ASTM G4 - 01(2008)

    Standard Guide for Conducting Corrosion Tests in Field Applications

    Active Standard ASTM G4 | Developed by Subcommittee: G01.14

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    Significance and Use

    Note 1—This guide is consistent with NACE Standard RP0497.

    Observations and data derived from corrosion testing are used to determine the average rate of corrosion or other types of attack, or both (see Terminology G 15), that occur during the exposure interval. The data may be used as part of an evaluation of candidate materials of construction for use in similar service or for replacement materials in existing facilities.

    The data developed from in-plant tests may also be used as guide lines to the behavior of existing plant materials for the purpose of scheduling maintenance and repairs.

    Corrosion rate data derived from a single exposure generally do not provide information on corrosion rate change versus time. Corrosion rates may increase, decrease, or remain constant, depending on the nature of the corrosion products and the effects of incubation time required at the onset of pitting or crevice corrosion.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers procedures for conducting corrosion tests in plant equipment or systems under operating conditions to evaluate the corrosion resistance of engineering materials. It does not cover electrochemical methods for determining corrosion rates.

    1.1.1 While intended primarily for immersion tests, general guidelines provided can be applicable for exposure of test specimens in plant atmospheres, provided that placement and orientation of the test specimens is non-restrictive to air circulation.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See also 10.4.2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels

    E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens

    G1 Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens

    G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing

    G16 Guide for Applying Statistics to Analysis of Corrosion Data

    G30 Practice for Making and Using U-Bend Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens

    G36 Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion-Cracking Resistance of Metals and Alloys in a Boiling Magnesium Chloride Solution

    G37 Practice for Use of Mattssons Solution of pH 7.2 to Evaluate the Stress-Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Copper-Zinc Alloys

    G41 Practice for Determining Cracking Susceptibility of Metals Exposed Under Stress to a Hot Salt Environment

    G44 Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5 % Sodium Chloride Solution

    G46 Guide for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion

    G47 Test Method for Determining Susceptibility to Stress-Corrosion Cracking of 2XXX and 7XXX Aluminum Alloy Products

    G58 Practice for Preparation of Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens for Weldments

    G78 Guide for Crevice Corrosion Testing of Iron-Base and Nickel-Base Stainless Alloys in Seawater and Other Chloride-Containing Aqueous Environments

    NACE Standard

    RP0497 Field Corrosion Evaluation Using Metallic Test Specimens


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.060 (Corrosion of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41114604(Corrosion testers)


    DOI: 10.1520/G0004-01R08

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