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Significance and Use
4.1 This test method represents the preferable means for calibrating both narrow-band and broad-band ultraviolet radiometers. Calibration of narrow- and broad-band ultraviolet radiometers involving direct measurement of a standard source of spectral irradiance is an alternative method for calibrating ultraviolet radiometers. This approach is valid only if corrections for the spectral response of the instrument and the spectral mismatch between the calibration spectral distribution and the target spectral distribution can be computed. See Test Method for a description of the spectral mismatch calculation.
4.2 The accuracy of this calibration technique is dependent on the condition of the light source (for example, cloudy skies, polluted skies, aged lamps, defective luminaires, etc.), and on source alignment, source to receptor distance, and source power regulation.
4.3 Spectroradiometric measurements performed using either an integrating sphere or a cosine receptor (such as a shaped PTFE3, or Al2O3 diffuser plate) provide a measurement of hemispherical spectral irradiance in the plane of the sphere's entrance port. As such, the aspect of the receptor plane relative to the reference light source must be defined (azimuth and tilt from the horizontal for solar measurements, normal incidence with respect to the beam component of sunlight, or normal incidence and the geometrical aspect with respect to an artificial light source, or array). It is important that the geometrical aspect between the plane of the spectroradiometer's source optics and that of the radiometer being calibrated be as nearly identical as possible.
4.4 Calibration measurements performed using a spectroradiometer equipped with a pyrheliometer-comparison tube (a sky-occluding tube), regardless of whether affixed directly to the monochromator's entrance slit, to the end of a fiber optic bundle, or to the aperture of an integrating sphere, shall not be performed unless the radiometer being calibrated is configured as a pyrheliometer (possesses a view-limiting device having the approximate optical constants of the spectroradiometer's pyrheliometer-comparison tube).
4.5 Spectroradiometric measurements performed using source optics other than the integrating sphere or the “standard” pyrheliometer comparison tube, shall be agreed upon in advance between all involved parties.
4.6 Calibration measurements that meet the requirements of this test method are traceable to a national metrological laboratory that has participated in intercomparisons of standards of spectral irradiance, largely through the traceability of the standard lamps and associated power supplies employed to calibrate the spectroradiometer according to G138, the manufacturer‘s specified procedures, or CIE Publication 63.
4.7 The accuracy of calibration measurements performed employing a spectroradiometer is dependent on, among other requirements, the degree to which the temperature of the mechanical components of the monochromator are maintained during field measurements in relation to those that prevailed during calibration of the spectroradiometer. 
1.1 This test method covers the calibration of ultraviolet light-measuring radiometers possessing either narrow- or broad-band spectral response distributions using either a scanning or a linear-diode-array spectroradiometer as the primary reference instrument. For transfer of calibration from radiometers calibrated by this test method to other instruments, Test Method E824 should be used.
1.4 Radiometers that may be calibrated by this test method include narrow-, broad-, and wide-band ultraviolet radiometers, and narrow-, broad, and wide-band visible-region-only radiometers, or radiometers having wavelength response distributions that fall into both the ultraviolet and visible regions.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E772 Terminology of Solar Energy Conversion
E824 Test Method for Transfer of Calibration From Reference to Field Radiometers
E973 Test Method for Determination of the Spectral Mismatch Parameter Between a Photovoltaic Device and a Photovoltaic Reference Cell
G138 Test Method for Calibration of a Spectroradiometer Using a Standard Source of Irradiance
ICS Number Code 17.180.20 (Colours and measurement of light)
UNSPSC Code 60104814(Radiometer)