ASTM F645 - 13

    Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water- Pressure Piping Systems

    Active Standard ASTM F645 | Developed by Subcommittee: F17.61

    Book of Standards Volume: 08.04


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The requirements of this specification are intended to provide information to select, design and install thermoplastic, water-pressure piping systems for use outside buildings. Materials covered in this specification are Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) and Polyethylene (PE) plastic pipe fittings.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide is intended for use in the selection, design, and installation of thermoplastic water systems for use outside buildings. For specific projects, a thorough review of this guide is recommended for the purpose of selecting specific materials, methods of joining, system design factor, and any special procedures deemed necessary to assure a satisfactory system.

    1.2 It is recommended that governing codes and project specifications be consulted prior to the use of this guide. Nothing in this guide should be construed as recommending practices or systems at variance with governing codes and project specifications.

    1.3 Units-The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The pipe, fittings, and joining materials shall meet the requirements of one or more of the following component product standards listed in 1.3.1 through 1.3.3 to the extent applicable. Those pipe standards followed by (a) are outside diameter-controlled pipes. Those followed by ( b) are inside diameter-controlled pipes.

    1.3.1 For poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastic piping components:


    Title of Specification

    ASTM
    Designation

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80
     and 120 (a)

    D1785

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PR) (a)

    D2241

    Threaded Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings,
     Schedule 80

    D2464

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule
     40

    D2466

    Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe
     Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2467

    Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe
     and Fittings

    D2564

    Bell-End Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe (a)

    D2672

    Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Tubing (a)

    D2740

    Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Line
     Couplings

    D3036

    Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric
     Seals

    D3139

    Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe

    F477

    PVC and ABS Injected Solvent Cemented Plastic Pipe
     Joints

    F545


    1.3.2 For polyethylene (PE) plastic piping components:


    Title of Specification

    ASTM
    Designation

    Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe, (SDR-PR) (b)

    D2239

    Plastic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe

    D2609

    Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-
     Controlled Polyethylene Pipe ( a)

    D2683

    Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Tubing (a)

    D2737

    Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PR) Based on
     Controlled Outside Diameter (a)

    D3035

    Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for
      Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing

    D3261


    1.3.3 For poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and polyethylene (PE) Plastic Piping Components Issued By the American Water Works Association:

    C900 Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure Pipe,

    4-inch through 12-inch, for Water (a)

    C901 Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe, Tubing

    and Fittings, 1/2-inch through 3-inch, for Water


    1.3.4 Pipes with wall thicknesses less than 1.50 mm (0.06 in.) are not recommended.

    1.4 Other Joining Devices—Joining devices other than those covered by the listed standards may be selected by the user on the basis of his own engineering evaluation and service experience.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics

    D1784 Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Compounds and Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Compounds

    D1785 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40, 80, and 120

    D2239 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SIDR-PR) Based on Controlled Inside Diameter

    D2241 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pressure-Rated Pipe (SDR Series)

    D2464 Specification for Threaded Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2466 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 40

    D2467 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Pipe Fittings, Schedule 80

    D2564 Specification for Solvent Cements for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systems

    D2609 Specification for Plastic Insert Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe

    D2672 Specification for Joints for IPS PVC Pipe Using Solvent Cement

    D2683 Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing

    D2737 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Tubing

    D2740 Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Tubing

    D2774 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pressure Piping

    D2855 Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings

    D3035 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Controlled Outside Diameter

    D3036 Specification for Socket-Type Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Line Couplings

    D3139 Specification for Joints for Plastic Pressure Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals

    D3261 Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing

    D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    F477 Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe

    F545 Specification for PVC and ABS Injected Solvent Cemented Plastic Pipe Joints

    F1498 Specification for Taper Pipe Threads 60 for Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings

    American Water Works Association Standards

    C901 Polyethylene (PE) Pressure Pipe, Tubing and Fittings, 12-Inch Through 3-Inch, for Water

    Plastics Pipe Institute Report

    PPI-TR 9 Recommended Design Factors and Design Coefficients for Thermoplastic Pressure Pipe

     NSF Standards

    NSF/ANSIStandardNo.6 for Drinking Water Systems Components--Health Effects

    Uni-Bell PVC Pipe Association

    Uni-BellHandbookofPV , Chapter VIII, Table 8.7


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 40171500(Commercial pipe and piping)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F0645-13

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F645-13, Standard Guide for Selection, Design, and Installation of Thermoplastic Water- Pressure Piping Systems, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.org

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