Active Standard ASTM G93 | Developed by Subcommittee: G04.02
Book of Standards Volume: 14.04
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The purpose of this practice is to furnish qualified technical personnel with pertinent information for the selection of cleaning methods for cleaning materials and equipment to be used in oxygen-enriched environments. This practice furnishes qualified technical personnel with guidance in the specification of oxygen system cleanliness needs. It does not actually specify cleanliness levels.
Insufficient cleanliness of components used in oxygen systems can result in the ignition of contaminants or components by a variety of mechanisms such as particle, mechanical, or pneumatic impact. These mechanisms are explained in detail in Guide G88.
Adequate contamination control in oxygen systems is imperative to minimize hazards and component failures that can result from contamination. Contamination must also be minimized to ensure an acceptable product purity.
Removal of contaminants from materials and components depends on system configuration, materials of construction, and type and quantity of contaminant.
Examples of cleaning procedures contained herein may be followed or specified for those materials, components, and equipment indicated. The general cleaning text can be used to establish cleaning procedures for materials, components, equipment, and applications not addressed in detail. See Guide G127 for discussion of cleaning agent and procedure selection.
1.1 This practice covers the selection of methods and apparatus for cleaning materials and equipment intended for service in oxygen-enriched environments. Contamination problems encountered in the use of enriched air, mixtures of oxygen with other gases, or any other oxidizing gas may be solved by the same cleaning procedures applicable to most metallic and nonmetallic materials and equipment. Cleaning examples for some specific materials, components, and equipment, and the cleaning methods for particular applications, are given in the appendices.
1.2 This practice includes levels of cleanliness used for various applications and the methods used to obtain and verify these levels.
1.3 This practice applies to chemical-, solvent-, and aqueous-based processes.
1.4 This practice describes nonmandatory material for choosing the required levels of cleanliness for systems exposed to oxygen or oxygen-enriched atmospheres.
1.5 This practice proposes a practical range of cleanliness levels that will satisfy most system needs, but it does not deal in quantitative detail with the many conditions that might demand greater cleanliness or that might allow greater contamination levels to exist. Furthermore, it does not propose specific ways to measure or monitor these levels from among the available methods.
1.6 The values stated in both inch-pound and SI units are to be regarded separately as the standard unit. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Federal, state and local safety and disposal regulations concerning the particular hazardous materials, reagents, operations, and equipment being used should be reviewed by the user. The user is encouraged to obtain the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) from the manufacturer for any material incorporated into a cleaning process. Specific cautions are given in Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A380 Practice for Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel Parts, Equipment, and Systems
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E312 Practice for Description and Selection of Conditions for Photographing Specimens Using Analog (Film) Cameras and Digital Still Cameras (DSC)
E1235 Test Method for Gravimetric Determination of Nonvolatile Residue (NVR) in Environmentally Controlled Areas for Spacecraft
E2042 Practice for Cleaning and Maintaining Controlled Areas and Clean Rooms
F312 Test Methods for Microscopical Sizing and Counting Particles from Aerospace Fluids on Membrane Filters
F331 Test Method for Nonvolatile Residue of Solvent Extract from Aerospace Components (Using Flash Evaporator)
G63 Guide for Evaluating Nonmetallic Materials for Oxygen Service
G88 Guide for Designing Systems for Oxygen Service
G121 Practice for Preparation of Contaminated Test Coupons for the Evaluation of Cleaning Agents
G122 Test Method for Evaluating the Effectiveness of Cleaning Agents
G125 Test Method for Measuring Liquid and Solid Material Fire Limits in Gaseous Oxidants
G127 Guide for the Selection of Cleaning Agents for Oxygen Systems
G128 Guide for Control of Hazards and Risks in Oxygen Enriched Systems
G131 Practice for Cleaning of Materials and Components by Ultrasonic Techniques
G136 Practice for Determination of Soluble Residual Contaminants in Materials by Ultrasonic Extraction
G144 Test Method for Determination of Residual Contamination of Materials and Components by Total Carbon Analysis Using a High Temperature Combustion Analyzer
CGA DocumentsCGAPamphletG-4.4 Industrial Practices for Gaseous Oxygen Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems
SAE DocumentARP598 The Determination of Particulate Contamination in Liquids by the Particle Count Method Available from SAE International (SAE), 400 Commonwealth Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001, http://www.sae.org.