ASTM F706 - 96(2011)

    Standard Practice for Determination of Fusion Temperature of Dry Electrostatic Heat-Fixing Toners

    Active Standard ASTM F706 | Developed by Subcommittee: F05.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.09


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    Significance and Use

    Dry electrostatic heat-fixing toners may be composed of polymer binders, black pigments, and other such additives that are necessary for the proper performance for the use intended, particularly in those copiers using heat-fusing techniques for image fixing. Toners characteristically do not have a sharp melting point but instead exhibit a broad temperature range of melting.

    The user should be aware that the fusion point is one of several physical characteristics of certain heat-fixing toners. Similar fusion temperature results obtained through this practice on two different toners (between lots or from one manufacturer to another) should not be considered a guarantee of equal performance characteristics when subsequently utilized in a copier.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers a procedure that is used to determine the fusion temperature of dry electrostatic heat-fixing toners using a micro hot stage.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Section 7 for specific precautionary statements.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D2117 Test Methods for Carbon Black--Surface Area by Nitrogen Adsorption

    F335 Terminology Relating to Electrostatic Imaging


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 37.100.20 (Materials for graphic technology)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 44103103(Printer or facsimile toner)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F0706-96R11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F706-96(2011), Standard Practice for Determination of Fusion Temperature of Dry Electrostatic Heat-Fixing Toners, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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