ASTM F589 - 12

    Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powder Guns

    Active Standard ASTM F589 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.06

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    Significance and Use

    6.1 This consumer safety specification establishes performance requirements and test methods intended to provide a reasonable degree of safety in the normal use of non-powder guns and projectiles.

    6.2 This consumer safety specification attempts to address the misuse of non-powder guns and specifies the minimum warnings and instructions that are to be provided in literature and on labels and packages.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety specification covers non-powder guns, commonly referred to as BB guns, air guns, and pellet guns, which propel a projectile by means of energy released by compressed air, compressed gas, mechanical spring action, or a combination thereof, and is to be used in conjunction with Specification F590.

    1.2 Special-purpose match precision and adult guns, as defined in 3.1 and classified in 8.1 and 8.2, are exempt from the performance requirements for trigger mechanisms (see 4.3), safety mechanisms (see 4.4), and drop tests (see 4.5).

    1.3 Special-purpose training guns, as defined in 3.1 and classified in 8.3, are exempt from the performance requirements for the safety mechanism (see 4.4).

    1.4 Limitations—This consumer safety specification does not cover the following categories of gun products: cl custom-made non-powder guns (see 3.1.2.6); or replica guns (see 3.1.2.15); tranquilizer dart guns; toy products such as rubber-band guns, cork guns, pop guns, rubber-tip dart guns, or pea and bean shooters; other recreational-type guns such as blow guns, spear guns, catapult guns (also identified as sling shots), bows, crossbows, paintball markers, air soft or soft air guns, or carbide guns; nonrecreational guns such as those used by law enforcement, scientific, or military agencies; nor industrial and consumer tools such as paintball guns, staple guns, or conduit guns.

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard; the SI units in parentheses are provided for information only.

    1.6 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 9, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F590 Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powder Gun Projectiles and Propellants

    ANSI Standard

    ANSIZ535 Product Safety Signs and Labels

    NIST Standard

    NISTSpecialPublicati Physical Constant-Standard Acceleration of Gravity, Conversion Factors in Appendix


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 95.020 (Military engineering. Military affairs. Weapons)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 46101505(Air rifles or air handguns)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F0589-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F589-12, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powder Guns, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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