ASTM F685 - 96(2011)

    Standard Practice for Determining Toner Usage, Efficiency, and Dusting Nonheat Fixing Copiers Using Single-Component Toner Systems

    Active Standard ASTM F685 | Developed by Subcommittee: F05.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.09


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    ASTM F685

    Significance and Use

    Many dry electrostatic developers consist of toners and carriers and only the toner portion of which forms the visible image on the copy. Single-component toner (or developer) does not contain a carrier, and in theory, when properly used, is consumed at a rate proportional to the image area and density. As with all dry developers, single-component toners (or developers) are not 100 % efficient. Some toner is lost to the surroundings (inside or outside of the copiers). This loss is also dependent on copier adjustments and may be significant enough to affect the total number of copies capable of being produced by a specific amount of toner.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers the determination of toner usage, efficiency of toner deposition on an imaged copy, and dusting in those nonheat fixing copiers utilizing a single-component toner.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. See Section 8 and 10.19.2 for specific precautions and warnings.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F335 Terminology Relating to Electrostatic Imaging

    F875 Test Method for Evaluation of Large Area Density and Background on Office Copiers


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 37.100.10 (Reproduction equipment)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 44103103(Printer or facsimile toner)


    DOI: 10.1520/F0685-96R11

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