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Significance and Use
This test method is designed to compare sealing characteristics of gasket materials under controlled conditions by providing a precise measure of leakage rate at different press loads up to 32 MPa (4640 psi).
This test method is suitable for measuring leakage rates from 0.1 mL/min to as high as 5 L/min for gases.
This test method evaluates leak rates after time periods (typically 30 min) that result in a steady state leakage rate condition. Holding gasket materials under load and internal fluid pressure until steady state is achieved is required to obtain reproducible results.
If the fluid being used in the test causes changes, such as swelling, in the gasket material, it may affect results and diminish repeatability.
1.1 This test method covers a means of evaluating the sealing properties of sheet, composite, and solid form-in-place gasket materials (see Classification F104 or F868) at room temperature, and may be used for fluid (gas or liquid) leak rate measurements. It utilizes relatively short hold times and is not intended to predict long-term performance in application.
1.2 This test method is suitable for evaluating the sealing characteristics of a gasket material under different press loads by measuring the leakage rate. This test method may be used as an acceptance test when the producer and user have agreed to specific test conditions for the following parameters: (1) test medium, (2) internal pressure of the medium, (3) press load on the gasket specimen, and (4) the surface finish of the platens.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2000 Classification System for Rubber Products in Automotive Applications
F104 Classification System for Nonmetallic Gasket Materials
F868 Classification for Laminated Composite Gasket Materials
ANSI StandardB57.1 Compressed Gas Cylinder Valve Outlet and Inlet Connections
ICS Number Code 21.140 (Seals, glands)
UNSPSC Code 31400000(Gaskets)
ASTM F2378-05(2011), Standard Test Method for Sealability of Sheet, Composite, and Solid Form-in-Place Gasket Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.orgBack to Top