ASTM F2224 - 09(2014)

    Standard Specification for High Purity Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate or Dihydrate for Surgical Implants

    Active Standard ASTM F2224 | Developed by Subcommittee: F04.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.01

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    This specification covers unfabricated and fabricated forms of high purity hydrated calcium sulfate hemihydrate or dihydrate for surgical implants. The requirements of this specification apply to calcium sulfate combined with two molecules of water or two calcium sulfate molecules with one water mole but does not include calcium sulfate anhydrite and calcium sulfate forms that contain reinforcing phases, medicaments, biological agents, and other such additives. All covered materials should conform to the requirements for set time, compressive strength, and in vitro degradation.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This specification covers material requirements for unfabricated and fabricated forms of hydrated calcium sulfate intended for surgical implants. Fabricated forms may include pressed and cast surgical implants in various geometric shapes. The calcium sulfate hemihydrate in the unfabricated form can be converted with the addition of water or other water-containing solutions to a fabricated calcium sulfate dihydrate form.

    1.2 The requirements of this specification apply to calcium sulfate combined with two molecules of water or two calcium sulfate molecules sharing one water molecule.

    Approximate chemical formulae:

    Calcium Sulfate Dihydrate



    Calcium Sulfate Hemihydrate

    CaSO4·1/2H2O or CaSO4·H2O·CaSO4

    1.3 This specification specifically excludes calcium sulfate anhydrite and calcium sulfate forms that contain additives such as reinforcing phases, medicaments, biological agents, and so forth.

    1.4 The presence of processing aids does not exclude a product from the physical and mechanical requirements of this specification.

    1.5 Some provisions of Specification C59/C59M and Test Methods C472 apply. Special requirements that are detailed in this specification are included to characterize the material which will be used in surgical implants.

    1.6 The biological response to calcium sulfate in bone tissue has been well characterized by a history of clinical use (1-14)2 and by laboratory studies (15-18).

    1.7 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 4, 5, and 6, of this specification. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C59/C59M Specification for Gypsum Casting Plaster and Gypsum Molding Plaster

    C472 Test Methods for Physical Testing of Gypsum, Gypsum Plasters and Gypsum Concrete

    F648 Specification for Ultra-High-Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Powder and Fabricated Form for Surgical Implants

    F756 Practice for Assessment of Hemolytic Properties of Materials

    F763 Practice for Short-Term Screening of Implant Materials

    F813 Practice for Direct Contact Cell Culture Evaluation of Materials for Medical Devices

    F895 Test Method for Agar Diffusion Cell Culture Screening for Cytotoxicity

    F981 Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Biomaterials for Surgical Implants with Respect to Effect of Materials on Muscle and Bone

    F1088 Specification for Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate for Surgical Implantation

    F1635 Test Method for in vitro Degradation Testing of Hydrolytically Degradable Polymer Resins and Fabricated Forms for Surgical Implants

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prothetics and orthotics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 42295500(Surgical implants and expanders and extenders and surgical wires and related products)

    DOI: 10.1520/F2224

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