ASTM F2883 - 11

    Standard Guide for Characterization of Ceramic and Mineral Based Scaffolds used for Tissue-Engineered Medical Products (TEMPs) and as Device for Surgical Implant Applications

    Active Standard ASTM F2883 | Developed by Subcommittee: F04.42

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.02


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    Significance and Use

    Scaffolds may be composed of purely mineral or ceramic materials, or they may be composed of a composite material with its main phase being a mineral or ceramic. Scaffolds may be porous or non-porous, mechanically rigid or compliant, and degradable or non-degradable. The scaffold may or may not have undergone a surface treatment.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guidance document covers the chemical, physical, biological, and mechanical characterization requirements for biocompatible mineral- and ceramic-based scaffolds used solely as device or to manufacture tissue-engineered medical products (TEMPs). In this guide, the pure device or the TEMPs product will be referred to as scaffold.

    1.2 The test methods contained herein provide guidance on the characterization of the bulk physical, chemical, mechanical, and surface properties of a scaffold construct. These properties may be important for the performance of the scaffold, especially if they affect cell behavior, adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. In addition, these properties may affect the delivery of bioactive agents, the biocompatibility and the bioactivity of the final product.

    1.3 This document may be used as guidance in the selection of test methods for the comprehensive characterization of a raw materials, granules, pre-shaped blocks, or an original equipment manufacture (OEM) specification. This guide may also be used to characterize the scaffold component of a finished medical product.

    1.4 While a variety of materials can be used to manufacture such scaffolds, the composition of the final scaffold shall contain mineral or ceramic components as its main ingredients.

    1.5 This guide assumes that the scaffold is homogeneous in nature. Chemical or physical inhomogeneity or mechanical anisotropy of the scaffold shall be declared in the manufacturers material and scaffold specification.

    1.6 This guide addresses neither the biocompatibility of the scaffold, nor the characterization or release profiles of any biomolecules, cells, drugs, or bioactive agents that are used in combination with the scaffold.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C373 Test Method for Water Absorption, Bulk Density, Apparent Porosity, and Apparent Specific Gravity of Fired Whiteware Products

    C693 Test Method for Density of Glass by Buoyancy

    C729 Test Method for Density of Glass by the Sink-Float Comparator

    C830 Test Methods for Apparent Porosity, Liquid Absorption, Apparent Specific Gravity, and Bulk Density of Refractory Shapes by Vacuum Pressure

    C1198 Test Method for Dynamic Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio for Advanced Ceramics by Sonic Resonance

    C1274 Test Method for Advanced Ceramic Specific Surface Area by Physical Adsorption

    C1424 Test Method for Monotonic Compressive Strength of Advanced Ceramics at Ambient Temperature

    D695 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics

    D1621 Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics

    D4404 Test Method for Determination of Pore Volume and Pore Volume Distribution of Soil and Rock by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry

    D6226 Test Method for Open Cell Content of Rigid Cellular Plastics

    D6420 Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic Compounds by Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

    E128 Test Method for Maximum Pore Diameter and Permeability of Rigid Porous Filters for Laboratory Use

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    E996 Practice for Reporting Data in Auger Electron Spectroscopy and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

    E1078 Guide for Specimen Preparation and Mounting in Surface Analysis

    E1131 Test Method for Compositional Analysis by Thermogravimetry

    E1252 Practice for General Techniques for Obtaining Infrared Spectra for Qualitative Analysis

    E1269 Test Method for Determining Specific Heat Capacity by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    E1298 Guide for Determination of Purity, Impurities, and Contaminants in Biological Drug Products

    E1504 Practice for Reporting Mass Spectral Data in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)

    E1635 Practice for Reporting Imaging Data in Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)

    E1642 Practice for General Techniques of Gas Chromatography Infrared (GC/IR) Analysis

    E1829 Guide for Handling Specimens Prior to Surface Analysis

    E1876 Test Method for Dynamic Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio by Impulse Excitation of Vibration

    E2070 Test Method for Kinetic Parameters by Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Isothermal Methods

    E2253 Test Method for Temperature and Enthalpy Measurement Validation of Differential Scanning Calorimeters

    F748 Practice for Selecting Generic Biological Test Methods for Materials and Devices

    F981 Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Biomaterials for Surgical Implants with Respect to Effect of Materials on Muscle and Bone

    F1088 Specification for Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate for Surgical Implantation

    F1185 Specification for Composition of Hydroxylapatite for Surgical Implants

    F1634 Practice for In-Vitro Environmental Conditioning of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Implant Devices

    F1635 Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants

    F1983 Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Absorbable/Resorbable Biomaterials for Implant Applications

    F2024 Practice for X-ray Diffraction Determination of Phase Content of Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite Coatings

    F2150 Guide for Characterization and Testing of Biomaterial Scaffolds Used in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    F2450 Guide for Assessing Microstructure of Polymeric Scaffolds for Use in Tissue-Engineered Medical Products

    F2809 Terminology Relating to Medical and Surgical Materials and Devices

    ISO Documents

    ISO9001 Quality Management Systems--Requirements


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.100.99 (Other standards related to laboratory medicine)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 42295500(Surgical implants and expanders and extenders and surgical wires and related products)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F2883-11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F2883-11, Standard Guide for Characterization of Ceramic and Mineral Based Scaffolds used for Tissue-Engineered Medical Products (TEMPs) and as Device for Surgical Implant Applications, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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