Aerospace Material Standards

    ASTM's aerospace material standards are instrumental in evaluating materials, components, and devices primarily used in aerospace and aircraft industries. The aerospace material standards allow various companies around the world to test these materials in order to evaluate their thermal, optical, mechanical, chemical, and electrical properties. These materials may be in the solid, liquid, or gas phase. The components and devices are also tested in order to determine their performance and safety operation. The aerospace material standards also discuss the design and safety operation of various engines to be used in unmanned aircraft systems and airplanes. These standards also help identify procedures for unmanned aircraft systems' visual range flight operations, airworthiness, maintenance manuals, and aviation regulations.

    List of aerospace material standards developed by ASTM:


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    Airworthiness

    DesignationTitle
    F2411 - 07 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of an Airborne Sense-and-Avoid System
    F2501 - 06 Standard Practices for Unmanned Aircraft System Airworthiness
    F2505 - 07 Standard Practice for Application of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Aviation Regulations Part 21 Requirements to Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS)
    F2512 - 07 Standard Practice for Quality Assurance in the Manufacture of Light Unmanned Aircraft System
    F2584 - 06 Standard Practice for Maintenance and Development of Maintenance Manuals for Light Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS)
    F2585 - 08 Standard Specification for Design and Performance of Pneumatic-Hydraulic Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Launch System
    F2612 - 07 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Turbine Engines for Unmanned Aircraft System
    F2667 - 07 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Reciprocating Compression Ignition Engines for Unmanned Aircraft Systems
    F2689 - 08 Standard Practice for Design and Manufacture of Reciprocating Spark Ignition Engines for Unmanned Aircraft Systems
    F2690 - 08 Standard Guide for Suggested Procedures for Applying for a Flight Authority for an Unmanned Aircraft System: Part I and Part II
    F2851 - 10 Standard Practice for UAS Registration and Marking (Excluding Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems)
    F2910 - 14 Standard Specification for Design and Construction of a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS)
    F2911 - 14e1 Standard Practice for Production Acceptance of Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS)
    F3002 - 14 Standard Specification for Design of the Command and Control System for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS)
    F3003 - 14 Standard Specification for Quality Assurance of a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS)
    F3005 - 14 Standard Specification for Batteries for Use in Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS)

