Significance and Use
General corrosion is characterized by areas of greater or lesser attack, throughout the plant, at a particular location, or even on a particular probe. Therefore, the estimation of corrosion rate as with mass loss coupons involves an averaging across the surface of the probe. Allowance must be made for the fact that areas of greater or lesser penetration usually exist on the surface. Visual inspection of the probe element, coupon, or electrode is required to determine the degree of interference in the measurement caused by such variability. This variability is less critical where relative changes in corrosion rate are to be detected.
Both electrical test methods described in this guide provide a technique for determining corrosion rates without the need to physically enter the system to withdraw coupons as required by the methods described in Guide G 4.
Test Method B has the additional advantage of providing corrosion rate measurement within minutes.
These techniques are useful in systems where process upsets or other problems can create corrosive conditions. An early warning of corrosive attack can permit remedial action before significant damage occurs to process equipment.
These techniques are also useful where inhibitor additions are used to control the corrosion of equipment. The indication of an increasing corrosion rate can be used to signal the need for additional inhibitor.
Control of corrosion in process equipment requires a knowledge of the rate of attack on an ongoing basis. These test methods can be used to provide such information in digital format easily transferred to computers for analysis.
TEST METHOD A—ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE
1.1 This guide covers the procedure for conducting online corrosion monitoring of metals in plant equipment under operating conditions by the use of electrical or electrochemical methods. Within the limitations described, these test methods can be used to determine cumulative metal loss or instantaneous corrosion rate, intermittently or on a continuous basis, without removal of the monitoring probes from the plant.
1.2 The following test methods are included: Test Method A for electrical resistance, and Test Method B for polarization resistance.
1.2.1 Test Method A provides information on cumulative metal loss, and corrosion rate is inferred. This test method responds to the remaining metal thickness except as described in Section .
1.2.2 Test Method B is based on electrochemical measurements for determination of instantaneous corrosion rate but may require calibration with other techniques to obtain true corrosion rates. Its primary value is the rapid detection of changes in the corrosion rate that may be indicative of undesirable changes in the process environment.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be considered standard. The values in parentheses are for information only.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in 5.6.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1125 Test Methods for Electrical Conductivity and Resistivity of Water
G1 Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens
G3 Practice for Conventions Applicable to Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing
G4 Guide for Conducting Corrosion Tests in Field Applications
G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing
G59 Test Method for Conducting Potentiodynamic Polarization Resistance Measurements
G102 Practice for Calculation of Corrosion Rates and Related Information from Electrochemical Measurements
corrosion monitoring in plant equipment; electrical resistance method of corrosion measurement; online corrosion monitoring; polarization resistance method of corrosion measurement;
ICS Number Code 77.060 (Corrosion of metals)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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