ASTM F2291 - 13

    游乐设施及设备设计的 标准规程

    Active Standard ASTM F2291 Developed by Subcommittee: F24.24

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.07


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    ASTM F2291

    1. 範圍

    1.1 本规程为游乐设施及设备的设计以及公布的生效日期之后制造的游乐设施及设备的重大修改确立标准,

    1.2 中指出的除外。

    1.2 本规程不适用于以下设备:

    1.2.1 游客指挥的游乐设施或设备(例如,卡丁车、碰碰车和碰碰船),

    1.2.2 人工攀岩墙,

    1.2.3 空气支撑结构,

    1.2.4 干滑道,

    1.2.5 投币式游乐设施,

    1.2.6 涉及有意将游客的身体部分或全部浸入水中并涉及超过偶然游客与水接触的游乐设施或设备(例如,水池、 水滑道、休闲河流、互动水上游玩设备),

    1.2.7 在其他 ASTM 标准中另有说明的游乐设施及设备,

    1.2.8 游乐设施或设备不受重大修改影响的部分,

    1.2.9 在保持或增强原始设计和安全标准的情况下,对游乐设施及设备的电气布线、电机和电气组件的升级,以及

    1.2.10 在本规程公布的生效日期之后制造的先前业已存在的设计方案(如果其已通过服务认证或先前就已达标), 且制造商须提供以下材料:

    1.2.10.1 游乐设施、设备或主要修改的历史概要,以及

    1.2.10.2 如第 3 部分指定的设计已通过服务认证或先前就已达标的声明。

    1.2.10.3 游乐设施及设备以及对游乐设施及设备的重大修改可在本规程公布日期之后五年内具有“先前已达标”资 格。因此,游乐设施及设备以及对游乐设施及设备的重大修改必须具有“已通过服务认证”资格或符合本规程的要求。

    1.3 本规程包括附录(强制性),其提供附加信息(例如,基本原理、背景、解释、图纸、注释等),以加深用户 对本规程中所述之标准的理解和应用。附录信息应解释为强制性设计标准。

    1.4 本规程包含附录(非强制性附录),其中提供了更多其他信息(例如,理由说明、背景、解释、图纸、评论等 等),以加深用户对本规程中所述之标准的理解和应用。附录信息不得被解释为强制性设计标准。

    1.5 本标准并未涵盖与其使用相关的所有安全事项。本标准的用户应负责在使用之前采取适当的安全和卫生措施, 并确定各项管理限制条件的适用性。

    2. 參考文獻

    F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    ACI-301 Specifications for Structural Concrete

    ACI-318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI-318) and Commentary (318R)

    AISC316 Manual on Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design (ASD)

    AISCM015 Manual on Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)

    ANSI/AISC360-05 Specifications for Structural Steel Buildings

    ANSI/AWSD1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code--Steel

    ANSI/AWSD14.4 Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment

    ANSIB11.TR3 Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction--A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate, and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools

    ANSIB77.1 Passenger Ropeways--Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors--Safety Requirements

    ANSIB93.114M Pneumatic Fluid Power--Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery

    ANSIY32.10 Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams

    ASCE/SEI7-05 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    ASCE16 Standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Engineered Wood Construction

    ASCE7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

    ASMAtlasofFatigueCur

    ASMEA17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

    ASMEB15.1 Safety Standards for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus

    ASMEBoilerandPressur

    ASMHandbookVolume19: Fatigue and Fracture

    BS5400-10 Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges--Code of Practice for Fatigue

    BS7608 Code of Practice for Fatigue Design and Assessment of Steel Structures

    DIN1055 Actions on structures, Parts 1-7

    DIN1055-100 Load combinations

    DIN15018-1 Cranes; Steel Structures; Verification and Analyses Data

    DINEN1074 Valves for water supply - Fitness for purpose requirements and appropriate verification tests

    EN1050 Safety of Machinery--Principles for Risk Assessment

    EN1991 Eurocode 1: Actions on structures

    EN1992 Eurocode 2: Design of concrete

    EN1993 Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures

    EN1994 Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures

    EN1995 Eurocode 5: Design of timber structures

    EN280 Mobile Elevating Work Platforms--Design Calculations, Stability Criteria, Construction, Safety, Examinations, and Tests

    EN60947-1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear

    EN954-1 Safety of Machinery--Safety Related Parts of Control Systems--General Principles for Design

    FM6930 Flammability Classification of Industrial Fluids

    FMVSSNo.213 Child Restraint Systems Available from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590, http://www.nhtsa.gov.

    HallowStructuralSect

    InternationalBuildin Chapter 16, Structural Design

    NationalBuildingCode Companion-action load combinations

    NDS National Design Standard for ASD Design

    NDS2005 National Design Specification for Wood Construction

    USDA-72 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, The Wood Handbook--Wood As An Engineering Material, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.


    關鍵詞

    加速度限制;游乐设施或设备;防回滚设备;链条;间隙包络线;包含;控制系统;设计;电气;紧急安全设 备;紧固件;疲劳;围栏;护栏;液压;冲击系数;负载和强度;机械系统;运营小时;气动;约束;乘坐分析;焊 接;钢丝绳

    ASTM F2291

    Citing ASTM Standards
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