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This specification covers test methods and performance requirements for loose-fill rubber playground-surfacing products and is intended to complement existing ASTM International standards for determining the shock attenuation and accessibility of a playground surface. The objective of this specification is to assist playground designers and specifiers, owner/operators, and playground-surfacing suppliers in evaluating loose-fill rubber products for playground use. The test methods and performance requirements cover particle size distribution, extractable hazardous metal content, total lead content, tramp metal content, and sharp tramp metal content. It does not address the accessibility of loose-fill rubber playground surfacing, or the release of organic chemicals from loose-fill rubber intended to be used as a playground surface. Included are tables that designate a sample of loose-fill rubber in the form of nuggets; a sample of loose-fill rubber in form of buffings tested; maximum allowable soluble concentration in mg/L; and analytical correction for antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury, and selenium.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification establishes test methods and performance requirements for particle size distribution, extractable hazardous metal content, total lead content, tramp metal content, and sharp tramp metal content for loose-fill rubber that is intended to be used as a playground surface.
1.2 This specification does not contain test methods or performance requirements for the accessibility of loose-fill rubber playground surfacing. The specification also does not establish test methods or performance requirements to characterize the release of organic chemicals from loose-fill rubber intended to be used as a playground surface. Appendix X1 and Appendix X2 contain additional information on these topics.
1.3 If loose-fill rubber which meets the requirements of this standard is to be installed in the use zone of playground equipment, it must also comply with Specification F1292.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
C136 Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E11 Specification for Woven Wire Test Sieve Cloth and Test Sieves
E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques
F963 Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety
F1292 Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment
U.S. EPA Standards and MethodsEPA Method 3050B Acid Digestion of Sediments, Sludges and Soils; SW 846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods EPA Method 3051A Microwave Assisted Acid Digestion of Sediments, Sludges and Soils; SW 846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods EPA Method 6010B Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry; SW 846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods EPA Method 7470A Mercury in Liquid Waste (Manual Cold-Vapor Technique); SW 846, Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods
Federal Standards16 CFR 1500.48 Technical Requirements for Determining a Sharp Point in Toys and Other Articles Intended for Use by Children Under 8 Years of Age
ICS Number Code 83.060 (Rubber); 97.200.40 (Playgrounds)
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ASTM F3012-14, Standard Specification for Loose-Fill Rubber for Use as a Playground Safety Surface under and around Playground Equipment, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.orgBack to Top