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    ASTM G28 - 02(2015)

    Standard Test Methods for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion in Wrought, Nickel-Rich, Chromium-Bearing Alloys

    Active Standard ASTM G28 | Developed by Subcommittee: G01.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    Significance and Use

    3.1 The boiling ferric sulfate-sulfuric acid test may be applied to the following alloys in the wrought condition:

    Alloy

    Testing Time, h

     

    N06007

     120

    N06022

     24

    N06030

    120

    N06059

     24

    N06200

     24

    N06455

     24

    N06600

     24

    N06625

    120

    N06686

     24

    N06985

    120

    N08020

    120

    N08367

     24

    N08800

    120

     N08825A

    120

    N10276

     24

    (A) While the ferric sulfate-sulfuric acid test does detect susceptibility to inter- granular corrosion in Alloy N08825, the boiling 65 % nitric acid test, Practices A262, Practice C, for detecting susceptibility to intergranular corrosion in stainless steels is more sensitive and should be used if the intended service is nitric acid.

    3.2 This test method may be used to evaluate as-received material and to evaluate the effects of subsequent heat treatments. In the case of nickel-rich, chromium-bearing alloys, the test method may be applied to wrought and weldments of products. The test method is not applicable to cast products.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover two tests as follows:

    1.1.1 Method A, Ferric Sulfate-Sulfuric Acid Test (Sections 3 – 10, inclusive)This test method describes the procedure for conducting the boiling ferric sulfate—50 % sulfuric acid test which measures the susceptibility of certain nickel-rich, chromium-bearing alloys to intergranular corrosion (see Terminology G15), which may be encountered in certain service environments. The uniform corrosion rate obtained by this test method, which is a function of minor variations in alloy composition, may easily mask the intergranular corrosion components of the overall corrosion rate on alloys N10276, N06022, N06059, and N06455.

    1.1.2 Method B, Mixed Acid-Oxidizing Salt Test (Sections 11 – 18, inclusive)This test method describes the procedure for conducting a boiling 23 % sulfuric + 1.2 % hydrochloric + 1 % ferric chloride + 1 % cupric chloride test which measures the susceptibility of certain nickel-rich, chromium-bearing alloys to display a step function increase in corrosion rate when there are high levels of grain boundary precipitation.

    1.2 The purpose of these two test methods is to detect susceptibility to intergranular corrosion as influenced by variations in processing or composition, or both. Materials shown to be susceptible may or may not be intergranularly corroded in other environments. This must be established independently by specific tests or by service experience.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Warning statements are given in 5.1.1, 5.1.3, 5.1.9, 13.1.1, and 13.1.11.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.120.40 (Nickel, chromium and their alloys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/G0028-02R15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM G28-02(2015), Standard Test Methods for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Corrosion in Wrought, Nickel-Rich, Chromium-Bearing Alloys, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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