Significance and Use
Soil ORP, in conjunction with other soil characteristics such as electrical resistivity (see Test Methods G 57 and G 187), is used to predict corrosion tendencies of buried metallic structures (for example, pipelines and culverts. The ORP of the soil is one of many factors that influence structure service life. Its measurement is used in the design of new buried structures and in the evaluation of existing buried structures.
Soil ORP is a time-sensitive measurement. For an accurate indication of soil corrosivity, the measurement should be made as soon as practicable after removal of the soil sample from the ground.
The user of this test method is responsible for determining the significance of reported ORP measurements. ORP alone should typically not be used in characterizing the corrosivity of a particular soil. ORP measurements are appropriate when evaluating oxygen related reactions.
ORP measurements can sometimes be quite variable and non-reproducible. This is related, in part, to the general heterogeneity of a given soil. It is also related to the introduction of increased oxygen into the sample after extraction. The interpretation of soil ORP should be considered in terms of its general range rather than as an absolute measurement.
ORP measurements can be used to determine if a particular soil has the propensity to support microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) attack. These measurements can also be used to provide an indication of whether soil conditions will be aerobic or anaerobic. Appendix X1 provides reference guidelines for general interpretation of ORP data.
1.1 This test method covers a procedure and related test equipment for measuring oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of soil samples removed from the ground.
1.2 The procedure in Section 9 is appropriate for field and laboratory measurements.
1.3 Accurate measurement of oxidation-reduction potential aids in the analysis of soil corrosivity and its impact on buried metallic structure corrosion rates.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1498 Test Method for Oxidation-Reduction Potential of Water
E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method
G3 Practice for Conventions Applicable to Electrochemical Measurements in Corrosion Testing
G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing
G57 Test Method for Field Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Wenner Four-Electrode Method
G187 Test Method for Measurement of Soil Resistivity Using the Two-Electrode Soil Box Method
ORP; oxidation-reduction potential; soil;
ICS Number Code 13.080.30 (Biological properties of soil)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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