinc Alloys
    E581 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Manganese-Copper Alloys
    E634 - 12 Standard Practice for Sampling of Zinc and Zinc Alloys by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E1277 - 08 Standard Test Method for Chemical Analysis of Zinc-5 % Aluminum-Mischmetal Alloys by ICP Emission Spectrometry
    E1335 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Gold in Bullion by Fire Assay Cupellation Analysis
    E1446 - 13 Standard Test Method for Chemical Analysis of Refined Gold by Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E1659 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Coating Mass and Chemical Analysis of Zinc-Nickel Alloy Electrolytically Coated on Steel Sheet
    E1771 - 07 Standard Test Method for Determination of Copper in Anode and Blister Copper
    E1833 - 07a(2013)e1 Standard Practice for Sampling of Blister Copper in Cast Form for Determination of Chemical Composition
    E2575 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygen in Copper and Copper Alloys
    E2824 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Beryllium in Copper-Beryllium Alloys by Phosphate Gravimetric Method

    Fundamental Practices

    DesignationTitle
    E50 - 11 Standard Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    E60 - 11 Standard Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
    E305 - 13 Standard Practice for Establishing and Controlling Atomic Emission Spectrochemical Analytical Curves
    E406 - 81(2012) Standard Practice for Using Controlled Atmospheres in Spectrochemical Analysis
    E520 - 08 Standard Practice for Describing Photomultiplier Detectors in Emission and Absorption Spectrometry
    E1097 - 12 Standard Guide for Determination of Various Elements by Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E1172 - 87(2011) Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying a Wavelength-Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometer
    E1184 - 10 Standard Practice for Determination of Elements by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1257 - 93(2008) Standard Guide for Evaluating Grinding Materials Used for Surface Preparation in Spectrochemical Analysis
    E1282 - 11 Standard Guide for Specifying the Chemical Compositions and Selecting Sampling Practices and Quantitative Analysis Methods for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    E1306 - 11 Standard Practice for Preparation of Metal and Alloy Samples by Electric Arc Remelting for the Determination of Chemical Composition
    E1361 - 02(2007) Standard Guide for Correction of Interelement Effects in X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis
    E1479 - 99(2011) Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers
    E1621 - 13 Standard Guide for Elemental Analysis by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E1770 - 95(2006) Standard Practice for Optimization of Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Equipment
    E1832 - 08(2012) Standard Practice for Describing and Specifying a Direct Current Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometer
    E1916 - 11 Standard Guide for Identification of Mixed Lots of Metals

    Iron, Steel, and Ferroalloys

    DesignationTitle
    E32 - 86(2006)e1 Standard Practices for Sampling Ferroalloys and Steel Additives for Determination of Chemical Composition
    E322 - 12 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Low-Alloy Steels and Cast Irons by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E350 - 12 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Carbon Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Silicon Electrical Steel, Ingot Iron, and Wrought Iron
    E351 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron—All Types
    E352 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Tool Steels and Other Similar Medium- and High-Alloy Steels
    E353 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
    E354 - 14 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
    E363 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Chromium and Ferrochromium
    E367 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Ferroniobium
    E372 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium and Magnesium in Magnesium Ferrosilicon by EDTA Titration
    E415 - 14 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E572 - 13 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Stainless and Alloy Steels by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E1009 - 95(2006) Standard Practice for Evaluating an Optical Emission Vacuum Spectrometer to Analyze Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel
    E1010 - 09 Standard Practice for Preparation of Disk Specimens of Steel and Iron for Spectrochemical Analysis by Remelting
    E1019 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Carbon, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and Oxygen in Steel, Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys by Various Combustion and Fusion Techniques
    E1085 - 09 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Low-Alloy Steels by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E1086 - 14 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Austenitic Stainless Steel by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E1806 - 09 Standard Practice for Sampling Steel and Iron for Determination of Chemical Composition
    E1852 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Antimony in Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1999 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Cast Iron by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E2209 - 13 Standard Test Method for Analysis of High Manganese Steel by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry

    Laboratory Quality

    DesignationTitle
    E826 - 14 Standard Practice for Testing Homogeneity of a Metal Lot or Batch in Solid Form by Spark Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E882 - 10 Standard Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory
    E1329 - 10 Standard Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis
    E1601 - 12 Standard Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method
    E1763 - 06 Standard Guide for Interpretation and Use of Results from Interlaboratory Testing of Chemical Analysis Methods
    E1914 - 07 Standard Practice for Use of Terms Relating to the Development and Evaluation of Methods for Chemical Analysis
    E1950 - 10 Standard Practice for Reporting Results from Methods of Chemical Analysis
    E2027 - 09 Standard Practice for Conducting Proficiency Tests in the Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials
    E2093 - 12 Standard Guide for Optimizing, Controlling and Assessing Test Method Uncertainties from Multiple Workstations in the Same Laboratory Organization
    E2857 - 11 Standard Guide for Validating Analytical Methods

    Ni and Co and High Temperature Alloys

    DesignationTitle
    E1473 - 09 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel, Cobalt, and High-Temperature Alloys
    E1587 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Refined Nickel
    E1834 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1835 - 09 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1917 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Nickel, Ferronickel, and Nickel Alloys by Phosphovanadomolybdate Spectrophotometry
    E1938 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Nickel Alloys by Diantipyrylmethane Spectrophotometry
    E2465 - 13 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Ni-Base Alloys by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E2594 - 09(2014) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)
    E2823 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)

