ASTM F778 - 88(2014)

    Standard Methods for Gas Flow Resistance Testing of Filtration Media

    Active Standard ASTM F778 | Developed by Subcommittee: D22.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.07


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The air-flow resistance (pressure drop) of a filter is an important parameter that can assist in characterizing the physical make-up as well as the utility of a filter.

    5.2 Therefore, flow characteristics of clean filter media can be used for quality control, product development, and basic research. It may be used by the producer of filter media to illustrate media type or to meet product specification and can be used by the consumer as a criterion for media selection.

    5.3 These methods may also be used for acceptance testing.

    5.4 For purposes of quality control, meeting product specification, or acceptance testing, a single-point flow regime on multiple samples is adequate. However, for design, development, and research, a multiple-point flow regime may be necessary.

    1. Scope

    1.1 The flow resistance of any fabricated filter device will depend on the flow resistance of the media used.

    1.2 This standard offers procedures sufficient to determine the gas flow characteristics of flat specimens of media used in the filtration process. The methods are extended to include pleated specimens and bulk media as well.

    1.3 In all cases, flow rates through the specimen are determined in accordance with procedures outlined in ASME “Fluid Meters.” The test fluid is air.

    1.4 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D461 Test Methods for Felt

    D585 Practice for Sampling and Accepting a Single Lot of Paper, Paperboard, Fiberboard, and Related Product

    D645/D645M Test Method for Thickness of Paper and Paperboard

    D685 Practice for Conditioning Paper and Paper Products for Testing

    D737 Test Method for Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics

    D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

    D1777 Test Method for Thickness of Textile Materials

    D2905 Practice for Statements on Number of Specimens for Textiles

    D3574 Test Methods for Flexible Cellular Materials--Slab, Bonded, and Molded Urethane Foams

    E105 Practice for Probability Sampling of Materials

    E122 Practice for Calculating Sample Size to Estimate, With Specified Precision, the Average for a Characteristic of a Lot or Process

    ASME Document

    “FluidMeters,&


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.30 (Chemical reagents)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40161505(Air filters)


    DOI: 10.1520/F0778-88R14

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