ASTM F2227 - 13

    Standard Test Method for Non-Destructive Detection of Leaks in Non-sealed and Empty Packaging Trays by CO2 Tracer Gas Method

    Active Standard ASTM F2227 | Developed by Subcommittee: F02.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.10


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Harmful biological or particulate contaminants may enter the package through imperfections such as pinholes or cracks in trays.

    5.2 After initial instrument set-up and calibration, the operations of individual tests and test results do not need operator interpretation.

    5.3 Leak test results that exceed the permissible threshold setting are indicated by audible or visual signal responses, or both, or by other means.

    5.4 This non-destructive test method may be performed in either laboratory or production environments and may be undertaken on either a 100 % or a statistical sampling basis. This test method, in single instrument use and current implementation, may not be fast enough to work on a production packaging line, but is well suited for statistical testing as well as package developmental design work.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This non-destructive test method detects pinhole leaks in trays, as small as 50 μm (0.002 in.) in diameter, or equivalently sized cracks, subject to trace gas concentration in the tray, tray design and manufacturing tolerances.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard units. Values in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environments

    F1327 Terminology Relating to Barrier Materials for Medical Packaging


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.020 (Medical sciences and health care facilities in general); 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/F2227

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