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This specification covers the requirements and test methods for high-density polyethylene (PE) materials, line pipes, and fittings used in pressure or non-pressure oil and gas producing applications to convey fluids such as oil, dry or wet gas, multiphase fluids, and non-potable oilfield water. This specification does not apply to pipes for gas distribution applications. PE material compounds suitable for use in the manufacture of pipes and fittings under this specification shall adhere to values of the following properties: density (natural base resin), melt index, flexural modulus, tensile strength at yield, SCG resistance, hydrostatic strength, color and UV stabilization, hydrostatic design stress, and hydrostatic design basis. The line pipes shall meet specific requirements as to workmanship, dimensions (outside diameter, toe-in, outside surface irregularity, ovality, wall thickness, and special sizes), inside surface ductility, tensile elongation, bendback resistance, elevated temperature sustained pressure, short-term strength and pressurization, apparent tensile strength at yield, and carbon black content. And conversely, PE fittings shall be manufactured in accordance with their intended use with correspondingly sized PE line pipes, as follows: socket fusion fittings, butt fusion fittings, electrofusion fittings, fabricated fittings, and transition fittings.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers requirements and test methods for high-density polyethylene (PE) materials, pipe and fittings for pressure or non-pressure oil and gas producing applications to convey fluids such as oil, dry or wet gas, multiphase fluids, and non-potable oilfield water. This specification does not cover pipe for gas distribution applications.
1.1.1 For the purposes of this specification, high-density polyethylene material is Specification D3350 density cell classification 3 or higher. This specification does not cover materials having Specification D3350 density cell classification less than 3 such as medium or low density polyethylene materials.
1.1.2 See Specification D2513 for polyethylene pipe and fittings intended for use in the distribution of natural gas, or for use with liquefied petroleum gas.
1.2 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Other DocumentsCFR49Part192 Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipeline: Minimum Federal Safety Standards Available from U.S. Department of Transportation, Transportation Safety Institute, Pipeline Safety Division, PO Box 25082, Oklahoma City, OK 73125-5050. CSAZ662 Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems Available from Canadian Standards Association (CSA), 5060 Spectrum Way, Mississauga, ON L4W 5N6, Canada, http://www.csa.ca. FederalRegisterVol.7 No. 50, March 15, 2006 FED-STD-123G Federal Standard Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies) MilitaryStandard129P Standard Practice--Military Marking for Shipment and Storage PPITR-3 Policies and Procedures for Developing Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB), Pressure Design Basis (PDB), Strength Design Basis (SDB), and Minimum Required Strength (MRS) Ratings for Thermoplastic Piping Materials or Pipe Available from Plastics Pipe Institute (PPI), 105 Decker Court, Suite 825, Irving, TX 75062, http://www.plasticpipe.org. PPITR-4 Listing of Hydrostatic Design Basis (HDB), Strength Design Basis (SDB), Pressure Design Basis (PDB) and Minimum Required Strength (MRS) Ratings for Thermoplastic Piping Materials or Pipe
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D1603 Test Method for Carbon Black Content in Olefin Plastics
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2290 Test Method for Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe
D2513 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
D2683 Specification for Socket-Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter-Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products
D3261 Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
D4218 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Black Content in Polyethylene Compounds By the Muffle-Furnace Technique
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
F1055 Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene and Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Pipe and Tubing
F1473 Test Method for Notch Tensile Test to Measure the Resistance to Slow Crack Growth of Polyethylene Pipes and Resins
F1973 Specification for Factory Assembled Anodeless Risers and Transition Fittings in Polyethylene (PE) and Polyamide 11 (PA11) and Polyamide 12 (PA12) Fuel Gas Distribution Systems
F2206 Specification for Fabricated Fittings of Butt-Fused Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe, Fittings, Sheet Stock, Plate Stock, or Block Stock
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)
UNSPSC Code 40171520(Commercial HDPE pipe)