    Contamination

    DesignationTitle
    E595 - 07 Standard Test Method for Total Mass Loss and Collected Volatile Condensable Materials from Outgassing in a Vacuum Environment
    E834 - 09 Standard Practice for Determining Vacuum Chamber Gaseous Environment Using a Cold Finger
    E1216 - 11 Standard Practice for Sampling for Particulate Contamination by Tape Lift
    E1234 - 12 Standard Practice for Handling, Transporting, and Installing Nonvolatile Residue (NVR) Sample Plates Used in Environmentally Controlled Areas for Spacecraft
    E1235 - 12 Standard Test Method for Gravimetric Determination of Nonvolatile Residue (NVR) in Environmentally Controlled Areas for Spacecraft
    E1548 - 09 Standard Practice for Preparation of Aerospace Contamination Control Plans
    E1549 / E1549M - 13 Standard Specification for ESD Controlled Garments Required in Cleanrooms and Controlled Environments for Spacecraft for Non-Hazardous and Hazardous Operations
    E1559 - 09 Standard Test Method for Contamination Outgassing Characteristics of Spacecraft Materials
    E1560 - 11e1 Standard Test Method for Gravimetric Determination of Nonvolatile Residue From Cleanroom Wipers
    E1731 - 11 Standard Test Method for Gravimetric Determination of Nonvolatile Residue from Cleanroom Gloves
    E1997 - 12 Standard Practice for the Selection of Spacecraft Materials
    E2042 / E2042M - 09 Standard Practice for Cleaning and Maintaining Controlled Areas and Clean Rooms
    E2088 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Selecting, Preparing, Exposing, and Analyzing Witness Surfaces for Measuring Particle Deposition in Cleanrooms and Associated Controlled Environments
    E2090 - 12 Standard Test Method for Size-Differentiated Counting of Particles and Fibers Released from Cleanroom Wipers Using Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy
    E2217 - 12 Standard Practice for Design and Construction of Aerospace Cleanrooms and Contamination Controlled Areas
    E2311 - 04(2009) Standard Practice for QCM Measurement of Spacecraft Molecular Contamination in Space
    E2312 - 11 Standard Practice for Tests of Cleanroom Materials
    E2352 - 04(2010) Standard Practice for Aerospace Cleanrooms and Associated Controlled Environments-Cleanroom Operations
    E2900 - 12 Standard Practice for Spacecraft Hardware Thermal Vacuum Bakeout
    F21 - 65(2007) Standard Test Method for Hydrophobic Surface Films by the Atomizer Test
    F22 - 13 Standard Test Method for Hydrophobic Surface Films by the Water-Break Test
    F24 - 09 Standard Method for Measuring and Counting Particulate Contamination on Surfaces
    F25 / F25M - 09 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Airborne Particulate Contamination in Cleanrooms and Other Dust-Controlled Areas
    F50 - 12 Standard Practice for Continuous Sizing and Counting of Airborne Particles in Dust-Controlled Areas and Clean Rooms Using Instruments Capable of Detecting Single Sub-Micrometre and Larger Particles
    F51 / F51M - 00(2014)e1 Standard Test Method for Sizing and Counting Particulate Contaminant In and On Clean Room Garments
    F91 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Testing for Leaks in the Filters Associated With Laminar Flow Clean Rooms and Clean Work Stations by Use of a Condensation Nuclei Detector
    F302 - 09 Standard Practice for Field Sampling of Aerospace Fluids in Containers
    F303 - 08 Standard Practices for Sampling for Particles in Aerospace Fluids and Components
    F307 - 13 Standard Practice for Sampling Pressurized Gas for Gas Analysis
    F309 - 04(2010) Standard Practice for Liquid Sampling of Noncryogenic Aerospace Propellants
    F310 - 07(2012) Standard Practice for Sampling Cryogenic Aerospace Fluids
    F311 - 08(2013) Standard Practice for Processing Aerospace Liquid Samples for Particulate Contamination Analysis Using Membrane Filters
    F312 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Microscopical Sizing and Counting Particles from Aerospace Fluids on Membrane Filters
    F327 - 08 Standard Practice for Sampling Gas Blow Down Systems and Components for Particulate Contamination by Automatic Particle Monitor Method
    F331 - 13 Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Residue of Solvent Extract from Aerospace Components (Using Flash Evaporator)

    Design of Avionics Systems

    DesignationTitle
    F3011 - 13 Standard Specification for Performance of Angle of Attack System

    Design, Alteration, and Certification of Electrical Systems

    DesignationTitle
    F2490 - 05(2013) Standard Guide for Aircraft Electrical Load and Power Source Capacity Analysis
    F2639 - 07e1 Standard Practice for Design, Alteration, and Certification of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems

    Flight Operations

    DesignationTitle
    F2395 - 07 Standard Terminology for Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems
    F2500 - 07 Standard Practice for Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Visual Range Flight Operations
    F2849 - 10 Standard Practice for Handling of Unmanned Aircraft Systems at Divert Airfields
    F2909 - 14 Standard Practice for Maintenance and Continued Airworthiness of Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS)

    Hydrogen Embrittlement

    DesignationTitle
    F326 - 96(2012) Standard Test Method for Electronic Measurement for Hydrogen Embrittlement From Cadmium-Electroplating Processes
    F519 - 13 Standard Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments
    F1113 - 87(2011) Standard Test Method for Electrochemical Measurement of Diffusible Hydrogen in Steels (Barnacle Electrode)
    F1459 - 06(2012) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Hydrogen Gas Embrittlement (HGE)
    F1624 - 12 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydrogen Embrittlement Threshold in Steel by the Incremental Step Loading Technique
    F2078 - 08a Standard Terminology Relating to Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing

    Inspection, Maintenance, and Repair

    DesignationTitle
    F2696 - 08 Standard Practice for Inspection of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems
    F2799 - 09 Standard Practice for Maintenance of Airplane Electrical Wiring Systems

    Personnel Training, Qualification and Certification

    DesignationTitle
    F2635 - 07 Standard Classification for Unmanned Aircraft Pilot Certification
    F2636 - 08 Standard Practice for Commercial Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Pilot Practical Test Standards for Unmanned Aircraft Single-Engine Land (SEL) Remote Control and Autonomous/Semiautonomous
    F2908 - 14 Standard Specification for Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) for a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS)

    Qualification Testing of Aircraft Cleaning Materials

    DesignationTitle
    F482 - 09 Standard Practice for Corrosion of Aircraft Metals by Total Immersion in Maintenance Chemicals
    F483 - 09 Standard Practice for Total Immersion Corrosion Test for Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals
    F484 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Stress Crazing of Acrylic Plastics in Contact with Liquid or Semi-Liquid Compounds
    F485 - 08(2013) Standard Practice for Effects of Cleaners on Unpainted Aircraft Surfaces
    F502 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces
    F862 - 11 Standard Practice for pH and Chloride-ion Concentration of Aerospace Hydraulic Fluids
    F945 - 12 Standard Test Method for Stress-Corrosion of Titanium Alloys by Aircraft Engine Cleaning Materials
    F1080 - 93(2013) Standard Test Method for Determining the Consistency of Viscous Liquids Using a Consistometer
    F1104 - 02(2013) Standard Test Method for Preparing Aircraft Cleaning Compounds, Liquid Type, Water Base, for Storage Stability Testing
    F1105 - 09 Standard Practice for Preparing Aircraft Cleaning Compounds, Liquid-Type, Temperature-Sensitive, or Solvent-Based, for Storage Stability Testing
    F1110 - 09 Standard Test Method for Sandwich Corrosion Test
    F1111 - 08b(2013) Standard Test Method for Corrosion of Low-Embrittling Cadmium Plate by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals
    F2109 - 01(2011) Standard Test Method to Determine Color Change and Staining Caused by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals upon Aircraft Cabin Interior Hard Surfaces
    F2111 - 01a(2011) Standard Practice for Measuring Intergranular Attack or End Grain Pitting on Metals Caused by Aircraft Chemical Processes

    Space Simulation Test Methods

    DesignationTitle
    E295 - 82(2014) Standard Test Method for Measured Speed of Oil Diffusion Pumps
    E296 - 70(2010) Standard Practice for Ionization Gage Application to Space Simulators
    E307 - 72(2014) Standard Test Method for Normal Spectral Emittance at Elevated Temperatures
    E408 - 13 Standard Test Methods for Total Normal Emittance of Surfaces Using Inspection-Meter Techniques
    E423 - 71(2014) Standard Test Method for Normal Spectral Emittance at Elevated Temperatures of Nonconducting Specimens
    E434 - 10 Standard Test Method for Calorimetric Determination of Hemispherical Emittance and the Ratio of Solar Absorptance to Hemispherical Emittance Using Solar Simulation
    E490 - 00a(2014) Standard Solar Constant and Zero Air Mass Solar Spectral Irradiance Tables
    E491 - 73(2010) Standard Practice for Solar Simulation for Thermal Balance Testing of Spacecraft
    E512 - 94(2010) Standard Practice for Combined, Simulated Space Environment Testing of Thermal Control Materials with Electromagnetic and Particulate Radiation
    E2089 - 00(2006) Standard Practices for Ground Laboratory Atomic Oxygen Interaction Evaluation of Materials for Space Applications

    Terminology, Units and Editorial

    DesignationTitle
    E349 - 06(2014) Standard Terminology Relating to Space Simulation

