Adhesive Standards

    ASTM's adhesives standards are helpful in the evaluation and testing of adhesives. Adhesives standards allow various companies worldwide to test adhesives and their components. These adhesives can have different properties depending on their volatile and non-volatile contents. The standards help to identify these properties which include viscosity, adhesion, shear strength, and shear modulus. The adhesives are utilized to form bonds or joints between adherend materials which can be metal, wood, or plastic. The standards also help to identify adhesive bond or joint mechanical properties which include strength, creep, fracture, and fatigue. The different effects of environmental factors on adhesive bonds and joints are also evaluated. The adhesives standards are instrumental in determining various applications of adhesives such as in electrical insulation, sealing materials, and materials used in lumber products and floor systems.

    List of adhesive standards developed by ASTM:


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    Adhesive Material Classification System

    DesignationTitle
    D2851 - 98(2009) Standard Specification for Liquid Optical Adhesive
    D4562 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Adhesives Using Pin-and-Collar Specimen
    D4800 - 94(2011) Standard Guide for Classifying and Specifying Adhesives
    D5363 - 03(2008) Standard Specification for Anaerobic Single-Component Adhesives (AN)
    D5648 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Torque-Tension Relationship of Adhesives Used on Threaded Fasteners (Lubricity)
    D5649 - 01(2008) Standard Test Method for Torque Strength of Adhesives Used on Threaded Fasteners
    D6465 - 99(2012) Standard Guide for Selecting Aerospace and General Purpose Adhesives and Sealants
    D7447 - 08(2014) Standard Practice for Symbolizing Adhesive Applications

    Adhesives for Plastics

    DesignationTitle
    D904 - 99(2013) Standard Practice for Exposure of Adhesive Specimens to Artificial Light
    D1828 - 01(2013) Standard Practice for Atmospheric Exposure of Adhesive-Bonded Joints and Structures
    D2093 - 03(2011) Standard Practice for Preparation of Surfaces of Plastics Prior to Adhesive Bonding
    D3163 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Adhesively Bonded Rigid Plastic Lap-Shear Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    D3164 - 03(2011) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesively Bonded Plastic Lap-Shear Sandwich Joints in Shear by Tension Loading
    D3807 - 98(2012) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Cleavage Peel by Tension Loading (Engineering Plastics-to-Engineering Plastics)
    D3808 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Qualitative Determination of Adhesion of Adhesives to Substrates by Spot Adhesion
    D3929 - 03(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Stress Cracking of Plastics by Adhesives Using the Bent-Beam Method
    D4501 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Shear Strength of Adhesive Bonds Between Rigid Substrates by the Block-Shear Method
    D5041 - 98(2012) Standard Test Method for Fracture Strength in Cleavage of Adhesives in Bonded Joints
    D5573 - 99(2012) Standard Practice for Classifying Failure Modes in Fiber-Reinforced-Plastic (FRP) Joints
    D5868 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Lap Shear Adhesion for Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) Bonding
    D6105 - 04(2012) Standard Practice for Application of Electrical Discharge Surface Treatment (Activation) of Plastics for Adhesive Bonding

