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This specification covers establishes requirements for coextruded crosslinked polyethylene multi-layer pressure tubing with a continuously welded aluminum tube construction between inner and outer layers of plastic. The inner and outer crosslinked polyethylene layers are bonded to the aluminum by a melt adhesive. The tubing is outside diameter controlled and made in one standard dimension ratio, SDR9 and is intended to be used for hot and cold water conveyance in applications up to a certain temperature. The tubing is intended for use in potable water distribution systems for residential and commercial applications, water service, hydronic radiant heating (HRH), radiant panel heating, baseboard, and snow melt systems. PEX-AL-PEX tubing is comprised of one metallic layer, two layers of polymeric adhesive and two-layers of crosslinked polyethylene. The metallic layer is aluminum and the cross-linked polyethylene plastics used to make the PEX layers of the PEX-AL-PEX tubing shall be made from virgin resin. Different tests and measurements shall be conducted in order to determine the following properties: out-of-roundness, pipe wall thickness, outer and inner PEX layer thickness, adhesion, burst pressure, sustained pressure, gel content, and apparent ring tensile strength. The tubing shall be free of visible cracks, blisters, holes, foreign inclusions and other known injurious defects. The tubing shall be as uniform as practical in color, opacity, density and other physical properties.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.1 This specification covers establishes requirements for coextruded crosslinked polyethylene multi-layer pressure tubing with a continuously welded aluminum tube construction between inner and outer layers of plastic. The inner and outer crosslinked polyethylene layers are bonded to the aluminum by a melt adhesive. The tubing is outside diameter controlled and made in one standard dimension ratio, SDR9 and is intended to be used for hot and cold water conveyance in applications up to 180°F (82.2°C). Included in this specification is a system of nomenclature for crosslinked polyethylene-aluminum-crosslinked polyethylene (PEX-AL-PEX) tubes, and the requirements and test methods for materials, dimensions of component layers and the finished tubing, layer adhesion test, weld strength, short-term burst pressure, long-term sustained pressure and marking requirements. The tubing covered by this specification is intended for use in potable water distribution systems for residential and commercial applications, water service, hydronic radiant heating (HRH), radiant panel heating, baseboard, and snow melt systems.
1.2 This specification covers only plastic-metal-plastic multi-layer tubes incorporating a continuous welded aluminum tube. Tubing consisting of metallic layers not welded together is outside the scope of this specification.
1.3 Units—The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.4 Specifications for connectors for use with pipe meeting the requirements of this specification are given in Annex A1.
1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Section 9, of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
NSF International StandardsNSF/ANSI61 for Drinking Water System Components-Health Effects
Federal StandardFed.Std.No.123 Marking for Shipments (Civil Agencies) Available from Standardization Documents Order Desk, DODSSP, Bldg. 4, Section D, 700 Robbins Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19111-5098, http://www.dodssp.daps.mil.
Military StandardMIL-STD-129 Marking for Shipment and Storage
Uniform Classification and Committee StandardUniformFreightClassi
National Motor Freight Traffic Association StandardNationalMotorFreight
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics
D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe Under Constant Internal Pressure
D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Thermoplastic Pipe and Fittings
D2765 Test Methods for Determination of Gel Content and Swell Ratio of Crosslinked Ethylene Plastics
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
ICS Number Code 23.040.20 (Plastic pipes)
UNSPSC Code 40183000(Rubber and plastic tubing)