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Significance and Use
4.1 The rational for developing a separate standard practice for Aerial Adventure Courses is based on the unique functional, operational and patron participation requirements when compared to amusement rides and devices.
4.2 The purpose of this practice is to provide designers, manufacturers, constructors, system integrators, owners/operators, and auditors with criteria and references for use in the design, manufacture, construction, installation, integration, operation, maintenance, auditing, and major modification of Aerial Adventure Courses.
4.3 Unless this practice expressly provides otherwise in a particular provision, the term “Aerial Adventure Course” is to be used in place of “Amusement Rides and Devices” herein.
1.1 This practice establishes criteria for the Design, Manufacture, Installation, Operation, Maintenance, Auditing and Major Modification of Aerial Adventure Courses which occur(s) after the effective date of publication of this document except as noted in 1.3.
1.2 This practice applies to the following devices when operated for concession or commercial recreation.
1.2.1 Zip Lines.
1.2.2 Ropes Courses.
1.2.3 Challenge Courses.
1.2.4 Aerial Trekking Courses.
1.2.5 Canopy Tours.
1.3 This practice shall not apply to the following:
1.3.1 Aerial Adventure Courses when operated exclusively under the following applications:
126.96.36.199 Educational curriculum.
188.8.131.52 Physical fitness purposes.
184.108.40.206 Organized competitive events.
220.127.116.11 Therapeutic programs.
18.104.22.168 Training purposes.
22.214.171.124 Team and confidence building.
126.96.36.199 Playground equipment covered by Consumer Safety Performance Specification F1487.
1.3.2 Amusement rides and devices whose design criteria are specifically addressed in another ASTM standard.
1.3.3 Portions of an Aerial Adventure Course unaffected by a major modification.
1.3.4 Upgrades to electrical wiring, electrical motors and electrical components of Aerial Adventure Courses provided the original design and safety criteria are maintained or enhanced.
1.3.5 Pre-existing designs for Aerial Adventure Courses that are installed after the publication date of this practice if the design is service proven or previously compliant as specified by 188.8.131.52.
184.108.40.206 Aerial Adventure Course designs may qualify as “previously compliant” for five years following the date of publication of this practice. Thereafter, an Aerial Adventure Course design must qualify as “service proven” as defined in Practice F2291 or meet the requirements of this practice.
1.4 This practice includes an annex (mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth) to improve the user’s understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The annex information shall be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.
1.5 This practice includes an appendix (non-mandatory), which provides additional information (for example, rationale, background, interpretations, drawings, commentary, and so forth.) to improve the user’s understanding and application of the criteria presented in this practice. The appendix information shall not be interpreted as mandatory design criteria.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Some specific hazards statements are given in Section 7 on Hazards.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F747 Terminology Relating to Amusement Rides and Devices
F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices
F846 Guide for Testing Performance of Amusement Rides and Devices
F893 Guide for Auditing Amusement Rides and Devices
F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices
F1487 Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use
F1772 Specification for Harnesses for Rescue, Safety, and Sport Activities
F1957 Test Method for Composite Foam Hardness-Durometer Hardness
F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices
F2291 Practice for Design of Amusement Rides and Devices
F2375 Practice for Design, Manufacture, Installation and Testing of Climbing Nets and Netting/Mesh used in Amusement Rides, Devices, Play Areas and Attractions
ANSI StandardsANSIZ359 Fall Protection Code
European StandardEN12277 Mountaineering equipment - Harnesses - Safety requirements and test methods
NFPA StandardNFPA1983 Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services
UIAA StandardUIAA105 Mountaineering and Climbing Equipment: Harnesses
ICS Number Code 91.040.99 (Other buildings); 97.220.10 (Sports facilities)