    Construction Adhesives

    DesignationTitle
    C557 - 03(2009)e1 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Fastening Gypsum Wallboard to Wood Framing
    D1779 - 98(2011) Standard Specification for Adhesive for Acoustical Materials
    D1995 - 92(2011) Standard Test Methods for Multi-Modal Strength Testing of Autohesives (Contact Adhesives)
    D3498 - 03(2011) Standard Specification for Adhesives for Field-Gluing Plywood to Lumber Framing for Floor Systems
    D3632 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Accelerated Aging of Adhesive Joints by the Oxygen-Pressure Method
    D3930 - 08 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Wood-Based Materials for Construction of Manufactured Homes
    D3931 - 08 Standard Test Method for Determining Strength of Gap-Filling Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    D3983 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Measuring Strength and Shear Modulus of Nonrigid Adhesives by the Thick-Adherend Tensile-Lap Specimen
    D4027 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Measuring Shear Properties of Structural Adhesives by the Modified-Rail Test
    D4502 - 92(2011) Standard Test Method for Heat and Moisture Resistance of Wood-Adhesive Joints
    D5215 - 93(2012) Standard Test Method for Instrumental Evaluation of Staining of Vinyl Flooring by Adhesives
    D5574 - 94(2012) Standard Test Methods for Establishing Allowable Mechanical Properties of Wood-Bonding Adhesives for Design of Structural Joints
    D6004 - 04(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining Adhesive Shear Strength of Carpet Adhesives
    D6005 - 03(2009) Standard Test Method for Determining Slump Resistance of Carpet Adhesives
    D6325 - 98(2011) Test Method for Determining Open Assembly Time of Carpet Mastic Adhesives
    D6464 - 03a(2009)e1 Standard Specification for Expandable Foam Adhesives for Fastening Gypsum Wallboard to Wood Framing
    D7446 - 09 Standard Specification for Structural Insulated Panel (SIP) Adhesives for Laminating Oriented Strand Board (OSB) to Rigid Cellular Polystryene Thermal Insulation Core Materials
    D7799 - 12a Standard Specification for Tufted and Woven Broadloom Carpet Adhesives Without Homogenous PVC or Non-PVC Backings

    Metal Bonding Adhesives

    DesignationTitle
    D896 - 04(2010)e1 Standard Practice for Resistance of Adhesive Bonds to Chemical Reagents
    D897 - 08 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Adhesive Bonds
    D903 - 98(2010) Standard Test Method for Peel or Stripping Strength of Adhesive Bonds
    D950 - 03(2011) Standard Test Method for Impact Strength of Adhesive Bonds
    D1002 - 10 Standard Test Method for Apparent Shear Strength of Single-Lap-Joint Adhesively Bonded Metal Specimens by Tension Loading (Metal-to-Metal)
    D1062 - 08 Standard Test Method for Cleavage Strength of Metal-to-Metal Adhesive Bonds
    D1151 - 00(2013) Standard Practice for Effect of Moisture and Temperature on Adhesive Bonds
    D1183 - 03(2011) Standard Practices for Resistance of Adhesives to Cyclic Laboratory Aging Conditions
    D1184 - 98(2012) Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Adhesive Bonded Laminated Assemblies
    D1304 - 99(2012) Standard Test Methods for Adhesives Relative to Their Use as Electrical Insulation
    D1780 - 05(2012) Standard Practice for Conducting Creep Tests of Metal-to-Metal Adhesives
    D1781 - 98(2012) Standard Test Method for Climbing Drum Peel for Adhesives
    D1876 - 08 Standard Test Method for Peel Resistance of Adhesives (T-Peel Test)
    D1879 - 06(2014) Standard Practice for Exposure of Adhesive Specimens to Ionizing Radiation
    D2094 - 00(2014) Standard Practice for Preparation of Bar and Rod Specimens for Adhesion Tests
    D2095 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Tensile Strength of Adhesives by Means of Bar and Rod Specimens
    D2293 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Creep Properties of Adhesives in Shear by Compression Loading (Metal-to-Metal)
    D2294 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Creep Properties of Adhesives in Shear by Tension Loading (Metal-to-Metal)
    D2295 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Shear by Tension Loading at Elevated Temperatures (Metal-to-Metal)
    D2557 - 98(2010)e1 Standard Test Method for Tensile-Shear Strength of Adhesives in the Subzero Temperature Range from -267.8 to -55°C (-450 to -67°F)
    D2651 - 01(2008) Standard Guide for Preparation of Metal Surfaces for Adhesive Bonding
    D2674 - 72(2012) Standard Methods of Analysis of Sulfochromate Etch Solution Used in Surface Preparation of Aluminum
    D2739 - 97(2010) Standard Test Method for Volume Resistivity of Conductive Adhesives
    D2918 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Durability Assessment of Adhesive Joints Stressed in Peel
    D2919 - 01(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Durability of Adhesive Joints Stressed in Shear by Tension Loading
    D3165 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Shear by Tension Loading of Single-Lap-Joint Laminated Assemblies
    D3166 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Fatigue Properties of Adhesives in Shear by Tension Loading (Metal/Metal)
    D3167 - 10 Standard Test Method for Floating Roller Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    D3310 - 00(2014) Standard Test Method for Determining Corrosivity of Adhesive Materials
    D3433 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Fracture Strength in Cleavage of Adhesives in Bonded Metal Joints
    D3482 - 07a(2014) Standard Practice for Determining Electrolytic Corrosion of Copper by Adhesives
    D3528 - 96(2008) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Double Lap Shear Adhesive Joints by Tension Loading
    D3658 - 01(2008) Standard Test Method for Determining the Torque Strength of Ultraviolet (UV) Light-Cured Glass/Metal Adhesive Joints
    D3762 - 03(2010) Standard Test Method for Adhesive-Bonded Surface Durability of Aluminum (Wedge Test)
    D3933 - 98(2010) Standard Guide for Preparation of Aluminum Surfaces for Structural Adhesives Bonding (Phosphoric Acid Anodizing)
    D4896 - 01(2008)e1 Standard Guide for Use of Adhesive-Bonded Single Lap-Joint Specimen Test Results
    D5656 - 10 Standard Test Method for Thick-Adherend Metal Lap-Shear Joints for Determination of the Stress-Strain Behavior of Adhesives in Shear by Tension Loading
    D5657 - 07(2014) Standard Test Method for Fluid Tightness Ability of Adhesives Used on Threaded Fasteners
    D6396 - 99(2012) Standard Test Method for Testing of Pipe Thread Sealants on Pipe Tees
    D6411 / D6411M - 99(2012) Standard Specification For Silicone Rubber Room Temperature Vulcanizing Low Outgassing Materials
    D6412 / D6412M - 99(2012) Standard Specification For Epoxy (Flexible) Adhesive For Bonding Metallic And Nonmetallic Materials

