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This specification covers acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) pipe produced by single extrusion in standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratios and pressure rated for water. Included are criteria for classifying ABS plastic pipe materials and ABS plastic pipe, a system of nomenclature for ABS plastic pipe, and requirements and test methods for materials, workmanship, dimensions, sustained pressure, burst pressure, and extrusion quality. Methods of marking are also given. The products covered by this specification are intended for use with the distribution of pressurized liquids, which are chemically compatible with the piping materials. Requirements cover workmanship, dimensions and tolerances (outside diameters and wall thickness), sustained pressure, burst pressure, and impact.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) pipe produced by single extrusion in standard thermoplastic pipe dimension ratios and pressure rated for water (see Appendix X1). Included are criteria for classifying ABS plastic pipe materials and ABS plastic pipe, a system of nomenclature for ABS plastic pipe, and requirements and test methods for materials, workmanship, dimensions, sustained pressure, burst pressure, and extrusion quality. Methods of marking are also given.
1.2 The products covered by this specification are intended for use with the distribution of pressurized liquids, which are chemically compatible with the piping materials. Consult with the manufacturer and local building codes before use in other applications. Due to inherent hazards associated with testing components and systems with compressed air or other compressed gases some manufacturers do not allow pneumatic testing of their products. Consult with specific product/component manufacturers for their specific testing procedures prior to pneumatic testing.
Note 1—Pressurized (compressed) air or other compressed gases contain large amounts of stored energy, which present serious safety hazards should a system fail for any reason.
Note 2—This specification addresses only pipe for use in above ground service. For buried service consult the manufacturer and local building codes.
Note 3—Exposure to ultraviolet radiation over a long period of time may affect the physical properties of ABS pipe. Consult the manufacturer for recommendations for handling, storage, and installations that are not protected by insulation.
1.3 Pipe meeting the requirements of this standard are not compatible with IPS sized DWV fittings. The ABS pipe covered in this standard is intended for pressure service and it shall be joined to pressure fittings. Non-pressure fittings, such as DWV fittings from any material (ABS, PVC, CPVC, etc.), are not acceptable for pressure applications.
1.4 Units—The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 The text of this specification references notes, footnotes, and appendixes, which provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (excluding those in tables and figures) shall not be considered as requirements of the specification.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products
D3965 Classification System and Basis for Specifications for Rigid Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Materials for Pipe and Fittings
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
Federal StandardFed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
NSF/ANSI StandardStandardNo.61 Drinking Water System Components - Health Effects
ISO StandardISO3127 Thermoplastic pipes--Determination of resistance to external blows--Round-the-clock method
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)