Significance and Use
This test method is designed to rank material couples in their resistance to the failure mode caused by galling and not merely to classify the surface appearance of sliding surfaces.
This test method should be considered when damaged (galled) surfaces render components non-serviceable. Experience has shown that galling is most prevalent in sliding systems that are slow moving and operate intermittently. The galling and seizure of threaded components is a classic example which this test method most closely simulates.
Other galling-prone examples include: sealing surfaces of value trim which may leak excessively due to galling; and pump wear rings that may function ineffectively due to galling.
If the equipment continues to operate satisfactorily and loses dimension gradually, then mechanical wear should be evaluated by a different test such as the crossed cylinder Test Method (see Test Method G83). Chain belt pins and bushings are examples of this type of problem.
This test method should not be used for quantitative or final design purposes since many environmental factors influence the galling performance of materials in service. Lubrication, alignment, stiffness and geometry are only some of the factors that can affect how materials perform. This test method has proven valuable in screening materials for prototypical testing that more closely simulates actual service conditions.
1.1 This test method covers a laboratory test which ranks the galling resistance of material couples. Most galling studies have been conducted on bare metals and alloys; however, non-metallics, coatings, and surface modified alloys may also be evaluated by this test method.
1.2 This test method is not designed for evaluating the galling resistance of material couples sliding under lubricated conditions because galling usually will not occur under lubricated sliding conditions using this test method.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
G83 Test Method for Wear Testing with a Crossed-Cylinder Apparatus
button-on-block test; galling; galling resistance ranking; macroscopic surface damage; seized components; sliding metallic surfaces; threshold galling stress; Button-on-block test; Compression testing--metallic materials; Damage assessment; Destructive testing; Failure end point--metals/alloys; Flanges/fittings/valves/parts; Stress--metallic materials; Galling-resistant materials/applications; Loading tests--metals/alloys; Macroscopic analysis; Metals and metallic materials; Nonmetallic materials; Pumps; Resistance; Sliding wear test data; Steel flanges; Surface analysis--metals/alloys; Threshold galling stress; Valve trim; Visual examination--metals/alloys; Wear testing--metallic materials;
ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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