    Terminology

    DesignationTitle
    D907 - 12a Standard Terminology of Adhesives

    Wood Adhesives

    DesignationTitle
    D905 - 08(2013) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesive Bonds in Shear by Compression Loading
    D906 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Plywood Type Construction in Shear by Tension Loading
    D1101 - 97a(2013) Standard Test Methods for Integrity of Adhesive Joints in Structural Laminated Wood Products for Exterior Use
    D1488 - 00(2013) Standard Test Method for Amylaceous Matter in Adhesives
    D1490 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Urea-Formaldehyde Resin Solutions
    D1579 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Filler Content of Phenol, Resorcinol, and Melamine Adhesives
    D1582 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Liquid Phenol, Resorcinol, and Melamine Adhesives
    D1583 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Hydrogen Ion Concentration of Dry Adhesive Films
    D2339 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Strength Properties of Adhesives in Two-Ply Wood Construction in Shear by Tension Loading
    D2559 - 12a Standard Specification for Adhesives for Bonded Structural Wood Products for Use Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    D3434 - 00(2013) Standard Test Method for Multiple-Cycle Accelerated Aging Test (Automatic Boil Test) for Exterior Wet Use Wood Adhesives
    D3535 - 07a(2013) Standard Test Method for Resistance to Creep Under Static Loading for Structural Wood Laminating Adhesives Used Under Exterior Exposure Conditions
    D4300 - 01(2013) Standard Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fungi
    D4317 - 98(2011) Standard Specification for Polyvinyl Acetate-Based Emulsion Adhesives
    D4426 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of Percent Nonvolatile Content of Liquid Phenolic Resins Used for Wood Laminating
    D4680 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Creep and Time to Failure of Adhesives in Static Shear by Compression Loading (Wood-to-Wood)
    D4688 - 99(2013) Standard Test Method for Evaluating Structural Adhesives for Finger Jointing Lumber
    D4689 - 12 Standard Specification for Adhesive, Casein-Type
    D4690 - 12 Standard Specification for Urea-Formaldehyde Resin Adhesives
    D4783 - 01(2013) Standard Test Methods for Resistance of Adhesive Preparations in Container to Attack by Bacteria, Yeast, and Fungi
    D5266 - 13 Standard Practice for Estimating the Percentage of Wood Failure in Adhesive Bonded Joints
    D5572 - 95(2012) Standard Specification for Adhesives Used for Finger Joints in Nonstructural Lumber Products
    D5751 - 99(2012) Standard Specification for Adhesives Used for Laminate Joints in Nonstructural Lumber Products
    D5824 - 98(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining Resistance to Delamination of Adhesive Bonds in Overlay-Wood Core Laminates Exposed to Heat and Water
    D7247 - 07ae1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Shear Strength of Adhesive Bonds in Laminated Wood Products at Elevated Temperatures