    Ores, Concentrates, and Related Metallurgical Materials

    DesignationTitle
    E246 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Iron in Iron Ores and Related Materials by Dichromate Titrimetry
    E247 - 01(2010) Standard Test Method for Determination of Silica in Manganese Ores, Iron Ores, and Related Materials by Gravimetry
    E248 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Manganese in Manganese Ores by Pyrophosphate Complexed Permanganate Potentiometric Titrimetry
    E276 - 13 Standard Test Method for Particle Size or Screen Analysis at No. 4 (4.75-mm) Sieve and Finer for Metal-Bearing Ores and Related Materials
    E278 - 01(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Iron Ores by Phosphomolybdate Coprecipitation and Nitric Acid Titrimetry
    E279 - 97(2010) Standard Test Method for Determination of Abrasion Resistance of Iron Ore Pellets and Sinter by the Tumbler Test
    E314 - 10 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Manganese in Iron Ores by Pyrophosphate (Potentiometric) and Periodate (Photometric) Techniques
    E316 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Iron in Manganese Ores by Hydrogen Sulfide Reduction-Dichromate Titrimetry
    E342 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Chromium Oxide in Chrome Ores by Permanganate Titrimetry
    E382 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Crushing Strength of Iron Ore Pellets
    E389 - 13 Standard Test Method for Particle Size or Screen Analysis at No. 4 (4.75-mm) Sieve and Coarser for Metal-Bearing Ores and Related Materials
    E463 - 14a Standard Test Method for Determination of Silica in Fluorspar by Silico-Molybdate Visible Spectrophotometry
    E465 - 11 Standard Test Methods for Determination of Manganese (IV) in Manganese Ores by Redox Titrimetry
    E507 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aluminum in Iron Ores by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E508 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium and Magnesium in Iron Ores by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E738 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aluminum in Iron Ores and Related Materials by EDTA Complexometric Titrimetry
    E815 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Calcium Fluoride in Fluorspar by Complexometric Titrimetry
    E841 - 12a Standard Test Method for Determination of Copper in Iron Ores and Related Materials by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E877 - 13 Standard Practice for Sampling and Sample Preparation of Iron Ores and Related Materials for Determination of Chemical Composition and Physical Properties
    E878 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Titanium in Iron Ores and Related Materials by Diantipyrylmethane Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry
    E945 - 12 Standard Test Method for Determination of Zinc in Zinc Ores and Concentrates by EDTA Complexometric Titrimetry
    E1070 - 11 Standard Test Method for Determination of Phosphorus in Iron Ores by Phospho-Molybdenum-Blue Spectrophotometry
    E1568 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gold in Activated Carbon by Fire Assay Gravimetry
    E1600 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gold in Cyanide Solutions by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1805 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gold in Copper Concentrates by Fire Assay Gravimetry
    E1898 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Silver in Copper Concentrates by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    E1915 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Analysis of Metal Bearing Ores and Related Materials for Carbon, Sulfur, and Acid-Base Characteristics
    E2050 - 12a Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Carbon in Mold Powders by Combustion
    E2242 - 13 Standard Test Method for Column Percolation Extraction of Mine Rock by the Meteoric Water Mobility Procedure
    E2293 - 03(2013) Standard Practice for Drying of Metal Bearing Ores, Concentrates, and Related Metallurgical Materials for the Determination of Mercury
    E2294 - 03(2013) Standard Practice for Proof Silver Corrections in Metal Bearing Ores, Concentrates, and Related Materials by Fire Assay Gravimetry
    E2295 - 13 Standard Practice for Fire Assay Silver Corrections in Analysis of Metal Bearing Ores, Concentrates, and Related Metallurgical Materials by Silver Determination in Slags and Cupels
    E2296 - 03(2013) Standard Practice for Silver Corrections in Metal Bearing Ores, Concentrates, and Related Metallurgical Materials by Fire Assay Slag Recycling and Cupel Proof Gravimetry
    E2941 - 13 Standard Practice for Nitric Acid-Extraction of Elements from Ores and Related Metallurgical Materials by Closed Vessel Microwave Heating

    Terminology and Editorial

    DesignationTitle
    E135 - 14b Standard Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    Ti, Zr, W, Mo, Ta, Nb, Hf, Re

    DesignationTitle
    E539 - 11 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Titanium Alloys by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry
    E1409 - 13 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygen and Nitrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Inert Gas Fusion
    E1447 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determination of Hydrogen in Titanium and Titanium Alloys by the Inert Gas Fusion Thermal Conductivity/Infrared Detection Method
    E1552 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determining Hafnium in Zirconium and Zirconium Alloys By Direct Current Plasma—Atomic Emission Spectrometry
    E1569 - 09 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygen in Tantalum Powder by Inert Gas Fusion Technique
    E1941 - 10 Standard Test Method for Determination of Carbon in Refractory and Reactive Metals and Their Alloys by Combustion Analysis
    E2371 - 13 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Titanium and Titanium Alloys by Direct Current Plasma and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Test Methodology)
    E2626 - 08e1 Standard Guide for Spectrometric Analysis of Reactive and Refractory Metals

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


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