ASTM F2853 - 10e1

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Lead in Paint Layers and Similar Coatings or in Substrates and Homogenous Materials by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams

    Active Standard ASTM F2853 | Developed by Subcommittee: F40.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.04


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    Significance and Use

    This test method may be used for quantitative determinations of Pb in painted and unpainted articles such as toys, childrens products, and other consumer products. Typical test time for quantification of Pb in homogenous samples is 1 to 3 min; and typical test time for quantification of Pb in paint is 4 to 8 min.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method uses energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometry for detection and quantification of lead (Pb) in paint layers, similar coatings, or substrates and homogenous materials. The following material types were tested in the interlaboratory study for this standard test method: ABS plastic, polyethylene, polypropylene, PVC, glass, zinc alloy, wood, and fabric.

    1.2 This technique may also be commonly referred to as High Definition X-ray Fluorescence (HDXRF) or Multiple Monochromatic Beam EDXRF (MMB-EDXRF).

    1.3 This test method is applicable for the products and materials described in 1.1 for a Pb mass fraction range of 14 to 1200 mg/kg for uncoated samples and 30 to 450 mg/kg for coated samples, as specified in Table 1 and determined by an interlaboratory study using representative samples

    1.4 Ensure that the analysis area of the sample is visually uniform in appearance and at least as large as the X-ray excitation beam at the point of sample excitation.

    1.5 For coating analysis, this test method is limited to paint and similar coatings. Metallic coatings are not covered by this test method.

    1.6 X-ray NomenclatureThis standard names X-ray lines using the IUPAC convention with the Siegbahn convention in parentheses.

    1.7 There are no known ISO equivalent methods to this standard.

    1.8 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.9 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    F2576 Terminology Relating to Declarable Substances in Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.040 (Paints and varnishes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F2853-10E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F2853-10e1, Standard Test Method for Determination of Lead in Paint Layers and Similar Coatings or in Substrates and Homogenous Materials by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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