ASTM F2656 - 07

    Standard Test Method for Vehicle Crash Testing of Perimeter Barriers

    Active Standard ASTM F2656 | Developed by Subcommittee: F12.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.08


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    Significance and Use

    This test method provides a structured procedure to establish a penetration rating for perimeter barriers subjected to a vehicle impact. Knowing the penetration rating provides the ability to select an appropriate barrier for site-specific conditions around a facility.

    The barrier penetration rating does not imply that a barrier will perform as rated in all site conditions, approach routes, and topography. Also, only single-specimen tests at a specified impact location are required by this test method, and therefore, not all points of impact can be tested and validated for the penetration rating. Other impact locations may respond differently.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method provides a range of vehicle impact conditions, designations, and penetration performance levels. This will allow an agency to select passive perimeter barriers and active entry point barriers appropriate for use at facilities with a defined moving vehicle threat. Agencies may adopt and specify those condition designations and performance levels in this test method that satisfy their specific needs. Agencies may also assign certification ratings for active and passive perimeter barriers based on the tests and test methodologies described herein. Many test parameters are standardized to arrive at a common vehicle type and mass, enhance test realism and replication, and produce uniform rating designations.

    1.2 Compliance with these test procedures establishes a measure of performance but does not render any perimeter barrier invulnerable to vehicle penetration. Caution should be exercised in interpreting test findings and in extrapolating results to other than test conditions. While computer simulations are powerful tools that are useful in the development of new and improved barriers or in estimating performance under differing conditions, use of only the results from computer simulation for fielding a product is strongly discouraged. When performing a test, developers and users are encouraged to address specific or unusual site conditions as needed. Often local terrain features, soil conditions, climate, or other items will dictate special needs at specific locations. Therefore, if site conditions are likely to degrade a barriers performance, the agency in need of a perimeter barrier should require testing with the specific site conditions replicated for full-scale crash testing.

    1.3 Product/design certification under this test method only addresses the ability of the barrier to withstand the impact of the test vehicle. It does not represent an endorsement of the product/design or address its operational suitability.

    1.4 The values in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values shown in parentheses are for information only.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1556 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method

    D2922 Test Methods for Density of Soil and Soil-Aggregate in Place by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)

    AASHTO Standards 

    T099 Standard Method of Test for Moisture-Density Relations of Soils Using a 2.5-kg (5.5-lb) Rammer and a 305-mm (12-in.) Drop

    SAE Standard 

    J211-2 Instrumentation for Impact Test - Part 2: Photographic Instrumentation

    ISO Standard 

    ISO/IEC17025 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 43.180 (Diagnostic, maintenance and test equipment)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 46151505(Barriers)


    DOI: 10.1520/F2656-07

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