ASTM G204 - 10

    Standard Test Method for Damage to Contacting Solid Surfaces under Fretting Conditions

    Active Standard ASTM G204 | Developed by Subcommittee: G02.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    ASTM G204

    Significance and Use

    Fretting wear and corrosion are potential serviceability factors in many machines. They have always been factors in shipping finished goods by truck or rail. Packing materials rubbing on a product in transit can make the product unsalable. Beverage cans and food cans can lose their trade dress and consumers often equate container damage to content damage.

    Clamping surfaces on injection molds are damaged by fretting motions on clamping. This damage is a significant cause for mold replacement.

    Machines in shipment are subject to fretting damage in the real area of contact of the bearings on the machines.

    Operating vibration and movement of mechanically clamped components, like screwed assemblies, can produce damage on the clamped faces and other faces that affects machine function or use. Many times fretting damage appears in the form of pits, which are stress concentrators that can lead to mechanical fractures.

    Electrical contacts in any device that is subject to vibration are susceptible to failure (open circuit) due to fretting damage at real areas of contact.

    This test method is intended to be used to identify mating couples that may be less prone to fretting damage than others. This information in turn is used to select materials of construction or surface treatments that are less prone to fretting damage for applications where fretting conditions are known or perceived to exist.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the studying or ranking the susceptibility of candidate materials to fretting corrosion or fretting wear for the purposes of material selection for applications where fretting corrosion or fretting wear can limit serviceability.

    1.2 This test method uses a tribological bench test apparatus with a mechanism or device that will produce the necessary relative motion between a contacting hemispherical rider and a flat counterface. The rider is pressed against the flat counterface with a loading mass.    The test method is intended for use in room temperature air, but future editions could include fretting in the presence of lubricants or other environments.

    1.3 The purpose of this test method is to rub two solid surfaces together under controlled fretting conditions and to quantify the damage to both surfaces in units of volume loss for the test method.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion

    G99 Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus

    G133 Test Method for Linearly Reciprocating Ball-on-Flat Sliding Wear


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.260 (Lubrication systems)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/G0204-10

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