ASTM G195 - 13a

    Standard Guide for Conducting Wear Tests Using a Rotary Platform Abraser

    Active Standard ASTM G195 | Developed by Subcommittee: G02.30

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test guide provides a means to quantify the abrasion resistance of material surfaces, and may be related to end-use performance, or used to comparatively rank material performance, or both. The resistance of material surfaces to abrasion, as measured on a testing machine in the laboratory, is generally only one of several factors contributing to wear performance as experienced in the actual use of the material. Other factors may need to be considered in any calculation of predicted life from specific abrasion data.

    5.2 The resistance of material surfaces to abrasion may be affected by factors including test conditions; type of abradant; pressure between the specimen and abradant; mounting or tension of the specimen; and type, kind, or amount of finishing materials.

    5.3 Abrasion tests utilizing the rotary platform abraser may be subject to variation due to changes in the abradant during the course of specific tests. Depending on abradant type and test specimen, the abrading wheel surface may change (that is, become clogged) due to the pick-up of finishing or other materials from test specimens. To reduce this variation, the abrading wheels should be resurfaced at regularly defined intervals. See Appendix X2.

    5.4 The measurement of the relative amount of abrasion may be affected by the method of evaluation and influenced by the judgment of the operator.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers and is intended to assist in establishing procedures for conducting wear tests of rigid or flexible materials utilizing the rotary platform abraser.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.2.1 Exception—Inch-pound units are used when stating rotational speed and determining coating thickness.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C501 Test Method for Relative Resistance to Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by the Taber Abraser

    C1353 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Dimension Stone Subjected to Foot Traffic Using a Rotary Platform, Double-Head Abraser

    D1044 Test Method for Resistance of Transparent Plastics to Surface Abrasion

    D3389 Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader)

    D3451 Guide for Testing Coating Powders and Powder Coatings

    D3730 Guide for Testing High-Performance Interior Architectural Wall Coatings

    D3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)

    D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser

    D4685 Test Method for Pile Fabric Abrasion

    D4712 Guide for Testing Industrial Water-Reducible Coatings

    D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

    D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)

    D5144 Guide for Use of Protective Coating Standards in Nuclear Power Plants

    D5146 Guide to Testing Solvent-Borne Architectural Coatings

    D5324 Guide for Testing Water-Borne Architectural Coatings

    D6037 Test Methods for Dry Abrasion Mar Resistance of High Gloss Coatings

    D7255 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Leather (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)

    F362 Test Method for Determining the Erasability of Inked Ribbons

    F510 Test Method for Resistance to Abrasion of Resilient Floor Coverings Using an Abrader with a Grit Feed Method

    F1344 Specification for Rubber Floor Tile

    F1478 Test Method for Determination of Abrasion Resistance of Images Produced from Copiers and Printers (Taber Method)

    F1978 Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Resistance of Metallic Thermal Spray Coatings by Using the Taber Abraser

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41114625(Wear testers)


    DOI: 10.1520/G0195

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