ASTM F2291 - 15

    游乐设施及设备设计的 标准规程

    Active Standard ASTM F2291 Developed by Subcommittee: F24.24

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.07

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    1. 範圍

    1.1 本规程为游乐设施及设备的设计以及公布的生效日期之后制造的游乐设施及设备的重大修改确立标准,1.2中指 出的除外。

    1.2 本规程不适用于以下设备:

    1.2.1 游客指挥的游乐设施或设备(例如,卡丁车、碰碰车和碰碰船),

    1.2.2 人工攀岩墙,

    1.2.3 空气支撑结构,

    1.2.4 干滑道,

    1.2.5 投币式游乐设施,

    1.2.6 涉及有意将游客的身体部分或全部浸入水中并涉及超过偶然游客与水接触的游乐设施或设备(例如,水池、水 滑道、休闲河流、互动水上游玩设备),

    1.2.7 在其他 ASTM 标准中另有说明的游乐设施及设备,

    1.2.8 游乐设施或设备不受重大修改影响的部分,

    1.2.9 在保持或增强原始设计和安全标准的情况下,对游乐设施及设备的电气布线、电机和电气组件的升级,以及

    1.2.10 在本规程公布的生效日期之后制造的先前业已存在的设计方案(如果其已通过服务认证或先前就已达标), 且制造商须提供以下材料: 游乐设施、设备或主要修改的历史概要,以及 如第3部分指定的设计已通过服务认证或先前就已达标的声明。 游乐设施及设备以及对游乐设施及设备的重大修改可在本规程公布日期之后五年内具有“先前已达标”资 格。因此,游乐设施及设备以及对游乐设施及设备的重大修改必须具有“已通过服务认证”资格或符合本规程的要求。

    1.3 本规程包括附录(强制性),其提供附加信息(例如,基本原理、背景、解释、图纸、注释等),以加深用户对 本规程中所述之标准的理解和应用。附录信息应解释为强制性设计标准。

    1.4 本规程包含附件(非强制性),其中提供了更多其他信息(例如,理由说明、背景、解释、图纸、评论等等), 以加深用户对本规程中所述之标准的理解和应用。附件信息不得被解释为强制性设计标准。

    1.5 本标准并未涵盖与其使用相关的所有安全事项。本标准的用户应负责在使用之前采取适当的安全和卫生措施,并 确定各项管理限制条件的适用性。

    2. 參考文獻

    F1159 Practice for Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion Amusement Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures

    F1193 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F2137 Practice for Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices

    F770 Practice for Ownership, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of Amusement Rides and Devices

    ACI-301 Specifications for Structural Concrete

    ACI-318 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI-318) and Commentary (318R)

    AISC 316 Manual on Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design (ASD)

    AISC M015 Manual on Steel Construction, Load & Resistance Factor Design (LRFD)

    ANSI B11.TR3 Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction--A Guide to Estimate, Evaluate, and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools

    ANSI B77.1 Passenger Ropeways--Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors--Safety Requirements

    ANSI B93.114M Pneumatic Fluid Power--Systems Standard for Industrial Machinery

    ANSI Y32.10 Graphic Symbols for Fluid Power Diagrams

    ANSI/AISC 360-05 Specifications for Structural Steel Buildings

    ANSI/AWS D1.1/D1.1M Structural Welding Code--Steel

    ANSI/AWS D14.4 Specification for Welded Joints in Machinery and Equipment

    ASCE 16 Standard for Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) for Engineered Wood Construction

    ASCE 7 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures

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    ASM Atlas of Fatigue Curves

    ASM Handbook Volume 19: Fatigue and Fracture

    ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators

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    ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

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    DIN 1055-100 Load combinations

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    EN 60947-1 Low-Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear

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    FM6930 Flammability Classification of Industrial Fluids

    FMVSS No. 213 Child Restraint Systems Available from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE, West Building, Washington, DC 20590,

    Hallow Structural Section Connection and Trusses&m

    International Building Code Chapter 16, Structural Design

    National Building Code of Canada Companion-action load combinations

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    USDA-72 U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, The Wood Handbook--Wood As An Engineering Material, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory Available from U.S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents, 732 N. Capitol St., NW, Mail Stop: SDE, Washington, DC 20401.


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