ASTM F963 - 16

    Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    Active Standard ASTM F963 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.22

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification2 relates to possible hazards that may not be recognized readily by the public and that may be encountered in the normal use for which a toy is intended or after reasonably foreseeable abuse. It does not purport to cover every conceivable hazard of a particular toy. This specification does not cover product performance or quality, except as related to safety. Except for the labeling requirements pointing out the functional hazards and age range for which the toy is intended, this specification has no requirements for those aspects of a toy that present an inherent and recognized hazard as part of the function of the toy. Such an example is a sharp point necessary for the function of a needle. The needle is an inherent hazard that is well understood by the purchaser of a toy sewing kit, and this hazard is communicated to the user as part of the normal educational process.

    1.2 On the other hand, while a riding toy has inherent hazards associated with its use (for example, falling off onto the sidewalk), the possible hazards associated with its construction (sharp edges, exposed mechanisms, etc.) will be minimized by the application of this specification.

    1.3 This specification covers requirements and contains test methods for toys intended for use by children under 14 years of age. Different age limits for various requirements will be found in this specification. These limits reflect the nature of the hazards and expected mental or physical ability, or both, of a child to cope with the hazards.

    1.4 Articles not covered by this specification are as follows:
     Bicycles
     Tricycles
     Non-Powered Scooters
      (see Consumer Safety Specification F2264)
     Recreational Powered Scooters and Pocket Bikes
      (see Consumer Safety Specification F2641)
     Sling shots and sharp-pointed darts
     Playground equipment
     Non-powder guns
     Kites
     Hobby and craft items in which the finished item is not
      primarily of play value
     Model kits in which the finished item is not primarily of
      play value
     Crayons, paints, chalks, and other similar art materials in
      which the material itself or the finished item is not
      primarily of play value, except that all art materials,
      whether or not a component of a toy, must comply with
      LHAMA, in accordance with 4.29.1 – 4.29.3.
     Sporting goods, camping goods, athletic equipment,
      musical instruments, juvenile products, and furniture;
      however, toys that are their counterparts are covered.
      (It is recognized that there is often a fine line between,
      for example, a musical instrument or a sporting item
      and its toy counterpart. The intention of the producer
      or distributor, as well as normal use and reasonably
      foreseeable abuse, determines whether the item is a
      toy counterpart.)
     Powered models of aircraft, rockets, boats, and land
      vehicles; however, toys that are their counterparts are
      covered.
     Constant air inflatables

    1.5 General guidelines for age labeling toys and toy packaging are contained in Annex A1.

    1.6 Information regarding packaging and shipping is contained in Annex A2.

    1.7 This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:

    Title

    Section

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    Safety Requirements

    4

     Material Quality

    4.1

     Flammability

    4.2

     Toxicology

    4.3

     Electrical/Thermal Energy

    4.4

     Sound-Producing Toys

    4.5

     Small Objects

    4.6

     Accessible Edges

    4.7

     Projections

    4.8

     Accessible Points

    4.9

     Wires or Rods

    4.10

     Nails and Fasteners

    4.11

     Plastic Film

    4.12

     Folding Mechanisms and Hinges

    4.13

     Cords, Straps, and Elastics

    4.14

     Stability and Over-Load Requirements

    4.15

     Confined Spaces

    4.16

     Wheels, Tires, and Axles

    4.17

     Holes, Clearance, and Accessibility of Mechanisms

    4.18

     Simulated Protective Devices

    4.19

     Pacifiers

    4.20

     Projectile Toys

    4.21

     Teethers and Teething Toys

    4.22

     Rattles

    4.23

     Squeeze Toys

    4.24

     Battery-Operated Toys

    4.25

     Toys Intended to be Attached to a Crib

     

         or Playpen

    4.26

     Stuffed and Beanbag-Type Toys

    4.27

     Stroller and Carriage Toys

    4.28

     Art Materials

    4.29

     Toy Gun Marking

    4.30

     Balloons

    4.31

     Certain Toys with Nearly Spherical Ends

    4.32

     Marbles

    4.33

     Balls

    4.34

     Pompoms

    4.35

     Hemispheric-Shaped Objects

    4.36

     Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toys

    4.37

     Magnets

    4.38

     Jaw Entrapment in Handles and Steering Wheels

    4.39

     Expanding Materials

    4.40

     Toy Chests

    4.41

    Labeling Requirements

    5

    Instructional Literature

    6

    Producer's Markings

    7

    Test Methods

    8

     General

    8.1

     Testing for Hazardous Substance Content

    8.2

     Test Methods for Determination of Heavy Element
      Content in Toys, Toy Components and Materials