    Thermal Protection

    DesignationTitle
    E285 - 08 Standard Test Method for Oxyacetylene Ablation Testing of Thermal Insulation Materials
    E341 - 08 Standard Practice for Measuring Plasma Arc Gas Enthalpy by Energy Balance
    E377 - 08 Standard Practice for Internal Temperature Measurements in Low-Conductivity Materials
    E422 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Flux Using a Water-Cooled Calorimeter
    E457 - 08 Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat-Transfer Rate Using a Thermal Capacitance (Slug) Calorimeter
    E458 - 08 Standard Test Method for Heat of Ablation
    E459 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Transfer Rate Using a Thin-Skin Calorimeter
    E471 - 96(2011) Standard Test Method for Obtaining Char Density Profile of Ablative Materials by Machining and Weighing
    E511 - 07 Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Flux Using a Copper-Constantan Circular Foil, Heat-Flux Transducer
    E598 - 08 Standard Test Method for Measuring Extreme Heat-Transfer Rates from High-Energy Environments Using a Transient, Null-Point Calorimeter
    E637 - 05(2011) Standard Test Method for Calculation of Stagnation Enthalpy from Heat Transfer Theory and Experimental Measurements of Stagnation-Point Heat Transfer and Pressure
    E2683 - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Flux Using Flush-Mounted Insert Temperature-Gradient Gages
    E2684 - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring Heat Flux Using Surface-Mounted One-Dimensional Flat Gages

    Transparent Enclosures and Materials

    DesignationTitle
    F319 - 09 Standard Practice for Polarized Light Detection of Flaws in Aerospace Transparency Heating Elements
    F320 - 10 Standard Test Method for Hail Impact Resistance of Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    F330 - 10 Standard Test Method for Bird Impact Testing of Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    F428 - 09 Standard Test Method for Intensity of Scratches on Aerospace Glass Enclosures
    F520 - 10 Standard Test Method for Environmental Resistance of Aerospace Transparencies
    F521 - 83(2010) Standard Test Methods for Bond Integrity of Transparent Laminates
    F548 - 09 Standard Test Method for Intensity of Scratches on Aerospace Transparent Plastics
    F733 - 09 Standard Practice for Optical Distortion and Deviation of Transparent Parts Using the Double-Exposure Method
    F734 - 95(2011) Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Fusion Bonded Polycarbonate Aerospace Glazing Material
    F735 - 11 Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Transparent Plastics and Coatings Using the Oscillating Sand Method
    F736 - 95(2011) Standard Test Method for Impact Resistance of Monolithic Polycarbonate Sheet by Means of a Falling Weight
    F790 - 08(2013) Standard Guide for Testing Materials for Aerospace Plastic Transparent Enclosures
    F791 - 96(2013) Standard Test Method for Stress Crazing of Transparent Plastics
    F801 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Angular Deviation of Transparent Parts
    F942 - 02(2013) Standard Guide for Selection of Test Methods for Interlayer Materials for Aerospace Transparent Enclosures
    F1164 - 97(2009)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Transparent Plastics Exposed to Accelerated Weathering Combined with Biaxial Stress
    F1165 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring Angular Displacement of Multiple Images in Transparent Parts
    F1181 - 09 Standard Test Method for Measuring Binocular Disparity in Transparent Parts
    F1252 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Reflectivity of Transparent Materials
    F1316 - 90(2013) Standard Test Method for Measuring the Transmissivity of Transparent Parts
    F1362 - 13 Standard Test Method for Shear Strength and Shear Modulus of Aerospace Glazing Interlayer Materials
    F1863 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Night Vision Goggle-Weighted Transmisivity of Transparent Parts
    F1864 - 05(2010) Standard Test Method for Dust Erosion Resistance of Optical and Infrared Transparent Materials and Coatings
    F2108 - 06(2011) Standard Practice for Inspection of Transparent Parts by Prism
    F2156 - 11 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Distortion in Transparent Parts Using Grid Line Slope
    F2429 - 05(2010) Standard Terminology Relating to Aerospace Transparent Materials and Enclosures
    F2469 - 10 Standard Test Method for Measuring Optical Angular Deviation of Transparent Parts Using the Double-Exposure Method

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards