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Significance and Use
5.1 Precracked specimens offer the opportunity to use the principles of linear elastic fracture mechanics (1)4 to evaluate resistance to stress corrosion cracking in the presence of a pre-existing crack. This type of evaluation is not included in conventional bent beam, C-ring, U-bend, and tension specimens. The precracked double beam specimen is particularly useful for evaluation of materials that display a strong dependence on grain orientation. Since the specimen dimension in the direction of applied stress is small for the precracked double beam specimen, it can be successfully used to evaluate short transverse stress corrosion cracking of wrought products, such as rolled plate or extrusions. The research applications and analysis of precracked specimens in general, and the precracked double beam specimen in particular, are discussed in Appendix X1.
5.2 The precracked double beam specimen may be stressed in either constant displacement or constant load. Constant displacement specimens stressed by loading bolts or wedges are compact and self-contained. By comparison, constant load specimens stressed with springs (for example, proof rings, discussed in Test Method G49, 220.127.116.11) or by deadweight loading require additional fixtures that remain with the specimen during exposure.
5.3 The recommendations of this practice are based on the results of interlaboratory programs to evaluate precracked specimen test procedures (2,3) as well as considerable industrial experience with the precracked double beam specimen and other precracked specimen geometries (4-8).
1.1 This practice covers procedures for fabricating, preparing, and using precracked double beam stress corrosion test specimens. This specimen configuration was formerly designated the double cantilever beam (DCB) specimen. Guidelines are given for methods of exposure and inspection.
1.2 The precracked double beam specimen, as described in this practice, is applicable for evaluation of a wide variety of metals exposed to corrosive environments. It is particularly suited to evaluation of products having a highly directional grain structure, such as rolled plate, forgings, and extrusions, when stressed in the short transverse direction.
1.3 The precracked double beam specimen may be stressed in constant displacement by bolt or wedge loading or in constant load by use of proof rings or dead weight loading. The precracked double beam specimen is amenable to exposure to aqueous or other liquid solutions by specimen immersion or by periodic dropwise addition of solution to the crack tip, or exposure to the atmosphere.
1.4 This practice is concerned only with precracked double beam specimen and not with the detailed environmental aspects of stress corrosion testing, which are covered in Practices G35, G36, G37, G41, G44, and G50.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E399 Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness KIc of Metallic Materials
E1823 Terminology Relating to Fatigue and Fracture Testing
G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing
G35 Practice for Determining the Susceptibility of Stainless Steels and Related Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys to Stress-Corrosion Cracking in Polythionic Acids
G36 Practice for Evaluating Stress-Corrosion-Cracking Resistance of Metals and Alloys in a Boiling Magnesium Chloride Solution
G37 Practice for Use of Mattssons Solution of pH 7.2 to Evaluate the Stress-Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Copper-Zinc Alloys
G41 Practice for Determining Cracking Susceptibility of Metals Exposed Under Stress to a Hot Salt Environment
G44 Practice for Exposure of Metals and Alloys by Alternate Immersion in Neutral 3.5 % Sodium Chloride Solution
G49 Practice for Preparation and Use of Direct Tension Stress-Corrosion Test Specimens
G50 Practice for Conducting Atmospheric Corrosion Tests on Metals
ICS Number Code 77.060 (Corrosion of metals)
UNSPSC Code 41114604(Corrosion testers)