    8.3

     Tests for Cleanliness and Preservative Effectiveness

    8.4

     Normal Use Testing

    8.5

     Abuse Testing

    8.6

     Impact Tests

    8.7

     Torque Tests for Removal of Components

    8.8

     Tension Test for Removal of Components

    8.9

     Compression Test

    8.10

     Tests for Tire Removal and Snap-in Wheel and

     

       Axle Assembly Removal

    8.11

     Flexure Test

    8.12

     Test for Mouth-Actuated Toys and Mouth-Actuated Projectile
        Toys

    8.13

     Projectiles

    8.14

      Test for Stability of Ride-On Toys or Toy Seats

    8.15

      Pompoms

    8.16

     Stalled Motor Test for Battery-Operated Toys

    8.17

     Tests for Battery-Powered Ride-On Toys

    8.18

      Test for Toys that Contain Secondary Cells or Batteries

    8.19

     Tests for Toys which Produce Noise

    8.20

     Dynamic Strength Test for Wheeled Ride-On Toys

    8.21

     Plastic Film Thickness

    8.22

     Test for Loops and Cords

    8.23

     Yo Yo Elastic Tether Toy Test Methods

    8.24

     Magnet Test Methods

    8.25

     Test Methods for Locking Mechanisms or

     

       Other Means

    8.26

      Tests for Toy Chest Lids and Closures

    8.27

      Test for Overload of Ride-On Toys and Toy Seats

    8.28

      Stuffing Materials Evaluation

    8.29

      Expanding Materials – Test Method

    8.30

    Identification

    9

    Age Grading Guidelines

    Annex A1

    Packaging and Shipping

    Annex A2

    Design Guidelines for Toys Attached to Cribs

     

       or Playpens

    Annex A3

    Design Guidelines for Bath Toy Projections

    Annex A4

    Flammability Testing Procedure for Solids and Soft Toys

    Annex A5

    Flammability Testing Procedure for Fabrics

    Annex A6

    Compositing Procedure for Total Heavy Metal Analysis

    Annex A7

    Design Guidelines for Battery Operated Toys

    Annex A8

    Rationale for 2007 Revisions

    Annex A9

    Rationale for 2008 Revisions

    Annex A10

    Rationale for 2011 Revisions

    Annex A11

    Rationale for 2016 Revisions

    Annex A12

    1.8 The values stated first are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.9 The following precautionary statement pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 8, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D374 Test Methods for Thickness of Solid Electrical Insulation

    D642 Test Method for Determining Compressive Resistance of Shipping Containers, Components, and Unit Loads

    D880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems

    D999 Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D2240 Test Method for Rubber Property--Durometer Hardness

    D3421 Recommended Practice for Extraction and Determination of Plasticizer Mixtures from Vinyl Chloride Plastics

    D4236 Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards

    D5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall

    F404 Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs

    F406 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards

    F834 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Chests

    F1148 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Home Playground Equipment

    F1313 Specification for Volatile N-Nitrosamine Levels in Rubber Nipples on Pacifiers

    F2264 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powered Scooters

    F2641 Consumer Safety Specification for Recreational Powered Scooters and Pocket Bikes

    F2853 Test Method for Determination of Lead in Paint Layers and Similar Coatings or in Substrates and Homogenous Materials by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams

    F2923 Specification for Consumer Product Safety for Childrens Jewelry

    ANSI Standards

    Z315.1 Safety Requirements for Tricycles


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.200.50 (Toys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 60141000(Toys)


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/F0963-16

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F963-16, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2016, www.astm.org

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