Significance and Use
The water vapor transport properties of textile materials are of considerable importance in determining the comfort properties of clothing systems. Water vapor transport through porous textiles may occur due to both diffusion (driven by vapor concentration differences) and convection (driven by gas pressure differences).
For air permeable porous materials, a very small pressure gradient can produce large convective flows through the pores in the structure. In many standard water vapor permeability test methods, when used for materials with high air permeability, slight variations in pressure gradient across a specimen will greatly influence the measured water vapor transport properties. Therefore, the water vapor transport properties of the porous and non-porous textile materials cannot be directly compared when the method has no provision for controlling the pressure gradient. This test method determines the diffusion and convection properties from the same test and generates data that allows direct comparison of the results obtained between materials.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the moisture vapor transport and gas flow properties of fabrics, membranes, and membrane laminates used for protective materials.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D737 Test Method for Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics
JISL1099 Testing Methods for Water Vapour Permeability of Clothes
air flow resistance; dynamic moisture permeation cell; water vapor diffusion; water vapor diffusion resistance; water vapor flux; water vapor transmission rate; Airflow resistance; Dynamic moisture permeation cell; Moisture permeation cell; Protective clothing; Water vapor diffusion; Water vapor transmission (WVT);
ICS Number Code 61.020 (Clothes)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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