    Working Properties

    DesignationTitle
    D899 - 00(2013) Standard Practice for Applied Weight Per Unit Area of Liquid Adhesive
    D1084 - 08 Standard Test Methods for Viscosity of Adhesives
    D1144 - 99(2011) Standard Practice for Determining Strength Development of Adhesive Bonds
    D1146 - 00(2013) Standard Test Method for Blocking Point of Potentially Adhesive Layers
    D1337 - 10 Standard Practice for Storage Life of Adhesives by Viscosity and Bond Strength
    D1338 - 99(2011) Standard Practice for Working Life of Liquid or Paste Adhesives by Consistency and Bond Strength
    D1489 - 09 Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Content of Aqueous Adhesives
    D1875 - 03(2013) Standard Test Method for Density of Adhesives in Fluid Form
    D2556 - 14 Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Adhesives Having Shear-Rate-Dependent Flow Properties Using Rotational Viscometry
    D4338 - 97(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Flexibility Determination of Supported Adhesive Films by Mandrel Bend
    D4339 - 01(2013) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Odor of Adhesives
    D5040 - 90(2011) Standard Test Methods for Ash Content of Adhesives
    D5113 - 97(2011)e1 Standard Test Method for Determining Adhesive Attack on Rigid Cellular Foam
    D5267 - 97(2012) Standard Test Method for Determination of Extrudability of Cartridge Adhesives
    D6862 - 11 Standard Test Method for 90 Degree Peel Resistance of Adhesives
    D7149 - 05(2011)e1 Standard Practice for Determining the Freeze Thaw Stability of Adhesives
    D7532 - 09 Standard Practice for Determination of Re-tack Ability of Carpet Adhesives
    D7888 - 13 Standard Practice for Evaluating Adhesive and the Effects of Plasticizer Found Within Polyvinyl Chloride-Backed Floor Coverings

    Other standards developed by ASTM committees:


    3D Imaging Standards

    Additive Manufacturing Standards

    Adhesive Standards

    Aerospace Material Standards

    Analytical Chemistry Standards

    Asset Management Standards

    Atmospheric Analysis Standards

    Biotechnology Standards

    Construction Standards

    Business Copy Product Standards

    Carbon Standards

    Catalyst Standards

    Cement Standards and Concrete Standards

    Coal Standards and Gas Standards

    Composite Standards

    Computerized System Standards

    Consumer Product Evaluation Standards

    Copper Standards

    Corrosion Standards and Wear Standards

    Durability of Nonmetallic Material Standards

    Electrical Insulating Material Standards

    Electrical Standards and Magnetic Conductor Standards

    Electronics Standards

    Environmental Standards

    Fastener Standards

    Fatigue Standards and Fracture Standards

    Fire Standards and Flammability Standards

    Forensic Science Standards

    Geotechnical Engineering Standards

    Glass Standards and Ceramic Standards

    Industrial Chemical Standards

    Industrial Hygiene Standards and Safety Standards

    Laboratory Testing Standards

    Leather Standards

    Masonry Standards

    Medical Device Standards and Implant Standards