This specification covers two chromium-iron alloys, one is UNS K91800 with nominally 18% chromium, balance iron, and the other is UNS K92801 with nominally 28% chromium, both in strip, bar, wire, and rod forms intended primarily for sealing to glass in electronic applications. The alloys are classified by nominal chemical composition, specifically by chromium content, in two types: Type I (UNS K91800) and Type II (UNS K92801). The materials shall show no evidence of transformation to martensite. For Type I alloy, the austenite formed during heat treating will transform to martensite at or above room temperature. The presence of austenite, as may be noted in Type II alloy, is acceptable if the thermal expansion requirement is met. Different tests shall be performed in order to determine the following properties of the alloys: thermal expansion, Rockwell hardness, and tensile strength.
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1.1 This specification covers two chromium-iron alloys, the former, (UNS K91800), nominally 18 % chromium, balance iron, the latter, (UNS K92801), nominally 28 % chromium, in strip, bar, wire, and rod forms intended primarily for sealing to glass in electronic applications.
Note 1—UNS K92801 should only be considered for use at service temperatures below 300°C. The alloy is prone to sigma phase formation at temperatures close to 620°C, and exhibits brittle mechanical behavior after prolonged exposures at temperatures close to 475°C.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 The following hazard caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 16 and 17, of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
E3 Guide for Preparation of Metallographic Specimens
E18 Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E38 Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Chromium and Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys
E228 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer
F14 Practice for Making and Testing Reference Glass-Metal Bead-Seal
F140 Practice for Making Reference Glass-Metal Butt Seals and Testing for Expansion Characteristics by Polarimetric Methods
F144 Practice for Making Reference Glass-Metal Sandwich Seal and Testing for Expansion Characteristics by Polarimetric Methods
glass-to-metal sealing; iron-chromium alloys; UNS K91800; UNS K92801; Chromium electronic materials/applications; Electronic materials/applications--specifications; Glass electronic seals; Glass-to-metal sealing applications; Iron-chromium alloys; Metal electronic components/devices--specifications; Seals--electronic applications (specifications); UNS K91800 (iron, chromium sealing alloy); UNS K92801 (iron, chromium sealing alloy) ; ICS Number Code 2801; 21.140 (Seals, glands)
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