Active Standard ASTM F2281 | Developed by Subcommittee: F16.04
Book of Standards Volume: 01.08
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements for stainless steel and nickel alloy bolts, hex cap screws, and studs intended for use in applications where resistance to heat and the effects of high temperature are to be considered. Three types of materials covered in this specification are: Type I—heat resisting alloys for continuous service applications; Type II—heat resisting alloys for continuous and intermittent service applications; and Type III—high temperature alloys for continuous and intermittent service applications. Type I is classified further into Class A—austenitic grades, Class B—martensitic grades, and Class C—ferritic grades. Type III is also classified further into Class A—nickel based alloy, Class B—precipitation hardened alloy, and Class C—precipitation hardened alloy. The products shall be subject to: chemical analysis; mechanical tests to determine yield strength, wedge tensile strength, or axial tensile strength; and corrosion resistance tests to determine freedom from precipitated carbides.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.1 This specification covers the chemical and mechanical requirements for stainless steel and nickel alloy bolts, hex cap screws, and studs, ¼ in. diameter and larger, intended for use at temperatures up to 1800°F (982°C), and in applications where resistance to heat and the effects of high temperature are to be considered. See Appendix X1 for Service Application. A wide variety of materials are covered in this specification which can be used at high temperatures as a function of the specific alloy properties, as well as environmental requirements including corrosive environments.
1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
A262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
A276 Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
A342/A342M Test Methods for Permeability of Feebly Magnetic Materials
A380 Practice for Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel Parts, Equipment, and Systems
A484/A484M Specification for General Requirements for Stainless Steel Bars, Billets, and Forgings
A493 Specification for Stainless Steel Wire and Wire Rods for Cold Heading and Cold Forging
A564/A564M Specification for Hot-Rolled and Cold-Finished Age-Hardening Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes
A582/A582M Specification for Free-Machining Stainless Steel Bars
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
B637 Specification for Precipitation-Hardening and Cold Worked Nickel Alloy Bars, Forgings, and Forging Stock for Moderate or High Temperature Service
B880 Specification for General Requirements for Chemical Check Analysis Limits for Nickel, Nickel Alloys and Cobalt Alloys
D3951 Practice for Commercial Packaging
E21 Test Methods for Elevated Temperature Tension Tests of Metallic Materials
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
E76 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel-Copper Alloys
E139 Test Methods for Conducting Creep, Creep-Rupture, and Stress-Rupture Tests of Metallic Materials
E292 Test Methods for Conducting Time-for-Rupture Notch Tension Tests of Materials
E353 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Stainless, Heat-Resisting, Maraging, and Other Similar Chromium-Nickel-Iron Alloys
E354 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of High-Temperature, Electrical, Magnetic, and Other Similar Iron, Nickel, and Cobalt Alloys
F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets
F788/F788M Specification for Surface Discontinuities of Bolts, Screws, and Studs, Inch and Metric Series
F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection
ASME StandardsB18.2.1 Square and Hex Bolts and Screws, (Inch Series)
ICS Number Code 21.060.10 (Bolts, screws, studs)
UNSPSC Code 31160000(Hardware)