ASTM F404 - 14

    Standard Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs

    Active Standard ASTM F404 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.16

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This consumer safety specification covers the performance requirements and methods of test to ensure the satisfactory performance of the high chair.

    1.2 This consumer safety specification is intended to minimize injuries to children resulting from normal usage and reasonably foreseeable misuse or abuse of high chairs.

    Note 1This consumer safety specification is not intended to address accidents and injuries resulting from the interaction of older children with children in the high chair or the accidents resulting from abuse and misuse by persons over three years of age.

    1.3 For purposes of this consumer safety specification, a high chair is a free standing chair that elevates a child to standard dining table height. The high chair is made for the purpose of holding a child, up to 3 years of age, who can remain in a sitting position due to the child's own coordination, and normally for the purposes of feeding or eating. A high chair may be height adjustable and include a reclined position for infants not able to remain in a sitting position due to the child's own coordination.

    1.4 No high chair produced after the approval date of this consumer safety specification shall, either by label or other means, indicate compliance with this specification unless it conforms to all requirements contained herein.

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test methods portion, Section 7, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

    Note 2This consumer safety specification includes the following sections:

    Title

    Section

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    Calibration and Standardization

    4

    General Requirements

    5

     Latching or Locking Mechanisms

    5.4

     Labeling

    5.5

     Openings

    5.6

    Performance Requirements

    6

     Protective Components

    6.1

     Removable Tray or Front Torso Support
     Performance Integrity


    6.2

     Tray or Front Torso Support Performance –
     Pull Test


    6.3

     Static Load

    6.4

     Stability

    6.5

     Exposed Coil Springs

    6.6

     Scissoring, Shearing, and Pinching

    6.7

     Restraint System

    6.8

     Passive Crotch Restraint System

    6.9

     Structural Integrity

    6.10

     Tray Latch Release Mechanisms

    6.11

     Side Containment

    6.12

    Test Methods

    7

     Locking Mechanisms

    7.1

     Protective Components

    7.2

     Tray or Front Torso Support – Drop Test

    7.3

     Tray or Front Torso Support Disengagement –
     Horizontal Pull Test


    7.4

     Tray or Front Torso Support Disengagement –
     Vertical Pull Test


    7.5

     Static Load Testing

    7.6

     Stability Testing

    7.7

     Restraint System Retention Test

    7.8

     Permanency of Labels and Warnings

    7.9

     Dynamic High Chair Test

    7.10

     Leg Openings

    7.11

     Tray Latch Release Mechanism – Accessibility

    7.12

     Side Containment Openings

    7.14

    Labeling and Warnings

    8

    Instructional Literature

    9

    Keywords

    10

    Rationale

    Appendix X1



    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    F833 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Carriages and Strollers

    F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

    Federal Regulations:‚ÄČ

    16CFR1303 Ban of Lead-Containing Paint and Certain Consumer Products Bearing Lead-Containing Paint

    16CFR1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Point in Toys or Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Eight Years of Age

    16CFR1500.49 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Metal or Glass Edge in Toys or Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Eight Years of Age

    16CFR1500 Hazardous Substances Act Regulations Including Sections:

    16CFR1501 Method for Identifying Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under Three Years of Age Which Present Choking, Aspiration, or Ingestion Hazards Because of Small Parts


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.140 (Furniture)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 56101806(High chairs or accessories)


    DOI: 10.1520/F0404

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