ASTM G136 - 03(2009)

    Standard Practice for Determination of Soluble Residual Contaminants in Materials by Ultrasonic Extraction

    Active Standard ASTM G136 | Developed by Subcommittee: G04.02

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.04


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    Significance and Use

    This practice is suitable for the determination of extractable substances that may be found in materials used in systems or components requiring a high level of cleanliness, such as oxygen systems. Soft goods, such as seals and valve seats, may be tested as received. Gloves and wipes, or samples thereof, to be used in cleaning operations may be evaluated prior to use to ensure that the proposed extracting agent does not extract or deposit chemicals, or both, on the surface to be cleaned.

    Wipes or other cleaning equipment may be tested after use to determine the amount of contaminant removed from a surface.

    Note 1—The amount of material extracted may be dependent upon the frequency and power density of the ultrasonic unit.

    The extraction efficiency has been shown to vary with the frequency and power density of the ultrasonic unit. The unit, therefore, must be carefully evaluated to optimize the extraction conditions.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice may be used to extract nonvolatile and semivolatile residues from materials such as new and used gloves, new and used wipes, component soft goods, and so forth. When used with proposed cleaning materials (wipes, gloves, and so forth), this practice may be used to determine the potential of the proposed solvent or other fluids to extract contaminants (plasticizers, residual detergents, brighteners, and so forth.) and deposit them on the surface being cleaned.

    1.2 This practice is not suitable for the evaluation of particulate contamination.

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E1235 Test Method for Gravimetric Determination of Nonvolatile Residue (NVR) in Environmentally Controlled Areas for Spacecraft

    F324 Test Method for Nonvolatile Residue of Volatile Cleaning Solvents Using the Solvent Purity Meter

    F331 Test Method for Nonvolatile Residue of Solvent Extract from Aerospace Components (Using Flash Evaporator)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.020 (Test conditions and procedures in general); 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/G0136-03R09

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