Significance and Use
This test guide provides a means to quantify the abrasion resistance of material surfaces, and may be related to end-use performance, or used to comparatively rank material performance, or both. The resistance of material surfaces to abrasion, as measured on a testing machine in the laboratory, is generally only one of several factors contributing to wear performance as experienced in the actual use of the material. Other factors may need to be considered in any calculation of predicted life from specific abrasion data.
The resistance of material surfaces to abrasion may be affected by factors including test conditions; type of abradant; pressure between the specimen and abradant; mounting or tension of the specimen; and type, kind, or amount of finishing materials.
Abrasion tests utilizing the rotary platform, double head abraser may be subject to variation due to changes in the abradant during the course of specific tests. Depending on abradant type and test specimen, the abrading wheel surface may change (i.e. become clogged) due to the pick-up of finishing or other materials from test specimens. To reduce this variation, the abrading wheels should be resurfaced at regularly defined intervals. See Appendix X2.
The measurement of the relative amount of abrasion may be affected by the method of evaluation and influenced by the judgment of the operator.
1.1 This guide covers and is intended to assist in establishing procedures for conducting wear tests of rigid or flexible materials utilizing the rotary platform, double-head abraser (RPDH).
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.2.1 Exception—English units are used when determining coating thickness.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C501 Test Method for Relative Resistance to Wear of Unglazed Ceramic Tile by the Taber Abraser
C1353 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Dimension Stone Subjected to Foot Traffic Using a Rotary Platform, Double-Head Abraser
D1044 Test Method for Resistance of Transparent Plastics to Surface Abrasion
D3389 Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader)
D3451 Guide for Testing Coating Powders and Powder Coatings
D3730 Guide for Testing High-Performance Interior Architectural Wall Coatings
D3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)
D4060 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by the Taber Abraser
D4685 Test Method for Pile Fabric Abrasion
D4712 Guide for Testing Industrial Water-Reducible Coatings
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)
D5144 Guide for Use of Protective Coating Standards in Nuclear Power Plants
D5146 Guide to Testing Solvent-Borne Architectural Coatings
D5324 Guide for Testing Water-Borne Architectural Coatings
D6037 Test Methods for Dry Abrasion Mar Resistance of High Gloss Coatings
D7255 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Leather (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)
F362 Test Method for Determining the Erasability of Inked Ribbons
F510 Test Method for Resistance to Abrasion of Resilient Floor Coverings Using an Abrader with a Grit Feed Method
F1344 Specification for Rubber Floor Tile
F1478 Test Method for Determination of Abrasion Resistance of Images Produced from Copiers and Printers (Taber Method)
F1978 Test Method for Measuring Abrasion Resistance of Metallic Thermal Spray Coatings by Using the Taber Abraser
G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion
abraser; abrasion; abrasion resistance; rotary platform; Taber; wear; Abrasion; Abrasion resistance; Rotary platform; Taber tester; Wear testing;
ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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